Bullying Intervention Programme at the Classroom Level for Primary School Children
The objectives of this study were to investigate (i) the prevalence of bullying and victimization of bullying among primary school children, and (ii) the effectiveness of a classroom bully intervention programme that was carried out on a group of primary school teachers, based on children’s perspective. This study used a pre and post-test intervention design without a control group. A total of 235 primary school pupils from six schools who were selected purposively by the state religious education department, became the respondents in this study. These pupils had followed classroom lessons that spanned a time period of three months that addressed the issue of bullying in selected primary school subjects. Prior to the classroom intervention, these pupils answered a questionnaire on four types of bullying and being victims of bullying, namely physical, verbal, relational, and cyber. After three months following the lessons, the same pupils again completed the same questionnaire that was given before the intervention. In addition to descriptive statistics, the paired sample t-test was used to analyze the data. The findings of this study showed significant reductions in the four types of bullying and victimization of bullying.
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