Jurnal Pendidikan Bitara UPSI https://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/index.php/JPB <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Jurnal Pendidikan Bitara UPSI (BITARA) [ISSN 1394-7176]</strong>. Published <strong>twice a year (June &amp; December)</strong> by Faculty of Human Development, Sultan Idris Education University. It published academic writings and refereed research reports regarding issues on education. Articles are published in Malay and English. The editorial contents are ownership of Sultan Idris Education University. The authors of signed contributions are alone responsible for statements and opinion in them. All articles that have been submitted will be evaluated through double blind method where the writer and the evaluator did not know each other.</p> PKM UPSI en-US Jurnal Pendidikan Bitara UPSI 1394-7176 A preliminary study on the recommended fitness test on students with visually-impaired: An alternative to SEGAK? https://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/index.php/JPB/article/view/3306 <p style="text-align: justify;">SEGAK Test (Standard Kecergasan Penilaian Kebangsaan) known as the fitness test for students in Malaysia, but the test relevancy with students with disabilities can be questioned. For that, an effort been taking to design a test battery specifically for students with visually-impaired. Purpose of the study was to investigate the differences of fitness level on fitness test protocols on students with visual impairments. For the preliminary study, a total of thirty students (N=30) were selected where 14 were females and 16 were male students aged between 13 to 19 years old and all the participants currently are studying at Sekolah Menengah Pendidikan Khas (cacat penglihatan) Setapak, Kuala Lumpur. The participants were divided into three (3) groups based on the visual impairments classes which are B1, B2 and B3. Therefore, B1 had 12 participants, B2 had 15 participants and B3 had three (3) participants. All the participants were tested with the fitness tests that are a) one-mile run/walk test, b) curl up test, c) isometric push up test and d) sit and reach test. The results revealed that there was no significant difference in BMI, isometric push up, curl up, one-mile run/walk and sit and reach (p &gt; 0.05). In a conclusion, a test battery needs to be designed for students with disabilities especially students with visually-impaired.</p> Nagoor Meera Abdullah Siti Nurfarahah Mt Desa Asiah Mohd Pilus Wahidah Tumijan Mohamad Nizam Mohamed Shapie ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-13 2020-02-13 13 1 1 8 A qualitative case study on handling electronic media-exposed kindergarten children: Challenges and strategies https://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/index.php/JPB/article/view/3307 <p style="text-align: justify;">According to thestaronline.com on 10th August 2016, there seems to be a growing concern on the extensive usage of electronic media by young children in Malaysia. The purpose of this research was to analyze the methods adopted by schools in introducing intervention measures to these children. A qualitative case study approach was adapted for this research, with 3 participants, sampled through purposeful sampling. A triangulation method was adopted where data was collected through semi structure interviews, various levels of observations and examination of existing datas to generate qualitative themes. The themes found from this research were <em>children’s executive function, role and responsibilities of the school, role and responsibilities of other stakeholders </em>and<em> the cause and effects of the interventions.</em>The study found that awareness needs to be created among young parents on the tolerable level of gadget exposure. Wider dissemination of knowledge and information about the proper use of the electronic devices shall be another effort that need to be given attention. Diagnosing the cause early could also help children in getting early interventions by the school and parents while getting the necessary medical treatment.</p> Diyana Kamarudin Nur Izwa Mohd Nasaruddin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-13 2020-02-13 13 1 9 16 Motivasi intrinsik dan kemahiran berfikir kritis dalam pembelajaran sejarah berasaskan analisis sumber-sumber teks: Satu kajian faktorial https://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/index.php/JPB/article/view/2059 <p style="text-align: justify;">Kajian eksperimen dengan reka bentuk faktorial 2 X 2 ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji kesan pembelajaran sejarah berasaskan analisis sumber-sumber teksterhadap motivasi intrinsikberdasarkan kemahiran berfikir kritis.Kajian ini melibatkan seramai 111 orang murid Tingkatan Empat dari dua buah sekolah menengah harian di sebuah negeri di utara Semenanjung Malaysia.Instrumen kajian ini terdiri daripada ujian pemikiran kritis dan soal selidik <em>Intrinsic Motivation Inventory</em>yang diadaptasi yang telah disahkan oleh pakar penilai dalam bidang sejarah serta mempunyai nilai kebolehpercayaan yang baik.Data kajian ini dianalisis secara deskriptif dan inferensi iaitu ujian-t Sampel Tak Bersandar dan ujian <em>ANOVA </em>Dua Hala.Dapatan kajian ini menunjukkan bahawa terdapat perbezaan min motivasi intrinsik yang signifikan antara kumpulan eksperimen dan kumpulan kawalan.Selain itu, dapatan kajian ini juga menunjukkan bahawa terdapat perbezaan min motivasi intrinsik yang signifikan bagi murid kemahiran berfikir kritis tinggi (KBKT) antara kumpulan eksperimen dengan kumpulan kawalan.Namun begitu, dapatan kajian ini turut menunjukkan bahawa tidak terdapat perbezaan min motivasi intrinsik yang signifikan bagi murid kemahiran berfikir kritis rendah (KBKR) antara kumpulan eksperimen dengan kumpulan kawalan.Tambahan pula, dapatan kajian juga mendapati bahawa terdapat kesan interaksi yang signifikan antara kaedah pengajaran dan kemahiran berfikir kritis terhadap min motivasi intrinsik.Kajian diharapkan dapat dijadikan sumber rujukan kepada guru-guru sejarah dalam merancang aktiviti pengajaran dan pembelajaran sejarah yang inovatif berasaskann sumber-sumber teks dengan memberikan perhatian kepada ciri-ciri pemikiran yang wujud dalam diri murid.</p> <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>The experimental study with factorial design 2 X 2 was aimed to identify the effect of history learning based on the analysis of the text sources on intrinsic motivation based on critical thinking skills. This study involved a total of 111 Form Four students from two secondary schools in a state in the north of Peninsular Malaysia. The adapted thinking test and Intrinsic Motivation Inventory questionnaire which has been verified by content expert and has good reliability value were instrument in this study. The data of this study were analyzed descriptively and inferred such as Independent Sample t-Test and the Two-Way ANOVA Test. The findings showed that there is a significant mean difference in intrinsic motivation between experimental groups and control groups. The findings also showed that there are significant mean differencein intrinsic motivation for students of high critical thinking skills (KBKT) between experimental groups and control groups. However, the findings alsoindicated that there is no significant mean difference in intrinsic motivation for students of low critical thinking skills (KBKR) between experimental groups and control groups. Furthermore, the findings also found that there was a significant interaction effect between the teaching method and the students' critical thinking skills toward intrinsic motivation. The study is expected to serve as a source of reference to history teachers in planning the innovative teaching and learning activities by using text sources with give attention to the characteristics of the students’ cognitive and thinking.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em>Text sources analysis, factorial study, critical thinking skills, intrinsicmotivation</em></p> M Kaviza ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-27 2020-03-27 13 1 17 26 The antecedents of subjective well-being of Javanese paramedics: The indigenous study https://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/index.php/JPB/article/view/2058 <p style="text-align: justify;">Regarding the Indonesia government’s program namely leading to the Healthy Indonesia to the year 2025, a study in 2016 showed that the paramedics with the Javanese ethnic background demanding increase on welfare. Whereas, the Javanese paramedics were well-known to hold the role of harmony which tended to avoid conflict and they are obedient and tolerant. Subjective wellbeing (SWB) becomes one of the important factors that can determine and increase the welfare. It is very important to investigate the antecedents of SWB among Javanese Paramedics to enhance their performance. This research is a qualitative study with interview to 15 Javanese paramedics that consisted of 11 woman and 4 man paramedics in the Health Office of Yogyakarta. The interview transcript was classified by three academics of psychology who understood the Javanese culture. Then, they were calculated to notice which antecedents that would have the big effect. The results indicated that there was difference between the antecedents of SWB in the previous research and the antecedents of SWB in Javanese Paramedics. The antecedent subjective well-being is divided into four categories, i.e. physical, psychics, social and religiosity. Woman tends more on instrumental values while man tends more on terminal values. This result will help the Health Department of Yogyakarta to make an appropriate intervention for their paramedics to increase SWB.</p> <p><span style="margin: 0px; color: black; line-height: 107%; font-family: 'Times New Roman','serif'; font-size: 12pt;" lang="EN-ID">&nbsp;</span></p> Alimatus Sahrah Reny Yuniasanti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-27 2020-03-27 13 1 27 35 Garis panduan guru: Pelaksanaan amalan zikir bagi kanak-kanak bermasalah tingkah laku agresif Berpandukan kanak-kanak autisma https://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/index.php/JPB/article/view/3114 <p style="text-align: justify;">Jenayah dalam kalangan kanak-kanak patut dipandang serius kerana terdapat banyak laporan akhbar menunjukkan kanak-kanak di Malaysia sudah mula terjebak dalam jenayah-jenayah esktrem. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk menguji kebolehgunaan elemen-elemen amalan zikir yang telah dibangunkan dalam Garis Panduan Guru terhadap kanak-kanak berusia empat hingga enam tahun yang bermasalah tingkah laku agresif di sebuah TADIKA berkonsep Islam di Bukit Mertajam, Pulau Pinang. Dua fasa yang terlibat dalam kajian ini adalah Fasa analisis keperluan dan pembangunan garis panduan guru (Fasa I) dan Fasa penilaian garis panduan guru (Fasa II). Kajian berbentuk kajian kes ini menggunakan kaedah penyelidikan berbentuk kualitatif dan 12 orang responden yang terdiri daripada enam orang guru dan enam orang ibu terlibat dalam kajian ini. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam kajian ini adalah analisis dokumen, pemerhatian, senarai semak kanak-kanak agresif dan set soalan temu bual. Hasil temu bual bersama responden dalam Fasa I telah dapat membangunkan Elemen Pelaksanaan Amalan Zikir untuk Kanak-kanak serta Elemen Pelaksanaan Amalan Zikir untuk Guru (Surah-surah) dan (Asmaul Husna). Hasil temu bual dalam Fasa II menunjukkan responden telah dapat melaksanakan amalan-amalan zikir yang terdiri daripada bacaan surah-surah seperti al-Fatihah, al-Ikhlas, al-Insyirah dan selawat nabi serta beberapa kalimah Asmaul husna bagi mengawal tingkah laku agresif kanak-kanak. Manakala kanak-kanak yang dibimbing guru untuk melakukan amalan-amalan zikir seperti bertahmid, bertakbir, bertahlil, berselawat, beristighfar dan bertasbih telah dapat mengawal tingkah laku beremosi untuk menjadi lebih terkawal. Kesimpulannya, Garis Panduan Guru ini membantu mengawal tingkah laku agresif kanak-kanak di TADIKA ini supaya menjadi lebih terkawal. Implikasi kajian ini adalah kerjasama yang lebih erat diperlukan oleh guru dan ibu bapa bagi melaksanakan amalan zikir ini di TADIKA serta rumah supaya tingkah laku agresif kanak-kanak dapat dikawal.</p> NoorFarah Asmira Abdul Malek ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-06 2020-04-06 13 1 36 54