A Proposed Conceptual Framework for Malaysian Graduates’ Competencies


  • Rajaletchumy Mani Department of Business and Public Administration, Faculty of Business and Finance, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, 31900 Kampar, Perak, Malaysia
  • Wan Salmuni Wan Mustaffa Department of Business Management and Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Management and Economics, Sultan Idris Education University, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia




Malaysian Graduates, Employability, Competency


The competencies of Malaysian graduates are consistently a concern to the universities, industry partners, and other stakeholders. Previous studies have given limited evidence regarding the existence of a set of competencies for graduates of the profession. Accordingly, this paper aims to propose a conceptual framework for Malaysian graduates’ competencies. The proposed framework contains five competencies for Malaysian graduates namely threshold competencies, distinguishing competencies, task requirements competencies, communication and language competencies, and creativity and innovation competencies. The framework presents practical implications, particularly for higher education institutions and educators. This framework can broadly be adapted to guide university education in designing academic programs by incorporating a balance of skills and personal qualities to accommodate the current and future job market requirements. An empirical investigation should be conducted by future researchers to verify the proposed framework for Malaysian graduates’ competencies.


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How to Cite

Mani, R., & Wan Salmuni Wan Mustaffa. (2024). A Proposed Conceptual Framework for Malaysian Graduates’ Competencies. International Business Education Journal, 17(1), 109–117. https://doi.org/10.37134/ibej.Vol17.1.9.2024