Brief Documentation of Basidiomycota and Ascomycota Diversity in Gunung Gading National Park, Sarawak

  • Mohamad Fhaizal Mohamad Bukhori Biology Unit, Centre for Pre-University Studies, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • Besar Ketol Biology Unit, Centre for Pre-University Studies, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • Khairil Rizadh Razali Biology Unit, Centre for Pre-University Studies, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • Azizi Hussain Biology Unit, Centre for Pre-University Studies, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • Mohd Faizullah Rohmon Biology Unit, Centre for Pre-University Studies, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
Keywords: Biodiversity, Cookeina, Coprinellus, Ganoderma, macrofungi


To facilitate the learning objectives of ecology, biodiversity and environment course, in situ activities remain the finest key to complement by conducting real fieldwork and hands on study. The specific objectives of the study are to promote sustainable learning, adopting effective practice in academic and scientific documentation, and implementing holistic and blended learning approach in the course by introducing a comprehensive learning experience in biodiversity-related discipline. Therefore, Basidiomycota and Ascomycota study based on diversity, host association and community structure in Gunung Gading National Park was chosen and resulted with the following attributes, where, four different species of macrofungi were identified and classified including Ganoderma, Coprinellus and Cookeina. Information on Basidiomycota and Ascomycota diversity species present in the parks is useful for educational and research purposes such as in Malaysian fungal diversity, climate change marker and Malaysian fungal monograph, developing a conservation education and attitude towards scientific reporting and also helps in promoting ecotourism.


Abang Bohari, D. N. A. (2015). Structural Characteristics of a Regrowth Forest Stand. Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.

Abu Bakar, N. A., Radam, A., Samdin, Z., & Yacob, M. R. (2016). Willingness to pay in kubah national park and matang wildlife centre: A contingent valuation method. International Journal of Business and Society, 17(1), 131–144.

Adam, J. H., Wilcock, C. C., & Swaine, M. D. (1992). The Ecology and Distribution of Bornean Nepenthes. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 5(1), 13–25.

Ahmad Ali, S. R., Safari, S., Thakib, M. S., Ahamed Bakeri, S., & Ab. Ghani, N. A. (2016). Soil fungal community with peat in Sarawak identified using 18S rDNA marker. Journal of Oil Palm Research, 28(2), 161–171.

Appanah, S., Maury-Lechon, G., Curtet, L., Bawa, K. S., Tompsett, P. B., Krishnapillay, B., Ashton, M. S., Lee, S. S., Elouard, C., Weinland, G., Shiva, M. P. & Jantan, I. (1998). A Review of Dipterocarps: Taxonomy, ecology and silviculture. (S. Appanah & J. M. Turnbull, Eds.). Bogor: Center for International Forestry Research and Forest Research Institute Malaysia.

Cummings, N. J., Ambrose, A., Braithwaite, M., Bissett, J., Roslan, H. A., Abdullah, J., Stewart, A., Agbayani, F. V., Steyaert, J. & Hill, R. A. (2016). Diversity of root-endophytic Trichoderma from Malaysian Borneo. Mycological Progress, 15, 50.

DE. (2012, June 28). Rafflesia with 10 petals. Daily Express, p. 8.

Demies, M., Lading, E., & Silang, S. (2008). Biodiversity Conservation in Sarawak. In R. Manurung, Z. C. Abdullah, F. B. AHmad, & C. Kuek (Eds.), Biodiversity-Biotechnology: Gateway to Discoveries, Sustainable Utilization and Wealth Creation (pp. 23–32). Kuching: Sarawak Biodiversity Centre.

Eyssartier, G., Stubbe, D., Walleyn, R., & Verbeken, A. (2009). New records of Cantharellus species (Basidiomycota, Cantharellaceae) from Malaysian dipterocarp rainforest. Fungal Diversity, 36, 57–67.

Haelewaters, D., Schilthuizen, M., & Pfister, D. H. (2014). On Diphymyces (Laboulbeniales, Ascomycota) in Malaysian Borneo. Plant Ecology and Evolution, 147(1), 93–100.

Jaafar, H. Z. E., Ibrahim, M. H., & Fakri, N. F. M. (2012). Impact of Soil Field Water Capacity on Secondary Metabolites, Phenylalanine Ammonia-lyase (PAL), Maliondialdehyde (MDA) and Photosynthetic Responses of Malaysian Kacip Fatimah (Labisia pumila Benth). Molecules, 17(6), 7305–7322.

Kamri, T. (2013). Willingness to Pay for Conservation of Natural Resources in the Gunung Gading National Park, Sarawak. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 101, 506–515.

Kerfahi, D., Tripathi, B. M., Lee, J., Edwards, D. P., & Adams, J. M. (2014). The Impact of Selective-Logging and Forest Clearance for Oil Palm on Fungal Communities in Borneo. PLoS ONE, 9(11), 1–8.

Kistenich, S., Rikkinen, J. K., Thüs, H., Vairappan, C. S., Wolseley, P. A., & Timdal, E. (2018). Three new species of Krogia (Ramalinaceae, lichenised Ascomycota) from the Paleotropics. MycoKeys, 40, 69–88.

Lateef, A. A., Sepiah, M., & Bolhassan, M. H. (2016). Diversity and Distribution of Microfungi from Dipterocarp Forests in Sarawak, Borneo Island (Malaysia). Malaysian Journal of Science, 35(2), 290–303.

Lee, C. (2002). Nepenthes species of the Hose Mountains in Sarawak, Borneo. In K. Kondo (Ed.), The 4th International Carnivorous Plant Conference (pp. 25–30). Tok: International Carnivorous Plant Society.

Manshor, N., Rosli, H., Ismail, N. A., Salleh, B., & Zakaria, L. (2012). Diversity of Fusarium Species from Highland Areas in Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 23(2), 1–15.

Meekiong, K., Latiff, A., Tawan, C. S., & Miraadila, M. I. (2012). Leaf micro-morphological characteristics of selected Vatica species (Dipterocarpaceae) from Kubah National Park, Sarawak. Malaysian Applied Biology, 41(2), 41–44.

MNRE. (2006). Biodiversity in Malaysia. Ministery of Natural Resources and Envirnment. Kuala Lumpur.

MNRE. (2015). National Policy on Biological Diversity. Putrajaya.

Mohamad Arif, N. A. (2012). The Diversity of Understorey Birds at Gunung Gading National Park, Sarawak. Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.

Nakasone, K. K., Draeger, K. R., & Ortiz-Santana, B. (2017). A Contribution to the Taxonomy of Rhizochaete (Polyporales, Basidiomycota). Cryptogamie, Mycologie, 38(1), 81–99.

Pearce, K. G. (1992). The Palms of Kubah National Park, Matang, Kuching Division. Kuala Lumpur.
Sarawak Government Gazette. Wild Life Protection Ordinance, 1998, Pub. L. No. Wild Life Protection Ordinance, 1998 (1998). Malaysia: Law of Sarawak.

Sato, H., Tanabe, A. S., & Toju, H. (2015). Contrasting Diversity and Host Association of Ectomycorrhizal Basidiomycetes versus Root-Associated Ascomycetes in a Dipterocarp Rainforest. PLoS ONE, 1–20.

SCMP. (2017, December 22). Timber Land to Revolutionise Sarawak Retail. South China Morning Post, p. S10.

SF. (2003). Innovative Tropical Rainforest Conservation. Kuching: Sarawak Forestry.

Shoparwe, N. I. (2013). A Taxonomic Study on Rafflesia Tuan-Mudae (Rafflesiaceae) in Sarawak. Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.

Simarmata, R., Lekatompessy, S., & Sukiman, H. (2007). Isolasi Mikroba Endofitik dari Tanaman Obat Sambung Nyawa (Gynura procumbens) dan Analisis Potensinya sebagai Antimikroba. Journal of Biological Researches, 13, 85–90.

Soepadmo, E., Mohamed, A. L., Kiew, R., Lee, H. S., Wong, K. M., Chung, R. C. K., Ashton, P. S., Dransfield, J., Kalkman, C. & Whitmore, T. C. (1995). Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak. (E. Soepadmo & K. M. Wong, Eds.), Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Sarawak. Forestry Department, Kuching, Malaysia (1st ed.). Kepong: Forest Research Institute Malaysia.

Su See, L., & Watling, R. (2005). Macrofungal Diversity in Malaysia. In L. S. L. Chua, L. G. Kirton, & L. G. Saw (Eds.), Status of Biological Diversity in Malaysia and Threat Assessment of Plant Species in Malaysia (pp. 169–180). Kuala Lumpur: Forest Research Institute Malaysia.

Tan, Y. S., Desjardin, D. E., Vikineswary, S., & Abdullah, N. (2007). Basidiomycota: The genus Marasmius in Peninsular Malaysia. Malaysian Fungal Diversity, 61–73.

Teo, S. P., Chai, P. P. K., & Phua, M. H. (2013). Conservation Gap Analysis of Dipterocarp Hotspots in Sarawak Using GIS, Remote Sensing and Herbarium Data. Sains Malaysiana, 42(9), 1237–1246.

Vermeulen, J. J., & Lamb, A. (2011). Endangered even before formally described: Bulbophyllum kubahense n.sp., a beautiful and assumedly narrowly endemic orchid from Borneo. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 292, 51–53.

Vincent, A. (2002). Studies of native and exotic tree plantations in Sarawak. Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.

Wahab, M. P. (2012). Pitcher Plant (Nepenthes ampullaria) Choices by Frogs of the Microhyla nepenthicola and M. borneensis Complex for Breeding at Kunah National Park, Sarawak. University Malaysia Sarawak.
How to Cite
Mohamad Bukhori, M. F., Ketol, B., Razali, K. R., Hussain, A., & Rohmon, M. F. (2020). Brief Documentation of Basidiomycota and Ascomycota Diversity in Gunung Gading National Park, Sarawak. Journal of Science and Mathematics Letters, 8(1), 37-47. Retrieved from