Analysis of Changing Population Age Structures in the Districts of Peninsular Malaysia from 2000 to 2010

  • Nur Fazreen Hamzah Bahagian Geografi, Pusat Pengajian Ilmu Kemanusiaan, Universiti Sains Malaysia, MALAYSIA
  • Ruslan Rainis Bahagian Geografi, Pusat Pengajian Ilmu Kemanusiaan, Universiti Sains Malaysia, MALAYSIA
Keywords: Shift-share analysis, population growth, age structure, Peninsular Malaysia

Abstract

Population growth trends cause changes in population size, which are influenced by births, deaths, and migration. However, since the sources of population growth are not precisely known, it is difficult to identify which areas receive the contribution of population growth. Therefore, this study aims to determine the sources of population growth in the districts of Peninsular Malaysia between 2000 and 2010. Data on the age structure of the population were analysed using the shift-share method. The results of the shift-share analysis show that the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur is the largest contributor to population growth at the national level, while Cameron Highlands is the smallest contributor to population growth at the national level. Hence, it can be concluded that the methodology used in this study is useful in analysing changing population age structures, thus helping stakeholders in formulating, and implementing plans for more effective district development, so that the balance of population growth can be achieved.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdul Rahman Hasan & Prema Letha Nair. (2014). Urbanisation and growth of metropolitan centres in Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Economic Studies, 51(1), 87-101.

Abdul Samad Hadi. (1989). Mobiliti penduduk. Bangi, Penerbit UKM.

Artige, L., & Van Neuss, L. (2014). A new shift‐share method. Growth and change, 45(4), 667- 683.

Asmah Ahmad & Rosniza Aznie Che Rose. (2011). Peralihan demografi dan kesejahteraan sosial masyarakat Melayu: Suatu perbandingan antara Malaysia dan Kemboja. Jurnal e- Bangi, 6(1), 1-16.

Banci penduduk dan perumahan Malaysia 2010. (2011). Taburan penduduk dan ciri-ciri

asas demografi 2010. Putrajaya, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia.

Banci penduduk dan perumahan Malaysia 2000. (2001). Taburan penduduk dan ciri-ciri

asas demografi 2000. Putrajaya, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia.

Chen, M., Wang, P., & Chen, L. (2014). Population distribution evolution

characteristics and shift growth analysis in Shiyang River Basin. International Journal of Geosciences, 5, 1395-1403.

Clarke, J. I. (1972). Geografi penduduk (Hassan Naziri Khalid, Trans.) England, Pergamon Press Ltd.

Ezatul Nisha Abd Rahman. (2020, Mac). Fertiliti dan mortaliti: Peralihan demografi Malaysia. Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia.

Franklin, R. S. (2014). An examination of the geography of population composition and change in the United States, 2000-2010: Insights from geographical indices and a shift-share analysis. Popul Space Place, 20(1), 18-36.

Green, A. E.(1994). The role of migration in labour-market adjusment: The British experience in the 1980s. Environment and Planning A, 26(10), 1563-1577.

Herath, J., Gebremedhin, T., & Maumbe, B. M. (2011). A dynamic shift-share analysis of economic growth in West Virginia. Journal of Rural and Community Development, 6(2), 155–169.

Hermada Dekiawan & Budi Asmarawati. (2017). Pendekatan model shift-share spasial dinamis dalam penentuan sektor ekonomi kompetitif. Forum Keuangan dan Bisnis Indonesia, 6, 389-410.

Ida Bagus Mantra. (2000). Demografi umum. Yogyakarta, Pustaka Pelajar.

Ishikawa, Y. (1992). The 1970s migration turnaround in Japan revisited: A shidt- share Approach. Paper in Regional Science, 71(2), 153-173.

Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. (2000). Peta Semenanjung Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur, Jabatan Perangkaan.

Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. (2016). Siaran akhbar unjuran penduduk Malaysia (semakan semula), 2010-2040. Kuala Lumpur, Jabatan Perangkaan.

Marlini Sahul Hamid. (2020). Evolusi penduduk di Malaysia. Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia.

Mohd Yusrizal Ab Razak. (2021, September). Impak perintah kawalan pergerakan (pkp) terhadap publisiti Banci Malaysia 2020 di media masa. Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia.

Nik Norlaiti Fitri & Usman Yaakob. (2014). Perubahan komposisi penduduk Malaysia 1970-2010. International Journal of Environment Society and Space, 2(2), 10-20.

Plane, D. A. (1992). Age-composition change and the geographical dynamics of interregional migration in the U.S. Annals of the Association of American, 82(1), 64-85.

Plane, D. A., & Rogerson, P. A. (1994). The geographical analysis of population with application to planning and business. New York, John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Rahayu Mustika Wati & Agus Arifin. (2019). Analisis location quotient dan shift-share sub sektor pertanian di Kabupaten Pekalongan Tahun 2013-2017. Jurnal ekonomi-QU, 9(2), 200-213.

Ruslan Rainis & Noresah Mohd Shariff. (2002). Aplikasi sistem maklumat geografi (GIS) dalam analisis ruangan pertumbuhan penduduk: Kajian kes negeri-negeri di wilayah utara Semenanjung Malaysia. Jurnal Kinabalu, 7(2), 17-38.

Ruslan Raini & Noresah M. Shariff. (2003). The effect of data aggregation on the spatial analysis of population concentration. Jurnal Teknologi, 39, 47-62.

Ruslan Rainis, Noresah Mohd Shariff & Tarmiji Masron. (2006). Perubahan konsentrasi ruangan penduduk Semenanjung Malaysia 1980-2000. Malaysian Journal of Society and Space, 2, 31-42.

Sivachandralingam Sundara Raja, Ahmad Kamal Ariffin, Ho Hui Ling, Noraini & Nurul Asnida. (Ed.). (2008). Sejarah masih relevan. Karisma Publications.

Suriati Ghazali & Katiman Rostam. (2019). Pertumbuhan Penduduk (Katiman Rostam, Ed.). Dewan Bahasa Dan Pustaka.

Syed Abdul Razak Sayed Mahadi. (2004). Banci penduduk: Rentetan sejarah perkembangan dan pertumbuhan penduduk Semenanjung Malaysia. Sejarah: Journal of the department of History, 12(12), 59-70.

Tarigan, R. (2005). Ekonomi regional: Teori dan aplikasi. Jakarta, Bumi Aksara.

Teuku Razali Rasyid. (2017). Bunga rampai kependudukan: Kelahiran, kematian, migrasi dan pembangunan berwawasan kependudukan. Banda Aceh, Syiah Kuala University Press.

Usman Haji Yaakob. (1989). Prinsip kajian kependudukan. Kuala Lumpur, Dewan Bahasa Dan Pustaka.

Usman Yaakob & Tarmiji Masron. (2009). Perubahan komposisi dan taburan penduduk Sarawak 1970-2000. Borneo Research Journal, 3, 155-171.

Van de Walle, E. (1992). Fertility transition, conscious choice, and numeracy. Demography, 29(4), 487-502.

Zakariah Abdul Rashid. (2003). Ekonomi negeri Kelantan dari perspektif analisis shift- share wilayah. Pertanika J. Soc Sci & Hum, 11(1), 19-31.

Published
2022-06-25
How to Cite
Hamzah, N. F., & Rainis, R. (2022). Analysis of Changing Population Age Structures in the Districts of Peninsular Malaysia from 2000 to 2010. GEOGRAFI, 10(1), 52-71. https://doi.org/10.37134/geografi.vol10.1.3.2022
Section
Articles