程家骅:中华民国的 “外交遗民”

Cheng Jiahua: “Diplomatic Remnant” of the Republic of China

  • Ho Khai Leong Wenzao Ursuline University of Languages, TAIWAN
Keywords: 程家骅, 中华民国驻马六甲领事, 外交遗民, 沈慕羽

Abstract

程家骅(1905-1976),安徽潜山人,燕京大学经济系毕业,早年投入外交界,曾任中华民国驻印度尼西亚、萨摩亚等地区领事。1948年,他被派到英属马来亚,担任中华民国驻马六甲领事(1948年9月-1950年1月)。1949年国民党政府迁台,他卸任后选择居留在马六甲终老;加入了马华公会,在培风中学短暂任教,接着担任马六甲育民中学校长(1961-1967)。本文企图勾画他在1949年英属马来亚中华民国领事馆关闭后选择居留在马来亚的一些状况,尤其是从未刊行的《沈慕羽日记》里,进一步寻找他与沈慕羽在之间的交往,以及他在马六甲华人社会的政治、商业、教育和交游活动。他离职后曾经有一段时期在马六甲华社相当风光,但是后来其光芒逐渐消失,晚年郁郁不得志,以致孤独以殁。他被作者称为一位中华民国的“外交遗民”,在中国大陆朝代替换之际,选择长久移民马来亚,就把此地当作故乡,努力在地化。其一生或许可视为中国南来知识分子经历的外一章。

Cheng Jiahua (1905-1976), a native of Qianshan, Anhui, graduated from the Department of Economics of Yanjing University. He joined the diplomatic field in his early years and served as the consul of the Republic of China in Indonesia, Samoa and other regions. In 1948, he was sent to British Malaya as the consul of the Republic of China in Malacca (September 1948-1950). After the Kuomintang government moved to Taiwan in 1949, he chose to stay in Malacca. Later he joined the Malayan Chinese Association, taught briefly at Peifeng Middle School, and then served as the principal of Malacca Yumin Middle School (1961-1967). This article attempts to outline his life in Malaya after the closure of the Republic of China consulate in British Malaya in 1949. An effort is made to extract from the unpublished “Sim Mow Yu’s Diaries” to inspect for the contacts between him and Sim Mow Yu. Initially his life in the Malacca Chinese community was quite fruitful, but later as the glamour of an ex-consulate slowly disappeared, he spent his later years in loneliness. He was called by the author a “diplomatic remnant” of the Republic of China. When political power changed hand in the Chinese mainland, he chose to emigrate to Malaya, and called it home. He also tried to identify himself as a member of the local community. His life may be regarded as another interesting chapter of the experience of China’s literati who have chosen to emigrate to the South Seas.

Keywords: Cheng Jiahua, diplomatic remnant, Consulate of Republic of China in Malacca, Sim Mow Yu

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References

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程家骅,<序言>,《1966年马六甲育民中学高中第10届毕业纪念刊》,马六甲:育民国民型中学第10届高中三毕业纪念刊筹备委员会,1966。

Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
Leong, H. K. (2021). 程家骅:中华民国的 “外交遗民”. ERUDITE: Journal of Chinese Studies and Education, 2(1), 59-72. https://doi.org/10.37134/erudite.vol2.1.4.2021