TAKAFUL AND CONVENTIONAL INSURANCE IN MALAYSIA: AN OVERVIEW
In this paper the status of takaful and insurance in shari’ah and their operational mode were examined. To arrive at these findings and the discussions in this paper, reference was made to papers presented at various Islamic finance conferences, views and fatwas made by Islamic scholars and to some extent the sayings of Allah (S.W.T) and Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) as carried in the Qur’an and Hadith, respectively. The basic concept of both takaful and insurance are viewed by many scholars as the same, in that the main objectives of both is that of providing protection against loss of properties and livelihood explained in Islam as `ikhtiar’. It is unanimously agreed that the differences between the two forms of insurance is the mode of operating them. While takaful is based on Shari’ah compliant principles for example paying premiums on the basis of tabarru and devoid of interest, it was identified that conventional insurance contains 3 Shari’ah non-compliant elements namely; gharar (uncertainty), riba (interest) and maysir (gambling) which makes it unlawful in Shari’ah. The differences in the operational modes of the two are highlighted and the conflicting points of conventional insurance with the Shari’ah are addressed.
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