The Need of More Halfway Houses as Transit to Reduce Homelessness amongst Former Prisoners in Malaysia

  • Mohd Alif Jasni School of Applied Pyschology, Social Policy & Policy, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, 06010 Bukit Kayu Hitam, Kedah.
  • Siti Hajar Abu Bakar Ah Department of Social Justice and Administration, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur
  • Jal Zabdi Mohd Yusoff Faculty of Law, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur
  • Zaiton Azman Faculty of Administration & Policy, UiTM, Seremban, 70300, Negeri Sembilan
Keywords: former prisoners, homeless, halfway houses, re-integration, crime repetition

Abstract

Fundamentally, former prisoners who have no access to transit home or residency after being released from prison are often found to be homeless. In this manner, such failure to obtain a home has been commonly associated with family rejection. The existing halfway houses throughout Malaysia are limited, therefore, the program failed to accommodate a large number of released former prisoners each year. In lieu of this, many former inmates are unable to acquire proper shelter or a suitable place to live after their release. Due to the arising concern, a study was conducted in 2018 with regards to the former prisoners’ life challenges during the re-integration process within the community. Detailed interviews were carried amongst 19 former prisoners with their background of criminal records. In addition, the analysis from this study revealed the difficulties and challenges faced by the former prisoners that had led them to be homeless. The data had also revealed that the issue is related to the absence of residency as well as family rejection. Subsequently, the findings provided evidence-based for authorities to address the current issues as well as established more halfway houses in assisting the re-integration process. Furthermore, critical understanding of the needs and living with economic hardships amongst former prisoners will indeed be a good steer to initiate the development of effective post-release and advanced care programs in supervising and guiding former prisoners to abide by the law of Malaysia.

 

References

Altschuler, D., & Brash, R. (2004). Adolescent and teenage offenders confronting the challenges and opportunities of reentry. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 2(1), 72-87.

Baldry, E., McDonnell, D., Maplestone, P., & Peeters, M. (2006) Ex-prisoners, homelessness and the state in Australia. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 39(1), 1-14.

Creswell, J. W., Hanson, W. E., Clark Plano, V. L., & Morales, A. (2007). Qualitative research designs: Selection and implementation. The Counseling Psychologist, 35(2), 236-264.

Fontaine J., & Biess, J. (2012). Housing as a platform for formerly incarcerated persons. Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

Geller, A., & Curtis, M. (2011). A sort of homecoming: Incarceration and the housing security of urban men. Social Science Research, 40(4),1196-1213.

Gojkovic, D., Meek, R., & Mills, A. (2011). Offender engagement with third sector organisations: A national prison-based survey. TSRC Working Paper 61. Southampton: Third Sector Research Centre.

Department of Malaysian Prisons (2012). Rumah perantaraan atau halfway house. Accessed on 27 February 2018 from: http://habinovasi.mampu.gov.my/laporan_inovasi/558-rumah-perantaraan-halfway-house.pdf

Ministry of Finance (2016). Bajet tahunan peruntukan kewangan negara untuk perkhidmatan pemulihan dan rawatan pesalah jenayah, 2011 - 2016. Accessed on 14 December 2016 from: http://www.treasury.gov.my/index.php/bajet.html

Mills, A., Gojkovic, D., Meek, R., & Mullins, D. (2013). Housing ex-prisoners: the role of the third sector. Safer Communities, 12(1), 38-49.

Mohd Alif Jasni (2018). Program pascapembebasan dan jagaan lanjutan untuk bekas banduan (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur.

Mohd Alif Jasni, Siti Hajar Abu Bakar Ah, Jal Zabdi Mohd Yusoff, Khairiyah Md. Shahid, & Noralina Omar (2017). Konsep residivisme: Kekaburan definisi, pengukuran dan praktis. Akademika, 87(3), 101-122.

Naser, R. L., & La Vigne, N. G. (2006). Family Support in the Prisoner Reentry Process Expectations and Realities. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 43(1), 93-106
Seiter, R., & Kadela, K. (2003). Prisoner reentry: What works, what does not, and what is promising. Crime & Delinquency, 49(3), 360-388.

Utusan Online (2014). Kerajaan disaran sedia rumah perantara bekas banduan. Accessed on 27 February 2018 from: http://www.utusan.com.my/berita/parlimen/kerajaan-disaran-sedia-rumah-perantara-bekas-banduan-1.29642

Wan Roslili Abd. Majid & Najibah Mohd Zain. (2014). Isu dalam penahanan dan pemulihan banduan di Malaysia. Jurnal Kanun, 27(1), 143-168.
Published
2019-06-11
How to Cite
Jasni, M. A., Abu Bakar Ah, S. H., Mohd Yusoff, J. Z., & Azman, Z. (2019). The Need of More Halfway Houses as Transit to Reduce Homelessness amongst Former Prisoners in Malaysia. GEOGRAFI, 7(1), 33-54. Retrieved from http://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/index.php/GEOG/article/view/3097
Section
Articles