Geo-politics, American Security Alliance and the North East Asian Regional Stability
This paper elaborates the geo-politics, the American security Alliance and the North East Asian regional stability during the Cold War period (especially in the early decades after the outbreak of the Cold War in Asia). The American security alliance in the North East Asian region is different with the American security alliance in the other region. The American formed bilateral security alliance with the pro-American powers in the North East Asian region; The U.S.-Japan Alliance 1951, The U.S.-South Korea Bilateral Agreement 1953 and the U.S.-Republic of China (Taiwan) in 1954. These bilateral agreements that were signed in the early years of the Cold War still effective and play their role in the today regional power configuration. The objectives of the study are: to explore why the American security Alliance with his alliance state in the North East Asia is totally different with the American security alliance in the other region. In the other region the American created multi-lateral alliance, such as NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) in North Atlantic/Europe and SEATO (south East Asia Treaty Organization) in South East Asian region. There is no NEATO (North East Asia Treaty Organization) in the North East Asian region. This study concludes the factor of geo-politics, domestic and leadership factors in the American alliance state in the North East Asia and the structure of communist powers in the North East Asia influenced the American to create the bilateral security alliance rather than a multi-lateral. The Bilateral security structure give the American more power in controlling security decision and creating better degree of North East Asian regional stability.
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