Differences music tempo towards gym users emotion

  • Rozita Abdul Latif Faculty of Sport Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Seremban Campus, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Fariez Idrus Faculty of Sport Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Seremban Campus, Malaysia
Keywords: fast tempo, slow tempo, several of emotion, UiTM Seremban 3


Music can give influence on a lot of thing. It was known as one of the sources for entertainment. It has been classified to regulate emotion, grab attention, for lift the spirit and increased work output. Nowadays, people love listening to music believed that it entertains them and thus helps to motivate the person to continue the activity. The aim of this study was to determine the differences music tempo towards emotion among gym users in UiTM Seremban 3. Sixty participants, which were gym users that attended to the gym in UiTM Seremban 3. Subjects were randomly assigned into three different groups (n=20 in each). Group 1 fast tempo (>120 bpm), group2 slow tempo (<90 bpm) and group 3 control group that without music. The result showed that there was significant effect on different music tempo towards emotion in group 1 and group 2 as compared to group 3, Wilks’s Lambda = 0.74, F(1,57) = 19.93, p<0.0005). In terms of emotion variables, group 1 revealed the best effect for anger (p<0.007), happiness (p<0.001) and anxiety (p<0.001) as compared to group 2 and group 3. From this study, it may help recreational athlete or exercisers to choose wisely the music selection during activity or exercise. Exercising while listening to fast tempo had positive effect on various emotion. Every sport performers or coaches can use this idea to get better training or performing activity.


Download data is not yet available.


Bird, J. M., Hall, J., Arnold, R., Karageorghis, C. I., & Hussein, A. (2016). Effects of music and music-video on core affect during exercise at the lactate threshold. Psychology of Music, 44(6), 1471–1487.

Cevasco, A. M., Kennedy, R., & Generally, N. R. (2005). Comparison of movement-to-music, rhythm activities, and competitive games on depression, stress, anxiety, and anger of females in substance abuse rehabilitation. Journal of Music Therapy, 42(1), 64-80.

Coutinho, E., & Scherer, K. R. (2017). The effect of context and audio-visual modality on emotions elicited by a musical performance. Psychology of Music, 45(4), 550–569.

Edworthy, J., & Waring, H. (2006). The effects of music tempo and loudness level on treadmill exercise. Ergonomics, 49(15), 1597-1610.

Fakhrhosseini, S. M., Landry, S., Tan, Y. Y., Bhattarai, S., & Jeon, M. (2014, September). If you're angry, turn the music on: Music can mitigate anger effects on driving performance. In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications (pp. 1-7).

Fernández-Sotos, A., Fernández-Caballero, A., & Latorre, J. M. (2016). Influence of tempo and rhythmic unit in musical emotion regulation. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, 10, 80.

Fritz, T. H., Halfpaap, J., Grahl, S., Kirkland, A., & Villringer, A. (2013). Musical feedback during exercise machine workout enhances mood. Frontiers in Psychology, 4(DEC), 1–7.

Hallett, R., & Lamont, A. (2015). How do gym members engage with music during exercise? Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 7(3), 411–427.

Hallett, R., & Lamont, A. (2017). Music Use in Exercise: A Questionnaire Study. Media Psychology, 20(4), 658–684.

Hewston, R. M. ., Lane, A. M., & Karageorghis, C. I. (2008). Development and initial validation of the music mood-regulation scale (MMRS). European Journal of Applied Physiology, 4, 15–22.

Hunter, P. G., Schellenberg, E. G., & Schimmack, U. (2010). Feelings and perceptions of happiness and sadness induced by music: Similarities, differences, and mixed emotions. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 4(1), 47.

Jamshidzad, M., Maghsoudipour, M., Zakerian, S. A., Bakhshi, E., & Coh, P. (2018). Impact of music type on motor coordination task performance among the introverted and extroverted students. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 0(0), 1–19.

Karageorghis, C. I., Jones, L., & Low, D. C. (2006). Relationship between exercise heart rate and music tempo preference. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 77(2), 240-250.

Kumar, K., & K, P. P. D. S. (2016). Effect of music during exercise on rate of perceived exertion & mood status. International Journal of Medical Research and Review, 4(9), 1706–1712.

Moors, A., Ellsworth, P. C., Scherer, K. R., & Frijda, N. H. (2013). Appraisal theories of emotion: State of the art and future development. Emotion Review, 5(2), 119-124.

Rane, P. R., & Gadkari, J. V. (2017). The effect of slow and fast musical tempo on post-exercise recovery on recovery period in young adults. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7(1), 22.

Savitha, D., Mallikarjuna, R. N., & Rao, C. (2010). Effect of different musical tempo on post-exercise recovery in young adults. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 54(1), 32-36.

Khalfa, S., Schon, D., Anton, J. L., & Liégeois-Chauvel, C. (2005). Brain regions involved in the recognition of happiness and sadness in music. Neuroreport, 16(18), 1981-1984.

Tamir, M., Mitchell, C., & Gross, J. J. (2008). Hedonic and instrumental motives in anger regulation. Psychological Science, 19(4), 324-328.

Thakur, A. M., & Yardi, S. S. (2013). Effect of different types of music on exercise performance in normal individuals. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 57(4), 448–451.

Waterhouse, J., Hudson, P., & Edwards, B. (2010). Effects of music tempo upon submaximal cycling performance. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 20(4), 662-669.

Wertheim, L. J. (2005). Sport Psychology. Tennis, 41(9), 88.
How to Cite
Abdul Latif, R., & Idrus, M. F. (2020). Differences music tempo towards gym users emotion. Jurnal Sains Sukan & Pendidikan Jasmani, 9(2), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.37134/jsspj.vol9.2.1.2020