Relationship between Height, Leg Strength, Speed and Agility Factors among Under-18 Basketball Players in Sabah

Hubungan antara Faktor Ketinggian, Kekuatan Kaki, Kelajuan dan Ketangkasan Pemain Bola Keranjang Lelaki Bawah 18 Tahun di Sabah

  • Teck Hing Yaw Fakulti Psikologi dan Pendidikan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, MALAYSIA
  • Pathmanathan Suppiah Fakulti Psikologi dan Pendidikan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, MALAYSIA
  • Hasnol Noordin Fakulti Psikologi dan Pendidikan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, MALAYSIA
Keywords: agility, height, length strength, speed

Abstract

Anthropometric (height) and physical fitness factors (leg strength, speed and agility) are among the contributing factors that influence the achievement of a basketball player. This ex post-facto study aimed to assess the relationship between height, leg strength, speed, and agility of male basketball players under 18-year in Sabah. A total of 144 players who participated in the Sabah Schools Sports Council 2020 Championship were recruited as subjects of the study. The physical fitness test instruments used were the Standing Long Jump Test, 30-metre Sprint Test, and 10-metre Shuttle Run to assess the leg strength, speed and agility, respectively. The subject’s physical height was measured in centimetres using a measuring tape. The findings showed that there was a significant relationship between height and speed (rs = -.199, p = .017), as well as speed and agility (rs = .359, p <.000) among male basketball players. However, the relationship of height- leg strength (rs = .066, p = .431), leg strength-speed (rs = .159, p = .056), and leg strength-agility (rs = .074, p = .379) male basketball players were insignificant. In conclusion, the speed and agility levels of male basketball players are parallel, and higher physical height does not increase a person’s running speed. Therefore, the outcome of the study might assist basketball coaches in schools to design training programs based on the height, leg strength, speed, and agility of the player.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdelkrim, N. Ben, Chaouachi, A., Chamari, K., Chtara, M., & Castagna, C. (2010). Positional role and competitive-level differences in elite-level men’s basketball players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24(5), 1346–1355. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181cf7510

Alejandro, V., Santiago, S., Gerardo, V. J., Carlos, M. J., & Vicente, G. T. (2015). Anthropometric characteristics of Spanish professional basketball players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 46(1), 99–106. https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2015-0038

Alogaili, W., Marinescu, G., & Hisham, H. (2018). The Relantionship Between Certain Fitness Components and Anthropometry In Basketball Defence For Juniors. Discobolul - Physical Education, Sport & Kinetotherapy Journal, 54(1), 35–40.

Anne Delextrat, D. C. (2004). Strength, Power, Speed and Agility of Women Basketball Players According Playing Position. Jornal of Strengh and Conditioning Research, 23(7), 1974–1981.

Arede, J., Esteves, P., Ferreira, A. P., Sampaio, J., & Leite, N. (2019). Jump higher, run faster: effects of diversified sport participation on talent identification and selection in youth basketball. Journal of Sports Sciences, 37(19), 2220–2227. Retrieved from http://10.0.4.56/02640414.2019.1626114

Bogdanis, G. C., Ziagos, V., Anastasiadis, M., & Maridaki, M. (2007). Effects of two different short-term training programs on the physical and technical abilities of adolescent basketball players. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 10(2), 79–88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2006.05.007

Cengizel, E., Cengizel, Ç., & Öz, E. (2020). Effects of 4-month basketball training on speed, agility and jumping in youth basketball players. African Educational Research Journal, 8(2), 417–421. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.30918/aerj.82.20.089

Cui, Y., Liu, F., Bao, D., Liu, H., Zhang, S., & Gómez, M.-Á. (2019). Key anthropometric and physical determinants for different playing positions during national basketball association draft combine test. Frontiers in Psychology, 10(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02359

Ferioli, D., Rampinini, E., Bosio, A., La Torre, A., Azzolini, M., & Coutts, A. J. (2018). The physical profile of adult male basketball players: Differences between competitive levels and playing positions. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36(22), 2567–2574. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2018.1469241

Garcia-Gil, M., Torres-Unda, J., Esain, I., Duñabeitia, I., Gil, S. M., Gil, J., Garcia-Gil, M., Torres-Unda, J., Esain, I., Duñabeitia, I., Gil, S.M., Gil, J., Irazusta, J. (2018). Anthropometric Parameters, Age, and Agility as Performance Predictors in Elite Female Basketball Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 32(6), 1723–1730. https://doi.org/: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002043.

Ghiţescu, I. G., Tudor, V., & Moanţă, A. D. (2014). Study on the Development of Vertical Jumping Force in U18 Junior Basketball Players. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 117(2), 55–59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.02.178

Hoare, D. G. (2000). Predicting success in junior elite basketball players—the contribution of anthropometic and physiological attributes. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 3(4), 391–405.

Thomas, J. R., Nelson, J. K., & Silverman, S. J. (2015). Research methods in physical activity. Human kinetics.

Knapik, D., LaTulip, S., Salata, M., Voos, J., & Liu, R. (2019). Impact of Routine Gastrocnemius Stretching on Ankle Dorsiflexion Flexibility and Injury Rates in High School Basketball Athletes. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 7, 232596711983677. https://doi.org/10.1177/2325967119836774

Köklü, Y., Alemdaroǧlu, U., Koçak, F. Ü., Erol, A. E., & Findikoǧlu, G. (2011). Comparison of chosen physical fitness characteristics of turkish professional basketball players by division and playing position. Journal of Human Kinetics, 30(1), 99–106. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-011-0077-y

Küçük, H., Doğan, E., & Taşmektepligil, M. Y. (2014). The Comparision of Selected Physiological of Basketball Players According to Their Playing Positions. Kafkas Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 3(7), 32–41. https://doi.org/10.9775/kausbed.2014.005

Nalbant, Ö. (2018). The Effect of Suspension Workout on Agility and Forces Performance in Elite Basketball Players. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 6(6), 128. https://doi.org/10.11114/jets.v6i6.3257

Nikolaidis, P. T., Afonso, J., & Busko, K. (2015). Differences in anthropometry, somatotype, body composition and physiological characteristics of female volleyball players by competition level. Sport Sciences for Health, 11(1), 29–35. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-014-0196-7

Oliveira, G., Gantois, P., Faro, H., Duarte do Nascimento, P. H., Paes, P., Fortes, L., & Batista, G. (2018). Vertical jump and handgrip strength in basketball athletes by playing position and performance. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 18(1), 132–137. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2018.01017

Pehar, M., Sekulic, D., Sisic, N., Spasic, M., Uljevic, O., Krolo, A., … Sattler, T. (2017). Evaluation of different jumping tests in defining position-specific & performance-level differences in high level basketball players. Biology of Sport, 34. https://doi.org/10.5114/biolsport.2017.67122

Pion, J., Segers, V., Fransen, J., Debuyck, G., Deprez, D., Haerens, L., Lenoir, M. (2015). Generic anthropometric and performance characteristics among elite adolescent boys in nine different sports. European Journal of Sport Science, 15(5), 357–366. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2014.944875

Sekulic, D., Pehar, M., Krolo, A., Spasic, M., Uljevic, O., Calleja-González, J., & Sattler, T. (2017). Evaluation of basketball-specific agility:applicability of preplanned and nonplanned agility performances for differentiating playing positions and playing levels. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31(8), 2278–2288. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001646

Sisic, N., Jelicic, M., Pehar, M., Spasic, M., & Sekulic, D. (2016). Agility performance in high-level junior basketball players: the predictive value of anthropometrics and power qualities. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 56(7–8), 884–893.

Versic, S., Pehar, M., Modric, T., Pavlinovic, V., Spasic, M., Uljevic, O., … Sekulic, D. (2021). Bilateral symmetry of jumping and agility in professional basketball players: Differentiating performance levels and playing positions. Symmetry, 13(8), 12–22. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13081316

Published
2021-09-07
How to Cite
Yaw, T. H., Suppiah, P., & Noordin, H. (2021). Relationship between Height, Leg Strength, Speed and Agility Factors among Under-18 Basketball Players in Sabah. Jurnal Sains Sukan & Pendidikan Jasmani, 10(2), 50-56. https://doi.org/10.37134/jsspj.vol10.2.6.2021