The effects of project based learning in mandarin language speaking skill
Kesan Pembelajaran Berasaskan Projek Terhadap Kemahiran Bertutur Bahasa Mandarin
The aim of this study is to look into the effects of Project Based Learning (PjBL) in speaking skill on vocational college non-native Mandarin learners. A quasi-experimental study was carried out on 43 Mandarin learners, in which 23 learners were in the experimental group while 20 learners were in the control group. The participants were selected using convenience sampling technique. An adaptation of Stoller model (1997) was applied in the experimental group interventions while the control group was involved in a conventional teaching approach. Speaking skill was analyzed using speaking pretest and speaking posttest, which looked into the component of accuracy, pronunciation and fluency. The speaking pretest and speaking posttest data were analyzed using t-test. The result of the findings showed that the improvement achieved by experimental group is higher and more significant compared to the control group. The finding of the research provides suggestion towards how teachers can apply PjPL in their teaching sessions based on the suitability of the topic they teach.
Kajian ini bertujuan mengenal pasti kesan Pembelajaran Berasaskan Projek (PBP) terhadap kemahiran bertutur bahasa Mandarin dalam kalangan pelajar bukan penutur jati di kolej vokasional. Reka bentuk kuasi eksperimen telah dijalankan terhadap 43 orang pelajar bahasa Mandarin, dengan 23 orang pelajar dalam kumpulan eksperimen dan 20 orang pelajar dalam kumpulan kawalan. Peserta kajian dipilih dengan menggunakan teknik persampelan mudah. Adaptasi model Stoller (1997) diaplikasi dalam kumpulan eksperimen manakala kumpulan kawalan mengikuti pendekatan pengajaran konvensional. Kemahiran bertutur diuji dengan menggunakan ujian bertutur pra dan ujian bertutur pasca dengan melihat pada komponen ketepatan, sebutan dan kefasihan. Data ujian bertutur pra dan ujian bertutur pasca dianalisis dengan menggunakan ujian-t. Hasil dapatan kajian menunjukkan kumpulan eksperimen mencapai peningkatan yang lebih signifikan berbanding dengan kumpulan kawalan. Hasil dapatan ini mencadangkan guru mengaplikasikan PBP dalam sesi pengajaran berdasarkan kesesuaian topik pembelajaran.
Kata kunci: Pembelajaran Berasaskan Projek, Kemahiran Bertutur, Bahasa Mandarin, Model Stoller, komponen
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