The Effectiveness of Judo Training through the Kata-Gategame and Kesa-Gategame Techniques Against Paraplegic Cerebral Palsy Individuals
Keywords:cerebal palsy, judo technique, coordination, upper body strength, gross motor
Muscle performance consists of not only strength but also muscle power, rate of force development, and muscular endurance. Although muscle weakness has long been considered one of the primary impairments that contribute to activity limitation in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP), other aspects of muscle performance have received far less attention. Continuous activity or training is said to affect the neuromuscular system and affect those elements. Therefore, this study attempts to examine the effects of judo training through Kata-Gateme and Kesa-Gateme techniques on individual diaplegic spastic cerebral palsy. This subject was classified with Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level III by physician and experience this problem since he was born. Subject will undergo a reclining training or known as Osekomi-waza which involves two basic techniques, namely kata-gateme technique (shoulder lock) and kesa-gateme technique (waist lock). This training will continue for six weeks with a frequency of 3 times per week and each session is for 90 minutes. The subjects' upper limb strength was measured using the One Stroke Push Test. The t-test showed there is no significant differences between pre and posttest with t(2) = -4.000, p = 0.057. However, the mean data between pre and post-test showed that there was a 52.70% improvement in upper limb strength. This study suggested that individual with CP will benefit from Kata-Gateme and Kesa-Gateme techniques but may need longer duration to improve his/her upper limb strength.
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