Author Guidelines


  • The journal accepts contributions written in Malay and English Language.
  • All manuscript must be submitted electronically at
  • Authors are required to use the publication template (refer Appendix 1) and format the manuscript accordingly before submission.
  • Manuscript must have an abstract (not exceeding 250 words) and 3-5 key words.
  • The manuscript should be prepared according to APA style (APA 6th edition).


Title Page Affiliations

  • Provide information of the author(s)’, name(s) and the affiliated institution(s) in the provided section.
  • Use an asterisk (*) to add a note to the title giving the corresponding author (name, address, phone, fax, and email).
  • In the same note, cite acknowledgments, credits, or grants.

Types of articles

Following is the Description of types of manuscript

Original Articles:

These are detailed studies reporting original research and are classified as primary literature. They include background, literature review, research objective, hypothesis, methods, results, interpretation of findings, and a discussion of possible implications. The word limit for original research article is 6000 words.


Review articles provides a critical and constructive analysis of existing published literature in a field, through summary, analysis, and comparison, often identifying specific gaps or problems and providing recommendations for future research.  The review articles can be of literature reviews, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses. Review articles should include an abstract, introduction, method, result and discussion. Authors are suggested to follow PRISMA checklist as a guide in reporting a review. The acceptable length of reviews are between 4000 – 8000 words long. 

Book review:

Book reviews are aimed to provide insight and opinion on recently published scholarly books. It is relatively short articles that allow scholars to stay abreast of new literature in the field. The book review should include an abstract, introduction, brief discussion of the pros and cons of the book and conclusion. The book review may total up to 2000 words.


Tutorial articles provides novel and original insight and reflection on the use of one or several methods of research analysis, or software in accessible format that can be used for guided or self-instruction. The format for a tutorial paper is the similar as a research paper. The recommended length of the article is 3000 words.

Guideline in formatting

Figures, Tables and Illustrations

  • Each figure, table and illustration should be clearly titled and numbered consecutively. All visual presentations including photographs, illustrations, tables, charts, diagrams, etc. must be camera ready for immediate reproduction. All original figures or glossy should be provided.
  • Figures, Tables and Illustration should be included end of the text.


Please adhere to the instructions provided for citations in text and the bibliography. Following is examples of writing reference in text and for bibliography. 

In text. The author(s)’ name(s) and date of publication should be given, e.g. (Jones, 1975); for quotations (Jones & Smith, 1974, p.79).

In references. References should be cited as illustrated below. References to articles and chapters in edited books should be as shown in the examples below.



Marohaini Yusoff (Ed.). (2004). Composing behaviours and processes of secondary school students. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press.

Woods, P. (2001). Successful writing for qualitative researchers. London: Routlege Falmer.

Chapter in Book

Denzin, N.K. (1994). The art and politics of interpretation. In Denzin, N.K. & Lincoln, Y.S. (Eds.), Handbook for qualitative research, (pp.485-500). California: Sage Publications.

Journal Article

Ball, S.J. (1990). Self-doubt and soft data: Social and technical trajectories in ethnographic fieldwork. Qualitative Studies in Education, 3, 157-171.

Unpublished Thesis/Dissertation

Samuel, M. (1992). The social construction of text: A study of two contrasting pedagogies. Unpublished doctoral thesis, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.


Hoepfl, M.C. (1997). Choosing qualitative research: A primer for technology education researchers. Journal of Technology Education, 9 (1). Retrieved 12th
April, 2005 from

Paper Presentations

Loughran, J.J., & Gunstone, R.F. (1996). Self-study in teaching and research. A paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York, April 1996.


Alina Simon. (11 September 2003). Education: A call to corporate sector. New Straits Times, p. 8.