Bullying Victimisation and Aggressive Traits among At Risk Female Adolescents: A Case Study in a Malaysian Welfare Home


  • I Ling Ding Criminal Investigation Department, D11 Branch, Royal Malaysia Police Perak Contingent, Jalan Sultan Iskandar, Ipoh, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Geshina Ayu Mat Saat School of Health Sciences, USM Health Campus, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, MALAYSIA
  • Suzanie Adina Mat Saat USC Business School, University of the Sunshine Coast, 3000, Melbourne, AUSTRALIA




Aggressive traits, at risk female adolescents, bullying victimisation, welfare home


The present study was conducted to better understand aggressive traits and experiences of bullying victimisation amongst a group of at risk female adolescents in a welfare home setting.  The objectives of this study were to determine if the  presence of aggressive traits in victims provoke bullying, and to explore their experiences of bullying within a setting where their bullies also reside. The sample consisted of fifty two female adolescents, aged between 13 and 18 years old, from one children’s welfare home in Perak. A self-administered questionnaire and focus-group interviews were used to collect data. As a group, the adolescents scored higher in all subdomains of aggression, particularly hostility; compared to the norm reference. Mann-Whitney U test indicated significant differences in the subdomains physical aggression, verbal aggression, and hostility; between adolescents who had experienced bullying victimisation and those who had never been bullied. 71% of the adolescents in the welfare home were bullied which evidences an extraordinarily high bullying prevalence. 62% of the incidents were committed by people whom victims knew, further suggesting proximity is a critical concern. Victims reported the prevalence for different types of bullying: emotional and physical either on its own or simultaneously. While physical abuse was found at 29% prevalence, participants’ separate disclosure as part of police enquiry reported that it was the most memorable with vivid recollection of experience and lingering trauma which informs intervention for bullies and victims. 60% of victims kept silent; their responses disclosed disbelief in any meaningful action by caretakers. The findings herein contribute to the body of knowledge on bullying in welfare home settings that occur in Malaysia.


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How to Cite

Ding, I. L., Mat Saat, G. A., & Mat Saat, S. A. (2021). Bullying Victimisation and Aggressive Traits among At Risk Female Adolescents: A Case Study in a Malaysian Welfare Home. Evaluation Studies in Social Sciences, 2(1), 36–45. https://doi.org/10.37134/esss.vol2.1.6.2021