The Development and Implementation of Health, Nutrition, And Safety Modules for Preschool Children in Rural Areas


  • Auliantika Selian School of Education and Human Sciences, Albukhary International University, 05200 Alor Star, Kedah, Malaysia
  • Nor Hashimah Hashim School of Education and Human Sciences, Albukhary International University, 05200 Alor Star, Kedah, Malaysia



health, nutrition, safety, preschool rural areas


The importance of health, nutrition, and safety in certain preschools is still underestimated, specifically in preschools in rural areas, due to several factors, namely, the lack of teacher training, a lack of information, and a lack of resources, which result in child malnutrition and obesity. The Health, Nutrition, and Safety (HNS) module will be designed based on learning theories such as Cognitive and Ecological Theories. The module comprises three health-related teaching and learning activities, three nutrition-related teaching and learning activities, and three safety-related teaching and learning activities. The purpose of this paper is to propose a preschool-aged child's Health, Nutrition, and Safety (HNS) module. This module will be validated by experts and piloted to preschoolers in rural areas prior to implementation in the actual study. In this study, qualitative research will be used. Interview questions and an observation checklist will be developed. The participants in this study will be a group of preschoolers from Sik, Kedah (about 20–25 children). Five preschoolers will be chosen at random to be engaged in the interview and observation. The module will be implemented within 12 weeks by the preschoolers by the researcher. The findings will be expected to provide early educators with the knowledge and abilities to advance the health and well-being of preschoolers. In addition, promoting children's understanding of how health, nutrition, and safety affect their physical, mental, and emotional well-being as supports normal growth supports maintaining healthy body weight, and lowers their chance of developing chronic diseases.


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How to Cite

Selian, A., & Hashim , N. H. (2022). The Development and Implementation of Health, Nutrition, And Safety Modules for Preschool Children in Rural Areas. Jurnal Pendidikan Awal Kanak-Kanak Kebangsaan, 11(2), 62–77.