Prototype of Greywater Treatment using Arduino Uno
Keywords:Greywater, Arduino Uno, pH sensor, Ultrasonic sensor, Potassium alum
Water is one of our most precious resources and as much as wanted it to be, it is not an infinite resource. Water not only supports human life and activities but also helps to maintain the ecological structure. Water was used for everyday household purposes, such as bathing, dishes, flushing toilets, and washing machine. These activities are producing greywater. This project aims to develop the prototype of greywater treatment to conserve water and convert contaminated water from the washing machine (greywater) into clean water that can be used for watering the plants. Arduino Uno, pH sensor, ultrasonic sensor, solenoid valve, servo motor, and potassium alum are components and materials used in this project. This project was achieved by chemical filtration of the greywater using Arduino Uno. The greywater will be collected and identify the pH level by using a pH sensor. The quantity of potassium alum inserted in greywater was based on the accumulated pH value. The potassium alum was inserted into the greywater to eliminate the detergent in that greywater. The pH sensor was used once again to ensure the greywater are eliminated. The treated water was stored in a tank so that it can be used for the irrigation system, while the ultrasonic sensor was used to determine the level of treated water in the tank.
P. Senthil Kumar and P. R. Yaashikaa, Introduction—Water. Elsevier Ltd., 2019.
R. Roy, “An Introduction to water quality analysis,” ESSENCE – Int. J. Environ. Rehabil. Conserv., no. July, pp. 94–100, 2018.
R. K. Kodali, “Smart waste water treatment,” TENSYMP 2017 - IEEE Int. Symp. Technol. Smart Cities, 2017.
A. Najah et al., “Surface water quality status and prediction during movement control operation order under COVID-19 pandemic: Case studies in Malaysia,” International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 18, no. 4. pp. 1009–1018, 2021.
N. Sasakova et al., “Pollution of Surface and Ground Water by Sources Related to Agricultural Activities,” Front. Sustain. Food Syst., vol. 2, no. July, 2018.
N. W. Chan, “Issues and challenges in water governance in Malaysia,” Iran. J. Environ. Heal. Sci. Eng., vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 143–152, 2009.
M. L. Crouch, H. E. Jacobs, and V. L. Speight, “Defining domestic water consumption based on personal water use activities,” Aqua Water Infrastructure, Ecosyst. Soc., vol. 70, no. 7, pp. 1002–1011, 2021.
M. A. Bari, R. A. Begum, N. Nesadurai, and J. J. Pereira, “Water consumption patterns in Greater Kuala Lumpur: Potential for reduction,” Asian J. Water, Environ. Pollut., vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 1–7, 2015.
N. Mancosu, R. L. Snyder, G. Kyriakakis, and D. Spano, “Water scarcity and future challenges for food production,” Water (Switzerland), vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 975–992, 2015.
J. X. Valls, “7 . Water Scarcity,” pp. 155–196, 1998.
F. Ali Hassan, “Analysis Of Domestic Water Consumption In Malaysia,” 2013.
H. Filali, N. Barsan, D. Souguir, V. Nedeff, C. Tomozei, and M. Hachicha, “Greywater as an Alternative Solution for a Sustainable Management of Water Resources—A Review,” Sustain., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 1–13, 2022.
D. Molden, “Scarcity of water or scarcity of management,” International Journal of Water Resources Development, vol. 36, no. 2–3. pp. 258–268, 2020.
M. T. H. van Vliet et al., “Global water scarcity including surface water quality and expansions of clean water technologies,” Environmental Research Letters, vol. 16, no. 2. 2021.
D. Usha and J. Anslin, “Grey water treatment for smart cities using iot,” Int. J. Recent Technol. Eng., vol. 8, no. 2 Special issue 5, pp. 114–116, 2019.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Norhidayatul Hikmee Mahzan, Muhammad Faiz Amrie Ibrahim, Ahmad Jamalludin, Shaiful Bakhtiar Hashim
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.