Export of Malaysia Rubber to the United States, 1970-1990

Eksport Getah Malaysia ke Amerika Syarikat, 1970-1990

  • Yih Hui Liew Jabatan Sejarah, Fakulti Sains Kemanusiaan, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
Keywords: Export, Rubber, Malaysia, United States, 1970-1990

Abstract

This study analyzes rubber exports in Malaysia to the United States from 1970 to 1990. The development of the relationship can be divided into two stages, namely 1970 to 1985 and 1986 to 1990. In 1970 to 1985 the Malaysian government began to emphasize economic development through the New Economic Policy (1970-1990) and implemented the National Agricultural Policy in 1984. On the other hand, in 1986 to 1990, the agricultural sector began to be taken over by the manufacturing sector while exports of agricultural products with the United States has begun to change it course to the ASEAN countries. Historical methodology is used in this study which is a qualitative method through historical study. The discussion in this study is to use primary sources obtained from the Kuala Lumpur National Archives and the National Statistics Department. Secondary sources consisting of journals, books, theses and newspapers obtained from the Sultan Idris Education University and the Sarawak State Archives were also used in the writing. The facts obtained are assessed and written in narrative form as well as emphasizing the aspects of the cause and effect. The research found that the development of Malaysian rubber exports to the United States is not only influenced by the government policies, policies and plans but also external factors such as the world market demand, global economic downturn and economic development of the United States. Knowledge of economic development as a result of rubber exports shows that the role of the rubber sector affected the economic development of a country. It proves that systematic agricultural development plans and programs are effective in developing the country's economy. An understanding of the history of the Malaysian economy from this aspect helps to provide an overview of the importance of relations with the United States to the development of the Malaysian economy.

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Published
2022-09-14
How to Cite
Liew, Y. H. (2022). Export of Malaysia Rubber to the United States, 1970-1990. Perspektif Jurnal Sains Sosial Dan Kemanusiaan, 14, 11-24. https://doi.org/10.37134/perspektif.vol14.sp.2.2022