Retroprospective of Songket: A Visual Ethnography Documentation on Songket Rajang

  • Yu Wei Chow Faculty of Applied and Creative Arts, University Malaysia Sarawak, MALAYSIA
  • Anyshya Jusam Faculty of Applied and Creative Arts, University Malaysia Sarawak, Sarawak, MALAYSIA
  • Yakup Mohd Rafee Fakulti Seni, Komputeran Dan Industri Kreatif, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Muhammad Zamhari Abol Hassan Faculty of Applied and Creative Arts, University Malaysia Sarawak, MALAYSIA
  • Awangko Hamdan Awang Arshad Faculty of Applied and Creative Arts, University Malaysia Sarawak, MALAYSIA
Keywords: visual ethnography, participant observation, non-participant observation, Songket Rajang


This paper focuses on the documentation approach in recording songket, where previous research has placed too much emphasis on analyzing only the craft; and misinterpreting the craft as an object rather than a representation of a community. As a response, the researcher modified the viewpoint in documenting the craft into a record on songket as a community; a visual ethnographic documentation on Songket Rajang was carried out. For this study, a visual ethnographic approach was utilized to record the Songket Rajang manufacturing process as a binder in the community, and both observation methods were employed throughout the documentation: participant observation method and non-participant method. As a results, the researchers were able to capture Songket Rajang more successfully utilizing visual ethnographic techniques, without disregarding traditional songket craft art, while also displaying Songket Rajang as a symbol of communal togetherness.


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How to Cite
Chow, Y. W., Jusam, A., Mohd Rafee, Y., Abol Hassan, M. Z., & Awang Arshad, A. H. (2021). Retroprospective of Songket: A Visual Ethnography Documentation on Songket Rajang. KUPAS SENI, 9(2), 26-41.