Learning Styles among Bachelor of Psychology Students at Private University, Perak

Gaya Pembelajaran dalam Kalangan Pelajar Sarjana Muda Psikologi di Universiti Swasta, Perak

  • Nor Aroma Abu Bakar Faculty of Engineering, Sicence and Technology, School of Nursing, Nilai University Malaysia, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, MALAYSIA
  • Nor Zorrenee Zorkarphy Faculty of Nursing and Allied Health Sciences, Open University Malaysia, , 47301 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, MALAYSIA
  • Muhammad Fawwaz Farhawiz Mohd Jaafar Faculty of Sciences Social, Open University Malaysia, 47301 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, MALAYSIA
  • Norhanaza Mohd Yunos Faculty of Nursing, PICOMS International University College, Taman Batu Muda, 68100, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Keywords: Learning style, psychology students, private university

Abstract

Learning style can be linked to a student's performance. Each student has a unique learning style according to their individual suitability. Lecturer also need to know the learning style preferred by students in order to help increase learning motivation and maximize the learning experience of their students. Accordingly, a quantitative survey design study was conducted on 80 students majoring in psychology at a private university in Perak. The main objective of this study was to identify the types of learning styles most preferred by students and their relationship to data demographics. Questionnaires related to four types of learning styles were distributed to students and analyzed with the help of SPSS software version 24.0. The results of the analysis of this study found that the most preferred learning style by the students of the study sample is the visual type learning style with an average mean score=23.48. The study also found that the demographic factors of gender and race had a positive significance with the learning style preferred by the students (p <0.05). Therefore, several recommendations have been put forward including improving the learning process of students such as improving education policies, maximizing ICT integration, corporatization of universities, diversifying university facilities and evaluation of the quality of teaching and learning sessions.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Awla, H. A. (2014). Learning styles and their relation to teaching styles. International Journal of Language and Linguistics, 2(3), 241-245. doi: 10.11648/j.ijll.20140203.23.

Ayeni,A. J. (2011). Teacher professional development and quality assurance in Nigeria secondary school. World Journal of Education, 1(2), 143-149.

Batista, G.D.P., Portilho, E.M.L., & Rufini, S.É. (2015). Evidence of validity for the teaching style questionnaire. Paidéia, 25(62), 317-324.

Clark, S.D., & Latshaw, C.A. (2012). Effects of learning styles/teaching styles and effort on performance in accounting and marketing courses. World Journal of Management, 4(1), 6781.

Farida, I.A.A. (2018). Matching teaching and learning styles in developing students’ oral fluency and competence. A case study of first year students of English of Nyala University, Khartoum, Sudan. Doctoral dissertation. Sudan: Ministry of Higher Education.

Gono, K. (2002). Gaya pembelajaran pelajar kursus kejuruteraan di Institut Teknologi Perindustrian YPJ Johor Bahru, Johor. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Education.

Husin, M.R., Shukor, & Jusoh, A.J. (2011). Menilai gaya pembelajaran murid sukar belajar dalam mata pelajaran Pendidikan Islam dan j-QAF. Prosiding International Conference and Exhibition on Research in Islamic and Arabic Language Education 2011, 26-28 September 2011. Hotel Awana Porto Malai Langkawi, Kedah, Malaysia.

Jonassen, D., & Grabowski, B. (2010). Handbook of individual differences, learning & instruction. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Karatas, E., & Yalin, H.E. (2021). The impact of matching learning-teaching styles on students’ academic achievement. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 92, 377-402.

Klavas, A. (2012). Learning style program boosts achievement and test scores. Clearing House. 67(3): 149.

Mohamad, B., & Hasyim, I. (2010). Gaya pengajaran dan pembelajaran. Kuala Lumpur: PTS Professional.

Özyurt, Ö., & Özyurt, H. (2015). Learning style based individualized adaptive e-learning environments: Content analysis of the articles published from 2005 to 2014. Computers in Human Behavior, 5, 349-358.

O’Dwyer, A. (2010). Analysis of engineering students learning styles on level 7, level 8 and level 9 programmes. 3rd International Symposium for Engineering Education. Ireland: University College Cork, Ireland.

Phipps, R.A. (2015). Measuring quality in internet-based higher education. International Higher Education, 20, 2–3.

Pürbudak, A., & Usta, E. (2021). Collaborative group activities in the context of learning styles on web 2.0 environments: An experimental study. Participatory Educational Research, 8(2), 407-420. http://www.perjournal.com

Purwanto, N. (2011). Psikologi pendidikan. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya

Schoen, J.L. (2018). Congruency of learning styles and teaching styles on performance outcomes of certified nurse aide students. Doctoral dissertation. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University.

Uğur, B., Akkoyunlu, B., & Kurbanoğlu, S. (2011). Students’ opinions on blended learning and its implementation in terms of their learning styles. Education and Information Technologies, 16(1), 5–23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-009-9109-9

Wesonga, F.M. (2019). Instructional strategies and learning styles as predictors of high school students’ academic performance in physics practical in Kenya. International Conference on Future of Education, 2(1), P01-11.

Willingham, D.T. (2009). Do visual, auditory, and kinesthetic learners need visual, auditory, and kinesthetic instruction? American Educator, 29(2), 31-35.

Yahaya, A., & Abdul Karim, S. (2010). Kajian hubungan di antara gaya pembelajaran dengan pencapaian akademik pelajar Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Ulu Tiram. Johor: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Yahaya, A., Ghaffar, M.N., & Damiri, N. (2009). Kajian ciri-ciri personaliti dalam pemilihan kerjaya pelajar, gaya pembelajaran pelajar dan hubungannya dengan pencapaian akademik. Johor: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Published
2021-11-23
How to Cite
Abu Bakar, N. A., Zorkarphy, N. Z., Mohd Jaafar, M. F. F., & Mohd Yunos, N. (2021). Learning Styles among Bachelor of Psychology Students at Private University, Perak. Evaluation Studies in Social Sciences, 10, 78-83. https://doi.org/10.37134//esss.vol10.sp.13.2021