Bullying Victimisation and Aggressive Traits among At Risk Female Adolescents: A Case Study in a Malaysian Welfare Home

  • I Ling Ding Criminal Investigation Department, D11 Branch, Royal Malaysia Police Perak Contingent, Jalan Sultan Iskandar, Ipoh, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Geshina Ayu Mat Saat School of Health Sciences, USM Health Campus, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, MALAYSIA
  • Suzanie Adina Mat Saat USC Business School, University of the Sunshine Coast, 3000, Melbourne, AUSTRALIA
Keywords: Aggressive traits, at risk female adolescents, bullying victimisation, welfare home

Abstract

The present study was conducted to better understand aggressive traits and experiences of bullying victimisation amongst a group of at risk female adolescents in a welfare home setting.  The objectives of this study were to determine if the  presence of aggressive traits in victims provoke bullying, and to explore their experiences of bullying within a setting where their bullies also reside. The sample consisted of fifty two female adolescents, aged between 13 and 18 years old, from one children’s welfare home in Perak. A self-administered questionnaire and focus-group interviews were used to collect data. As a group, the adolescents scored higher in all subdomains of aggression, particularly hostility; compared to the norm reference. Mann-Whitney U test indicated significant differences in the subdomains physical aggression, verbal aggression, and hostility; between adolescents who had experienced bullying victimisation and those who had never been bullied. 71% of the adolescents in the welfare home were bullied which evidences an extraordinarily high bullying prevalence. 62% of the incidents were committed by people whom victims knew, further suggesting proximity is a critical concern. Victims reported the prevalence for different types of bullying: emotional and physical either on its own or simultaneously. While physical abuse was found at 29% prevalence, participants’ separate disclosure as part of police enquiry reported that it was the most memorable with vivid recollection of experience and lingering trauma which informs intervention for bullies and victims. 60% of victims kept silent; their responses disclosed disbelief in any meaningful action by caretakers. The findings herein contribute to the body of knowledge on bullying in welfare home settings that occur in Malaysia.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Álvarez-García, D., García, T., & Núñez, J. C. (2015). Predictors of school bullying perpetration in adolescence: A systematic review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 23, 126-136.

Ang, M. V. (2020). ‘A 16-year-old died by suicide after he was allegedly bullied by his teachers in school’. SAYS.COM https://says.com/my/news/a-16-year-old-died-by-suicide-after-he-wasallegedly-bullied-by-his-school-teachers

Antoniadou, N., Kokkinos, C. M. & Fanti, K. A. (2019). Traditional and Cyber Bullying/Victimization Among Adolescents: Examining Their Psychosocial Profile Through Latent Profile Analysis. International Journal of Bullying Prevention, 7(6), 1-10.

Azizi, Y., Halimah, M. & Faizah, I. (2011). Persepsi pelajar terhadap perlakuan agresif yang berlaku di lima buah sekolah menengah di kawasan bandar. [Perception of students towards aggressive behaviours that happened in five secondary schools in city areas]. Skudai, Johor: Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

BERNAMA (2019, January 23). Cadet bullying death: 'I saw accused holding steam iron', Kuala Lumpur: BERNAMA.

Bailey, C. A. (1996). A guide to field research. Pine Forge

Bryant, F. B., & Smith, B. D. (2001). Refining the architecture of aggression: A measurement model for the Buss–Perry Aggression Questionnaire. Journal of Research in Personality, 35(2), 138-167.

Bujang, M. A. (2019). Profil penjenayah samun di Selangor [Profile of house burglars in Selngor]. Masters Dissertation. Kubang Kerian: Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Chan, H. C. O. & Wong, D. S. (2015). Traditional school bullying and cyberbullying in Chinese societies: Prevalence and a review of the whole-school intervention approach. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 23, 98-108.

Choi, B., & Park, S. (2018). Who becomes a bullying perpetrator after the experience of bullying victimization? The moderating role of self-esteem. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 47(11), 2414-2423.

Chua, D., (2018, December 21). #Showbiz: I was called 'Godzilla Girl' as a kid, says Soo Wincci. The New Straits Times. https://www.nst.com.my/lifestyle/groove/2018/12/442663/showbiz-i-was-called-godzilla-girl-kid-says-soo-wincci

Chrysanthou, G. M., & Vasilakis, C. (2020). Protecting the mental health of future adults: Disentangling the determinants of adolescent bullying victimisation. Social Science & Medicine, 253, 1-34

Dervishi, E. & Ibrahimi, S. (2018). Agressivity in adolescence and its connection to attachment. International Journal of School and Cognitive Psychology, 5(1), 1-4.

Fekkes, M., Pijpers, F. I., & Verloove-Vanhorick, S. P. (2005). Bullying: Who does what, when and where? Involvement of children, teachers and parents in bullying behavior. Health Education Research, 20(1), 81-91.

Flewitt, R., Hampel, R., Hauck, M. and Lancaster, L., (2009). What are multimodal data and transcription? In C. Jewitt (Ed.) The Routledge Handbook of Multimodal Analysis, 40–53. Routledge.

Glaser, B. G., & Holton, J. (2004, May 31). Remodeling grounded theory. In Forum qualitative sozialforschung/forum: qualitative social research, 5(2), 1-22. http:research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/607/1315.

Hassan, H. (2019, May 16). ‘Malaysian police investigate case of teen who committed suicide after Instagram poll' Kuala Lumpur: The Straits Times. https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/malaysian-police-investigate-case-of-teen-who-committed-suicide-after-instagram-poll

Hillis, S., Mercy, J., Amobi, A. & Kress, H. (2016). Global prevalence of past-year violence against children: a systematic review and minimum estimates. Pediatrics, 137(3).

Juvonen, J. & Graham, S. (2014). Bullying in schools: The power of bullies and the plight of victims. Annual Review of Psychology, 65, 159-185.

Khalim, Z. (2014). Pengurusan disiplin pelajar sekolah [Management of School Student Discipline]. Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Krug, E. G., Mercy, J. A., Dahlberg, L. L., & Zwi, A. B. (2002). The world report on violence and health. The Lancet, 360(9339), 1083-1088.

Marret, M. J. & Choo, W. Y. (2018). Victimization after meeting with online acquaintances: a cross-sectional survey of adolescents in Malaysia. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 33(15), 2352-2378.

Menesini, E. & Salmivalli, C. (2017). Bullying in schools: the state of knowledge and effective interventions. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 22 (Sup1), 240-253

Meyer, E. J. (2015). Gender, bullying, and harassment: Strategies to end sexism and homophobia in schools. Teachers College Press.

Mohamed, B. (2019, January 28). 15 year old student detained for attacking schoolmate with table, chair, Georgetown: The New Straits Times. https://www.nst.com.my/news/crime-courts/2019/01/455318/15-year-old-student-detainedattacking-schoolmate-table-chair

Mohammadzadeh, M., Awang, H., Cheah Yt, J. U. N., Hashim, N. F., & Premkumar, A. (2020). Relationship between attachment styles and risk behavior (smoking and bullying) among secondary school students: an experience from Hulu Langat, Malaysia. Iranian journal of public health, 49(10), 2006-2008.

Mrug, S., Madan, A. & Windle, M. (2016). Emotional desensitization to violence contributes to adolescents’ violent behavior. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 44(1), 75-86.

Naimie, M. N., Normala, R., Kamal, C. A. M. & Lukman, Z. M. (2018). The Perception among Secondary School Students towards Bully and Bully-Victim in Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia. International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Sciences, 2(12), 54-58.

National Human Rights Society Malaysia (2018). Report on bullying in Malaysian Schools, 30 Jan 2018. [Online] Available at: https://hakam.org.my/wp/download/hakam-report-bullying-in-malaysian-schools-30-jan-2018/.

Office of Director-General of Education Malaysia (2010). Surat pekeliling ikhtisas bil 8/2010: Garis panduan mencegah dan menandangi buli dalam kalangan murid di sekolah. [online], Putrajaya, Malaysia: Ministry of Education.

Olweus, D. (1973). Hackkycklingar och översittare: forskning om skolmobbning [Aggression in the schools: Bullies and whipping boys]. Almqvist & Wiksell.

Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at school: What we know and what we can do. Bleckwell.

Olweus, D. (2013). School bullying: Development and some important challenges. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 9, 751-780.

Olweus, W. (1994). Bullying at school: basic facts and effects of a school based intervention program. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 35(7), 1171-1190.

Özdemir, Y., Vazsonyi, A. T. & Çok, F., (2016). Parenting processes, self-esteem, and aggression: A mediation model. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 14(5), 509-532.

Rigby, K. & Slee, P. (1999). Suicidal ideation among adolescent school children, involvement in bully-victim problems, and perceived social support. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behaviour, 29, 119-130.

Roland, E., & Idsøe, T. (2001). Aggression and bullying. Aggressive Behavior: Official Journal of the International Society for Research on Aggression, 27(6), 446-462.

Rumble, L., Febrianto, R. F., Larasati, M. N., Hamilton, C., Mathews, B., & Dunne, M. P. (2020). Childhood sexual violence in Indonesia: a systematic review. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 21(2), 284-299.

Runions, K. C., Salmivalli, C., Shaw, T., Burns, S., & Cross, D. (2018). Beyond the reactive‐proactive dichotomy: Rage, revenge, reward, and recreational aggression predict early high school bully and bully/victim status. Aggressive Behavior, 44(5), 501-511.

Saat, S. A. M., Hepworth, M., & Jackson, T., (2018). “She looked like an Alien”: Experience and definitions children attach to a parental cancer diagnosis. Aslib Journal of Information Management, 70(1), 78-103

Smith, J. A., Flowers, P., & Osborn, M. (2013). Interpretative phenomenological analysis and the psychology of health and illness. In Material Discourses of Health and Illness, (pp. 77-100). Routledge.

Smith, P. K., & Thompson, D. (Eds.) (2017). Practical Approaches to Bullying. Routledge.

Srivastava, P., Sehgal, K. & Singh, T. B. (2017). Determinants of school bullies: traits and behavior patterns. Journal of Psychology and Clinical Psychiatry, 7(6), 1-10.

Tan, L., Ganapathy, S. S., Sooryanarayana, R., Hasim, M. H., Saminathan, T. A., Mohamad Anuar, M. F., Ahmad, F. H., Abd Razak, M. A. & Rosman, A., (2019). Bullying victimization among school-going adolescents in Malaysia: prevalence and associated factors. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, 31(8), 18-29.

The Star Online (2018, April 16). School projects drive better student behaviour, Kota Kinabalu: The Star Online. https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2018/04/16/school-projects-drive-better-student-behaviour

Tufford, L., & Newman, P. (2012). Bracketing in qualitative research. Qualitative Social Work, 11(1), 80-96.

Vanar, M. (2017, July 13). Sabah police detain 10 students over viral video bully case, Sabah: The Star Online. https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2017/07/31/sabah-police-investigating-viral-video-of-girl-being-bullied/

Yaakub, N. F., Haron, F. & Goh, C. L. (2010). Examining the efficacy of the Olweus prevention programme in reducing bullying: the Malaysian experience. Procedia Social and Behavioural Sciences, 5, 595-598.

Published
2021-06-16
How to Cite
Ding, I. L., Mat Saat, G. A., & Mat Saat, S. A. (2021). Bullying Victimisation and Aggressive Traits among At Risk Female Adolescents: A Case Study in a Malaysian Welfare Home. Evaluation Studies in Social Sciences, 10(1), 36-45. https://doi.org/10.37134/esss.vol10.1.6.2021