Running designs that affect calories burned


  • Zahayu Md Yusof Universiti Utara Malaysia, Kedah, Malaysia
  • Masnita Misiran Universiti Utara Malaysia, Kedah, Malaysia
  • Adyda Ibrahim Universiti Utara Malaysia, Kedah, Malaysia



design of experiment, running, calories burning


Balanced between good diet and regular physical activity is among the important factors in avoiding unhealthy weight gain. Our objective in this study was to investigate the amount of calorie loss against a variety of running exercises. In this study, an experiment on running as a calorie burning physical activities was conducted. Two factors were selected, the distance, and the level of difficulties. The result and statistical analysis concluded that both factors play significant roles in burning calories, with distance as being the most significant factor. The findings also suggest that other than increasing the distance, choosing a hilly terrain when training can give more efficient calories burn. There is no interaction between distance and the level of difficulties. Individuals should plan their workout accordingly only after knowing how many calories they burned through each activity. For individual with aims to burn more calories, an increase in distance and a hilly terrain is more favorable.


Download data is not yet available.


Carey, D. G. (2009). Quantifying differences in the “fat burning” zone and the aerobic zone: implications for training. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 23(7), 2090-2095.

Garrett, N. A., Brasure, M., Schmitz, K. H., Schultz, M. M., & Huber, M. R. (2004). Physical inactivity: direct cost to
a health plan. American journal of preventive medicine, 27(4), 304-309.

Jakicic, J. M., & Rogers, R. J. (2013, June). The Importance of Physical Activity for Losing Weight, Maintaining
Weight, and Preventing Weight Gain Brief. Research DIGEST, 14(2).

Lee, I. M., Shiroma, E. J., Lobelo, F., Puska, P., Blair, S. N., & Katzmarzyk, P. T. (2012). Effect of physical inactivity
on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. The
Lancet, 380(9838), 219-229.

Macera, C. A. (2010). Promoting healthy eating and physical activity for healthier nation.

Norman, J. M. (2004). Running uphill: energy needs and Naismith's Rule. Journal of the Operational Research
Society, 55(3), 308-311.

Oldridge, N. B. (2008). Economic burden of physical inactivity: healthcare costs associated with cardiovascular
disease. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation, 15(2), 130-139.

Saris, W. H. M., Blair, S. N., van Baak, M. A., Eaton, S. B., Davies, P. S. W., Di Pietro, L., Wyatt, H. (2003). How much physical activity is enough to prevent unhealthy weight gain? Outcome of the IASO 1st Stock Conference and consensus statement. Obesity Reviews, 4(2), 101–114.

Takata, K., Tanaka, M., Ma, J., Huang, R., Apduhan, B. O., & Shiratori, N. (2007). A wearable system for outdoor
running workout state recognition and course provision. In Autonomic and Trusted Computing (pp. 385-394).
Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Taylor, A. H., & Dorn, L. (2006). Stress, fatigue, health, and risk of road traffic accidents among professional drivers: the contribution of physical inactivity. Annu. Rev. Public Health, 27, 371-391.

Wolin, K. Y., Luly, J., Sutcliffe, S., Andriole, G. L., & Kibel, A. S. (2010). Risk of urinary incontinence following
prostatectomy: the role of physical activity and obesity. The Journal of urology, 183(2), 629-633.

Zhao, N. (2010). Full-featured pedometer design realized with 3-Axis digital accelerometer. Analog Dialogue, 44(06).




How to Cite

Md Yusof, Z., Misiran, M., & Ibrahim, A. (2018). Running designs that affect calories burned. Jurnal Sains Sukan & Pendidikan Jasmani, 7(2), 103–112.