PRINCIPAL'S LEADERSHIP STYLES, STUDENTS' MOTIVATION AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN MALAYSIAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

  • Norlia Mat Norwani Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
  • Ibrahim Tamby Chek Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
  • Abdul Rahman Ahmad Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
  • Endrew Singai
Keywords: Leadership, Transformational, Transactional, Instructional, Motivation

Abstract

Principals’ management and leadership were perceived as the main factors to ensure school effectiveness and had significant impact on students, not directly but indirectly. The purpose of this study was to assess relationship between leadership styles of principals’ and students’ motivation levels with academic achievements of students in secondary schools in the Serian district of Sarawak. A questionnaire that contained 41 items was used to collect data from 302 samples. The descriptive findings of the study showed that 48.4% of the samples lived in families consisting of six and more family members and 81.8% of the families had an average monthly income of less than RM1,000 which was within the national rural poverty level. Analyses conducted showed that the principals favored transactional and transformational leaderships with means of 17.93 and 17.82 respectively. The Pearson Correlation analyses showed there were significant relationships between principals’ leadership styles and students’ motivation, between principals’ leadership styles and students’ motivation, and between students’ motivation and academic performance. The researchers suggested that the Ministry of Education and school principals should emphasize on strengthening leadership aspects. Selection of new principals must ensure that the criterias used in the process fulfill the needs of today’s education systems. They must be exposed to trainings that emphasize on principals’ leadership and school management.

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Published
2019-03-05
How to Cite
Mat Norwani, N., Tamby Chek, I., Ahmad, A. R., & Singai, E. (2019). PRINCIPAL’S LEADERSHIP STYLES, STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN MALAYSIAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS. Journal of Contemporary Issues and Thought, 2, 115-128. Retrieved from https://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/index.php/JCIT/article/view/937