International Business Education Journal <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>International Business Education Journal (IBEJ) [ISSN 1985 2126]</strong> is an international peer-reviewed journal published <strong>twice a year (June &amp; December starting from 2020)</strong> by the Faculty of Management and Economics (Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris) and Penerbit Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris. It aims to become the leading multi-disciplinary, open access, online academic journal in the field of current matters. The IBEJ is dedicated to promote original research and insightful debate by publishing original academic articles, analytical and simulation models, empirical research, policy analysis and book reviews across a number of disciplines, including economic education, accounting education, business, education and social sciences.</p> en-US (Norlaile Salleh Hudin) (Mdm. Asiah Abd Rahman) Tue, 18 Feb 2020 09:34:45 +0000 OJS 60 Factors Affecting Students’ Academic Performance in Higher Education: Evidence from Accountancy Degree Programme <p style="text-align: justify;">The increasing demands for accountants in the future have resulted in an increased number of students enrolling in the accounting programmes of Malaysian universities. This expansion, however, has caused some concern about whether these students are likely to succeed in their studies. This study, therefore, aims to examine the factors that drive the academic performance of accounting students at Malaysian universities. The factors included gender, ethnic groups, type of secondary school, sponsorship, and family income. The students’ academic performance was represented by their cumulative grade point average (CGPA) obtained at the end of their programs. The study used a quantitative research design using secondary data of 367 undergraduate accounting students graduated in 2016 from the Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM) for analysis. The findings suggested that there were significant differences in students’ academic performance related to ethnic groups, type of secondary school, and family income. Specifically, Malay, Indian, and other students performed less well than did Chinese students. Gender and sponsorship, however, had no significant influence on their academic performance. The study’s findings could help higher learning institutions, parents, and policymakers to formulate effective intervention mechanisms and to introduce a more holistic approach to improve student performance.</p> Haslinda Hassan, Rosli Mohamad, Raja Haslinda Raja Mohd Ali, Yurita Yakimin Abdul Talib, Hafizah Mohamad Hsbollah ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 18 Feb 2020 09:34:29 +0000 The Gallery Walk Teaching and Learning and Its Potential Impact on Students’ Interest and Performance <p style="text-align: justify;">Gallery Walk has the potential to improve the effectiveness of teaching and learning. Many teachers have especially been interested in using this strategy as a means of providing learning opportunities. This paper explores and discusses the definition of gallery walk, and the potential of this approach and its limitations. This article discusses the advantages of gallery walk and shows that researchers are still wondering on how gallery walk will help reaching the goals of a better learning, and how it will be different from the rest of learning method. This study can become a guidance or reference for educators, and researchers in the field.</p> Mazdalifa Makmun, Khoo Yin Yin, Zainizam Zakariya ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 09 Mar 2020 07:59:47 +0000 Board diversity, company’s financial performance and corporate social responsibility information disclosure in Malaysia <p style="text-align: justify;">The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between board diversity, financial performance and disclosure of corporate social responsibility (CSR) information of the Malaysian listed companies. Different from prior literature, board diversity is viewed from the perspective of gender, age, tenure, educational level, professional membership and functional background. We used one explanation i.e. diversity as variety, out of three explanations from a typology in social psychological and organizational management fields. The sample consists of 205 companies listed on Bursa Malaysia. Using regression analysis, a significant positive relationship was noted between the functional backgrounds of directors and the companies’ financial performance. The result shows that boards should have diversity in their functional background. The other forms of board diversity such as gender, age, tenure, educational level and professional membership have been found not to influence companies’ financial performance. Board professional membership diversity was found to significantly increase the CSR information disclosure. However, other forms of board diversity were found not to influence the CSR information disclosure. These findings may suggest that corporate boards should have diversity in their functional background and professional membership in order to enhance companies’ financial performance and CSR information disclosure.</p> Lily Suriana Hassan, Norman Mohd Saleh, Izani Ibrahim ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 19 Mar 2020 10:11:34 +0000 Entrepreneurship education: Orang Asli and learning experience <p style="text-align: justify;">Understanding entrepreneurship concept is indispensable in formal education system to support entrepreneurship education especially in school and higher education institutions. However, the need to understand entrepreneurship concept is essential and important as every individual has the potential to be an entrepreneurs. This study aims to assess the understanding of entrepreneurship concept among Orang Asli after playing a game; and to remark the emotional connotation after playing the game. This paper employed qualitative method in the form of observation and interview with 20 Orang Asli Semai in Perak state. The findings indicated that most participants showed basic understanding of entrepreneurship and developed positive connotation while playing the game. The study drew attention to the importance of learning through playing in non-formal learning especially among the Orang Asli community.</p> Ahmad Amri Zainal Adnan, Siti Asma' Mohd Rosdi, Norsamsinar Samsudin ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 30 Mar 2020 07:26:44 +0000 The anticipation of working experiences among students from private institutes in Klang Valley: A qualitative perspective <p style="text-align: justify;">As university students are entering a competitive workforce, getting a desirable job has become more demanding. Many universities offer industrial training or internship placements in their degree programmes. Thus, this study provides a qualitative perspective of anticipation of working experiences among university students in Klang Valley. This study is carried out in the form of face-to-face semi-structured interviews with ten university students in Klang Valley. The contents are analyzed by its content and code in themes. The results show that the anticipations of working experiences among university students fall into a few categories which are; relevant education, purposes and importance of working experiences as well as the challenges faced in the workforce. This study closes the gap between workforce expectation and students’ impractical expectations as it gives university students a better insight about working experience especially during their studies so that they can pre-plan their future. Overall, this study can benefit future university students by improving their expected skills which will lead to higher employers’ satisfaction.</p> Kyra Law, Wei Xin Kue ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 07 May 2020 00:31:33 +0000 Determinants of Systematic Risk : Empirical Evidence from Shariah Compliants Firms Listed on Bursa Malaysia <p style="text-align: justify;">This paper is aimed at advancing empirical indications on micro variable factors determining systematic risk in <em>Shariah</em> complaints firms listed on Bursa Malaysia.&nbsp; This paper also attempts to identify whether the <em>Shariah</em> compliant firms are showing the same micro variables factors that determine systemic risk.&nbsp; The systematic issues have become the main concern to many related parties such as policy makers, investors and stakeholders as systematic risk is unable to be removed through diversification. <em>Shariah</em> compliant firms have their own unique systematic risk owing to their difference in business philosophy. A hypothesis between the relationship of the firms-specific micro variable factors and systemic risk are established on foregoing studies and theoretical framework respectively, and analyzed using the Fixed Effects Model tested on the data from 80 listed companies covering a period from 2009 to 2018. The results show that leverage and growth are the most significant factors of the systematic risk of Shariah compliant firms. Therefore, high leverage and growth firms are considered to be high risk for investment in Malaysia capital market.</p> Mohamad Nizam Jaafar, Amirul Afif Muhamat, Mohd Faizal Basri, Sharifah Faigah Syed Alwi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 13 May 2020 04:54:29 +0000 Competition-based Learning Strategy of the Online Introductory Accounting Quiz for Non-accounting Majors <p class="abstract-text" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="color: windowtext;" lang="EN-GB">In colleges and universities, competition-based learning strategy is one of the ways used by instructors to overcome students’ challenges in their learning process. An investigation on the non-accounting major students’ perception on participating in the online accounting quiz competition for the Introduction to Financial Accounting and Reporting course has been carried out. The questionnaire was specifically developed and distributed to students from the Diploma in Computer Science, Diploma in Public Administration, Diploma in Tourism Management and Diploma in Office Management and Technology programs of Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sarawak Branch, who underwent the course in Semester March 2018. Descriptive statistics were performed to achieve the objective of this paper. Overall, the respondents and participants have mixed feelings that the online quiz was effective for learning in an accounting course. The Competition-based Learning strategy explains that the non-accounting students intend to get the certificate from the involvement in the online quiz competition. The limitations and future research opportunities are also provided in this paper.<span class="apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></span></p> Afaf Izzati Nafhah Radzi, Dayang Nazari Awang Drahman, Corina Joseph, Mariam Rahmat, Khadijah Suria ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 29 May 2020 07:17:19 +0000 Transformational Leadership and Organizational Change: In The Context of Today’s Leader <p style="text-align: justify;">Today’s leader deals with many challenges in enacting roles as agents of change. &nbsp;Extremely uncertain and rapidly changing in a dynamic environment become a crucial problem for a leader in mobilizing organizational change. It is imperative for a leader to adopt a strategic approach to drive organizational change effectively for establishing organizational improvement and sustainability. This article reviews transformational leadership as an effective model to drive organizational change in the context of today’s organization leader. Although, there is still controversy about the significant leadership style for establishing changes, the results of previous studies have proven that transformational leadership is a specific approach to achieve the success of organizational change in today's environment.</p> Muliati Usman ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 29 May 2020 07:29:50 +0000 Factors Impacting Research Productivity of Academic Staff at the Iraqi Higher Education system <p style="text-align: justify;">Research productivity is a vital element in enhancing the university ranking and, it is an important metric to measure the performance of academic staff. The purpose of this study is to identify the factors impacting research productivity of academic staff at Cihan University Erbil, Iraq. A survey was carried out among 87 academic staff randomly selected at the university to determine the impact of Fund, Collaboration, Information and Communication Technology (ICT), and Job Satisfaction on Research Productivity. The data was analyzed by using Smart PLS 3.2.9. The results indicated that Fund, Collaboration, ICT and Job Satisfaction had positive and significant impact on Research Productivity, although Fund has the highest impact on Research Productivity. The implication of this study is the management of universities should pay greater attention on &nbsp;research funding opportunities, rewarding collaboration among researchers, enabling ICT and improving job satisfaction to boost research productivity of the academic staff. For future research, it is recommended to measure the mediating roles of the variables and consider sampling academic staff from other universities to increase generalizability.</p> Alaa S Jameel, Abd Rahman Ahmad ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 May 2020 16:58:24 +0000 Influence of Resilience on Survival of Small and Medium Enterprises <p style="text-align: justify;">The study assessed the influence of resilience skill for the survival of SMEs in Edo State. Two research questions guided the study, while research question two was hypothesized and tested. 236 respondents were used using a proportionate sampling technique from a population of 1117 business owners. This is 23.63% of the population. A descriptive survey was used. A reliability coefficient of 0.77 was obtained with the use of Cronbach alpha formula. Data were obtained with the aid of a questionnaire. The research question was answered with mean, while t-test for the hypothesis. From the result, it was discovered that resilience skill influences SMEs survival. The two groups of entrepreneurs used for the study did not show any significant difference in possession of resilience skill for SMEs survival. It was concluded that resilience skill is needed by entrepreneurs to a high extent. It was also concluded that males do not differ significantly from female entrepreneurs in possessing resilience skill for SMEs survival. Consequently, it was recommended that appraisal of SMEs operations should be on a consistent basis to check for lapses, make improvement and increase customers’ goodwill, among others.</p> Robinson Osarumwense Owenvbiugie ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 May 2020 17:08:38 +0000