Social support moderating effect between work-family conflict and health and stress of working students in UPSI
Keywords:Health, Social Support, Stress, Work-family Conflict (WFC), Working Students
There have been many studies addressing work-family conflict (WFC) among employees working in an organization. The focus of this study is to address the WFC faced by adults who are currently working and studying at the same time and examine its relationship with their health and stress condition. In addition, this study also examines the moderating effect of social support between WFC and working student’s health and stress condition. The sample for this study consists of working students enrolling in part-time programs in Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia. Questionnaires were distributed to students pursuing part-time programs in Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris. The questionnaire was developed based on past literature and proposed research framework. The questionnaire consists of questions regarding WFC, Stress, Health, Social Supports and demography questions. Finding from the research indicated that WFC faced by working students in UPSI does significantly relate to Stress, Health, and Social Support. As for the moderation effect, this study found that social support does significantly moderate the relationship between WFC and working students stress condition but not with health. Suggestions on actions that need to be engaged in unravelling WFC matters among working students need to be constructed. Policies and plans on how to mitigate WFC were suggested. This is to help policymakers and government to introduce relevant initiatives so that working adults’ special needs can be fulfilled, thus reducing WFC faced by them.
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