The Effect of Gender and Ethnicity on Selected Topics in Mathematics among Secondary School Students


  • Hasni Shamsuddin School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang,MALAYSIA
  • Jazimah Shamsuddin Sekolah Menengah Sains Tapah, Tapah, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Azwan Hairi Rabas Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Datuk Haji Ahmad Badawi, Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang, MALAYSIA
  • Nurul Nor Shahda Abd Talib Sekolah Menengah Sains Kepala Batas, Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang, MALAYSIA
  • Nurul Syazwani Ismail Sekolah Menengah Sains Kepala Batas, Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang, MALAYSIA
  • Ahmad Zamri Khairani School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang, MALAYSIA



Ethnicity, Form 1, gender, mathematics, Students’ performance


Mathematics is indispensable in daily activities and is a required subject in the education system. By understanding the possible factors contributing to students’ ability to learn mathematics, paving solutions to overcome the debility is conceivable. This study aims to examine the effect of gender and ethnicity on students’ performance in the topics of Rational Number, Factors and Multiples, and Algebraic Expressions. A total of 181 secondary school students from eight schools (male = 97, female = 84; Malay = 109, Chinese = 44, Indian = 28) were selected as sample of this study. Their response in a nine-item mixed-format mathematics test was thoroughly analysed to provide coherent information on their performance on each topic. Results showed that there was no significant difference in the students' performance based on gender. Yet, Chinese students demonstrated higher mean scores in all topics compared to their Malay and Indian counterparts. This article provides a discussion on the results obtained from the cultural perspective.


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Author Biography

Hasni Shamsuddin, School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang,MALAYSIA

Sekolah Menengah Sains Kepala Batas, Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang, MALAYSIA


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How to Cite

Shamsuddin, H., Shamsuddin, J., Rabas, A. H., Abd Talib, N. N. S., Ismail, N. S., & Khairani, A. Z. (2021). The Effect of Gender and Ethnicity on Selected Topics in Mathematics among Secondary School Students. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Dan Matematik Malaysia, 11(2), 1–8.