The Relationship between Hopelessness, Extraversion Trait and Academic Achievement among Undergraduate University

  • Iman Farhana Mohd Fadzil Muin Faculty of Human Development Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak Malaysia
  • Asma Perveen Faculty of Human Development Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak Malaysia
Keywords: Hopelessness, extraversion, academic achievement

Abstract

The focus of the study is to find relationship between extraversion, hopelessness and academic achievement among University students. The study was conducted using cross-sectional survey design among the undergraduate students (n=137) of Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI). Among participants, 105 (76.6%) were female, while the male participants were 32 (23.4%). The five factor of personality traits was used to measure through 8-items out of 44-items Big Five Inventory (BFI), the hopelessness level was measured through 20-items true and false questionnaire of Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS). The Pearson r values’ result showed that there is negative correlation between hopelessness and the extraversion (r = -.162), and there is a significant negative correlation between hopelessness and academic achievement (r = -.177*). These findings proved that there is negative relationship between hopelessness, extraversion and academic achievement. The increased score of hopelessness will reduce the extraversion and academics achievement.  In conclusion, this study emphasized of the vital roles of each traits of personality that might influenced the level of hopelessness among individuals and their academic achievement. The study indicates that a precise and strategic precautions by the educators and students should be applied through interventions’ programs in campus, counselling sessions and guidance to enhance their hope and academic achievement.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abramson, L. Y., Metalsky, G. I., & Alloy, L. B. (1989). Hopelessness depression: A theory- based subtype of depression. Psychological Review, 96(2), 358.

Alloy, L. B., Abramson, L. Y., Whitehouse, W. G., Hogan, M. E., Panzarella, C., & Rose, D. T. (2006). Prospective incidence of first onsets and recurrences of depression in individuals at high and low cognitive risk for depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115(1), 145.

Alverson, J. R. (2014). A model of hopelessness, belongingness, engagement, and academic achievement. Doctoral dissertation: University of Alabama Libraries. Retrieved from https://ir.ua.edu/bitstream/handle/123456789/2023/file_1.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Akçöltekin, A. (2016). Hopelessness level of biology students in Turkey’s universities with regard to socio-demographic variables. Kastamonu Education Journal, 24(2).

Aloba, O., Olabisi, O., Ajao, O., & Aloba, T. (2016). The Beck Hopelessness Scale: Factor structure, validity and reliability in a sample of student nurses in south-western Nigeria. International Archives of Nursing and Health Care, 2(4), 1-6.

Beck, A.T., A Weissman, D., Lester, L. Trexler. (1974). The assessment of pessimism. The hopelessness scale. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 42(2):861-5.

Ben-Naim, S., Laslo-Roth, R., Einav, M., Biran, H., & Margalit, M. (2017). Academic self-efficacy, sense of coherence, hope and tiredness among college students with learning disabilities. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 32(1), 18-34.

Blankstein, K.R., Lumley, C.H. & Crawford, A. (2007). Perfectionism, hopelessness, and suicide ideation: Revisions to diathesis-stress and specific vulnerability models. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy. 25, 279–319. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10942-007-0053-6

Tan, C. S., Low, S. K., & Viapude, G. N. (2018). Extraversion and happiness: The mediating role of social support and hope. PsyCh Journal, 7(3), 133-143.

Chioqueta, A. P., & Stiles, T. C. (2005). Personality traits and the development of depression, hopelessness, and suicide ideation. Personality and Individual Differences, 38(6), 1283-1291.

Chung-Park, A. U. (2017) achievement motivation: from the perspective of learned hopelessness. Hong Kong Institute of Education. Archieved from https://hub.hku.hk/bitstream/10722/224785/1/content.pdf?accept=1

Day, L., Hanson, K., Maltby, J., Proctor, C., & Wood, A. (2010) Hope uniquely predicts objective academic achievement above intelligence, personality, and previous academic achievement. Journal of Research in Personality. 44 (4), 550-553. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2010.05.009

Drew, M. V. (1999). Personality and negative expectancies: Trait structure of the beck hopelessness scale. Personality and Individual Differences. 26 (5), 1 May 1999, 913-921. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(98)00194-9.

Fabella, F. E. (2016). The relationship between hope scale scores and the big five factors of personality among b.s. architecture students. Social Science Research Network. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2907585

Ginevra, M. C., Sgaramella, T. M., Ferrari, L., Nota, L., Santilli, S., & Soresi, S. (2017). Visions about future: A new scale assessing optimism, pessimism, and hope in adolescents. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 17(2), 187-210. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10775-016-9324-z

Goldberg, L. R. (1993). The structure of phenotypic personality traits. American Psychologist, 48(1), 26. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.48.1.26

Haeffel, G. J., Hershenberg, R., Goodson, J. T., Hein, S., Square, A., Grigorenko, E. L., & Chapman, J. (2017). The hopelessness theory of depression: Clinical utility and generalizability. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 41(4), 543-555.

Haroz, E. E., Ritchey, M., Bass, J. K., Kohrt, B. A., Augustinavicius, J., Michalopoulos, L., Bolton, P. (2017). How is depression experienced around the world? A systematic review of qualitative literature. Social Science & Medicine, 183, 151-162.

Holy Quran, Surah Yusuf: 87. Sahih International. Retrieved from http://corpus.quran.com/ translation.jsp?chapter=12&verse=87

John, O. P., & Srivastava, S. (1999). The Big-Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. L. A. Pervin & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (Vol. 2, pp. 102–138). New York: Guilford Press.

Karakus, Ö. (2018). Depression and hopelessness levels of university students according to their opinions on finding employment or falling out of labor force in Turkey. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 6(1), 190-194. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2018.060120

Kate, A., Leger, Susan, T., Charles, Nicholas. A., Turiano., David, M. Almeida. (2016). Personality and stressor-related affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 111(6):917-928. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000083

Muhammad, K., Terna, I. G., & Saanyol, D. B. (2017). The relationship between depression and academic performance among undergraduate students of Benue State University Makurdi, Nigeria. Retrieved from http://www.iiard.com/index.php/IJEE/article/view/977

Kim, B.J., Linton, K., Cho, S., Ha, J-H. (2016). The relationship between neuroticism, hopelessness, and depression in older Korean immigrants. PLoS ONE 11(1): e0145520. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0145520

Komarraju, M., Karau, S. J., Schmeck, R. R., & Avdic, A. (2011). The Big Five personality traits, learning styles, and academic achievement. Personality and Individual Differences, 51(4), 472-477.

Krafft, A. M., Guse, T., & Maree, D. (2021). Distinguishing Perceived Hope and Dispositional Optimism: Theoretical Foundations and Empirical Findings beyond Future Expectancies and Cognition. Journal of Well-Being Assessment, 1-27.

Lew, B., Huen, J., Yu, P., Yuan, L., Wang, D-F., Ping, F. (2019) Associations between depression, anxiety, stress, hopelessness, subjective well-being, coping styles and suicide in Chinese university students. PLoS ONE 14(7): e0217372. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217372

Lewis, E.G., Cardwell, J.M. (2020). The big five personality traits, perfectionism and their association with mental health among UK students on professional degree programmes. BMC Psychology. 8 (54). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00423-3

Liu, R. T., Kleiman, E. M., Nestor, B. A., & Cheek, S. M. (2015). The hopelessness theory of depression: A quarter‐century in review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 22(4), 345-365. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0101732

Miranda, R., Valderrama, J., Tsypes, A., Gadol, E., Gallagher, M. (2013). Cognitive inflexibility and suicidal ideation: mediating role of brooding and hopelessness. Psychiatry Research. 2013; 210(1): 174–181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2013.02.033

Mutlu, T., Balbag, Z., & Cemrek, F. (2010). The role of self-esteem, locus of control and big five personality traits in predicting hopelessness. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 9, 1788-1792. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.12.401

Muhammad, K., Terna, I. G., & Saanyol, D. B. The Relationship between Depression and Academic Performance among Undergraduate Students of Benue State University Makurdi, Nigeria. (2018). International Journal of Education and Evaluation, 4 (6). ISSN 2489-0073

Nunes Baptista, M., Munhoz Carneiro, A., & Ferrari Cardoso, H. (2014). Depression, family support and hopelessness: a correlated study. Universitas Psychologica, 13(2), 693-702.

Oyekcin, D. G., Sahin, E. M., & Aldemir, E. (2017). Mental health, suicidality and hopelessness among university students in Turkey. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 29, 185-189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2017.06.007

Peixoto, F., Sanches, C., Mata, L. et al. (2017). “How do you feel about math?”: Relationships between competence and value appraisals, achievement emotions and academic achievement. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 32, 385–405. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10212-016-0299-4

Pettorruso, M., d’Andrea, G., Martinotti, G., Cocciolillo, F., Miuli, A., Di Muzio, I., Camardese, G. (2020). Hopelessness, dissociative symptoms, and suicide risk in major depressive disorder: Clinical and biological correlates. Brain Sciences, 10(8), 519.

Pekrun, R., Lichtenfeld, S., Marsh, H. W., Murayama, K., & Goetz, T. (2017). Achievement emotions and academic performance: Longitudinal models of reciprocal effects. Child Development, 88(5), 1653-1670.

Rabon, J. K., & Hirsch, J. K. (2017). Beck Hopelessness Inventory. In: Zeigler-Hill V., Shackelford T. (eds) Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_7-1

Raymond., Watkins, David., Hattie, John. (2010). Academic risk factors and deficits of learned hopelessness: A longitudinal study of Hong Kong secondary school students. Educational Psychology. 30. 125-138. https://doi.org/10.1080/01443410903476400.

Rice, K. G., Leever, B. A., Christopher, J., & Porter, J. D. (2006). Perfectionism, stress, and social (dis)connection: A short-term study of hopelessness, depression, and academic adjustment among honors students. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53(4), 524–534. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.53.4.524.

Rimfeld, K., Kovas, Y., Dale, P. S., & Plomin, R. (2016). True grit and genetics: Predicting academic achievement from personality. Journal of personality and social psychology, 111(5), 780.

Siddiqui, N., Gorard, S., & See, B. H. (2018). The importance of process evaluation for randomised control trials in education. Educational Research, 60(3), 357-370.

Shri, Cameron. (2017). Correlates of the depression and hopelessness relationship in older adults: A systematic review and empirical investigation in a rural community sample. Edinburgh Research Archieve (ERA). University of Edinburgh. Retrieved from https://era.ed.ac.uk/handle/1842/31494

Walker, K.L., Chang, E.C. & Hirsch, J.K. (2017). Neuroticism and Suicidal Behavior: Conditional Indirect Effects of Social Problem Solving and Hopelessness. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 15, 80–89 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-016-9648-4

Yogendra, N., & Andrew, A. (2017). A study on the factors influencing on grade point average (GPA) with special reference to third year commerce and management students of eastern university, Sri Lanka. Journal for Studies in Management and Planning, 3(8), 409-25.

Zach, S., Yazdi-Ugav, O., & Zeev, A. (2016). Academic achievements, behavioral problems, and loneliness as predictors of social skills among students with and without learning disorders. School Psychology International, 37(4), 378-396.

Zenebe & Necho, (2019). Socio-demographic and substance-related factors associated with mental distress among Wollo university students: institution-based cross-sectional study. Ann Gen Psychiatry 18:28. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12991-019-0252-4

Zhou, L., Chen, J. (2017). Life events and hopelessness depression: The influence of affective experience. PLoS ONE 12(11): e0187898. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal. pone.0187898

Published
2020-06-29
How to Cite
Mohd Fadzil Muin, I. F., & Perveen, A. (2020). The Relationship between Hopelessness, Extraversion Trait and Academic Achievement among Undergraduate University. Evaluation Studies in Social Sciences, 9(1), 44-52. https://doi.org/10.37134/esss.vol9.1.5.2020