Leading Teachers’ Towards the Needs of Pedagogical and Technological Skills Acquisition in the Next Generation Learning Spaces (NGLS)

  • Sanura Jaya Universiti Sains Malaysia, MALAYSIA
  • Rozniza Zaharudin Universiti Sains Malaysia, MALAYSIA
  • Sukor Beram Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
Keywords: Teachers’ leadership, Next Generation Learning spaces (NGLS), teachers’ pedagogy, technology tools, design and development research (DDR)


This study was conducted to develop Next Generation Learning Spaces (NGLS) in teachers’ pedagogical and technological tools.  This is to explore new perspective in teachers’ pedagogical and technological leadership in secondary schools in Malaysia. Design and development research (DDR) approach as a research design in this study was conducted in three phases; need analysis phase, design and development phase and evaluation phase. The first phase is to identify the needs of having the NGLS pedagogical framework and managing teachers’ leadership in teachers’ pedagogical and technological tools in secondary school in Malaysia. A quantitative approach research design was conducted and the purposive sampling technique was applied to collect data from 260 samples. The overall findings of the first phase showed that the mean score for the learning spaces is the highest (mean = 4.023) followed with the teachers’ pedagogical strategies (mean =3.007).  Technological tools are the lowest mean score (mean=1.708). The main findings of this study indicated the need of Next Generation Learning Spaces among respondents. Therefore, the study provided useful evidence and potential to design and development of pedagogical framework in leading teachers’ pedagogical and technological tools.


Download data is not yet available.


Abidin, Z., & Saputro, T.M.E. (2020). Google classroom as mathematics learning space: potentials and challenges. Journal of Physics: Conference Series,1-7.

Ahmad Alif Kamal, Norhunaini Mohd Shaipullah, Liyana Truna, Muna Sabri, & Syahrul N. Junaini. (2020). Transitioning to online learning during COVID-19 Pandemic: Case study of a Pre-University Centre in Malaysia. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 11(6), 217–223.

Ana Haziqah A.Rashid, Nurbiha A. Shukor, Zaidatun Tasir, & Na, K. S. (2021). Teachers’ perceptions and readiness toward the implementation of virtual learning environment. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 10(1),209-214

Arstorp, A. T. (2018). Future classroom labs in norwegian pre-service teacher education. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics): Vol. 11003 LNCS,288-292.

Azlina Musa, Mohd Nasir Hashim, Nurul Ain Chua Abdullah, & Rabiu Mu’azu Musa. (2021). Use of computer technology in the internet using the youtube in teaching and learning student basic technique dances contemporary University of Malaysia Terengganu. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1793(1),1-8

Balakrisnan, V., Nurzatulshima Kamarudin, Aini Marina Ma’rof, & Aminuddin Hassan. (2021). Maker-centred in classroom learning : Metamorphosis of primary education in Malaysia. 14, 119–127.

Berry, B. (2019). Teacher leadership: Prospects and promises. Phi Delta Kappan, 100(7), 49–55.

Bolkan, S., & Goodboy, A. k. (2009). Transformational leadership in the classroom: Fostering student learning, student participation and teacher credibility,296.

Boothe, D., & Clark, L. (2014). The 21 st century classroom: Creating a culture of innovation in ICT. International Conference ICT for Language Learning,1-3

Campbell, L. (2020). Teaching in an inspiring learning space: an investigation of the extent to which one school’s innovative learning environment has impacted on teachers’ pedagogy and practice. Research Papers in Education, 35(2), 185–204.

Chun, T. W., & Sathappan, R. (2020). Using flipped classroom approach to teach adjectives for Malaysian year 4 Chinese ESL learners. The English Teacher, 49(1), 41–54.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2018). Research methods in education.New York London:Routledge.

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design qualitative, quantitative and mixed method approaches 4th edition. United Kingdom: SAGE Publications.

Creswell, J. WW J. D. C. (2018). Research design qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches 5th edition. SAGE Publications.

De La Harpe, B., McPherson, M., & Mason, T. (2014). Not a waste of space: Professional development for staff teaching in new generation learning spaces. In Herdsa News (Vol. 34, Issue 2),532-545.

EPU. (2021). Malaysia Digital Economy Blueprint. Economic Planning Unit Prime Minister’S Department, 1-104.

Gay, L. ., Mills, G. E., & Peter Airasian. (2012). Educational research. London: Pearson.

Georgiev, T., Georgieva, E., & Smrikarov, A. (2004). M-learning-a new stage of e - learning. International Conference on Computer Systems and Technologies,1-5.

Ghavifekr, S., Kunjappan, T., & Ramasamy, L. (2016). Teaching and learning with ICT tools: Issues and challenges from teachers’ perceptions. Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology, 4(2), 38–57.

Göçen, A., Eral S.H., & Bücük, M. H. (2020). Teacher perceptions of a 21st century classroom,1-15.

Golam Jamil and Paul, S. R. (2016). Teacher ’ s challenges in organizing collaborative learning with the university students in Bangladesh. 1–45.

Halinen, I. (2018). The new educational curriculum. Improving the Quality of Childhood in Europe, 7, 75–89.

Hapini Awang, Zahurin Mat Aji, Wan Rozaini Sheik Osman, Aidayani Abdul Nasir, Mazzlida Mat Deli, & Wan Yusof Wan Hamat. (2019). Virtual learning environment (VLE) implementation strategy: An analysis of practicality for google classroom implementation in Malaysian schools. Journal of Educational Research and Indigenous Studies, 2(1), 1-16.

Idarwana Hasin, & M. Khalid M.Nasir. (2021). The effectiveness of the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in rural secondary schools in Malaysia. Journal of Education and E-Learning Research, 8(1), 59–64.

JISC. (2006). Designing spaces for effective learning: A guide to 21st century learning space design. January 2006, 1-37.

Johnson, Adam, & Cummins. (2012). NMC Horizon Report : 2012 Higher Education Edition.

Kariippanon, K. E., Cliff, D. P., Lancaster, S. J., Okely, A. D., & Parrish, A. M. (2019). Flexible learning spaces facilitate interaction, collaboration and behavioural engagement in secondary school. PLoS ONE, 14(10), 1–13.

Keppell, M., & Riddle, M. (2012). Distributed learning spaces: Physical, blended and virtual learning spaces in higher education. Physical and Virtual Learning Spaces in Higher Education: Concepts for the Modern Learning Environment, 1–20.

Khalip Musa, & Mohd Khairi Md.Akhir. (2019). Pengaruh kepimpinan guru terhadap keberhasilan pelajar tingkatan enam di kolej tingkatan enam daerah Perak Tengah. Management Research Journal 10(2), 38–48.

Kho, F.C.Y. (2020). Teachers Who Lead. Penerbit Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Perak.

Kyriazos, T. A. (2018). Applied psychometrics: Sample size and sample power considerations in factor analysis (EFA, CFA) and SEM in general. Psychology, 09(08), 2207–2230.

Ling, P., & Fraser, K. (2014). Pedagogies for next generation learning spaces: Theory, context, action. International Perspectives on Higher Education Research, 12, 65–84.

López, M., Bautista, G., & Escofet, A. (2019). Teachers’ perception of learning spaces. EDULEARN19 Proceedings, 1, 8624–8630.

Malaysia Ministry of Education. (2013). Malaysia Education Blueprint 2013 - 2025. Ministry of Education Malaysia, 27(1), 1–268.

Mallik, D. M. A., & Mallik, D. . L. (2019). Education technology in digital age: Classroom learning for future and beyond. International Journal of Psycho-Educational Sciences, 1-20.

Mat Rahimi Yusof, Nurul Fakhri Daud, Fauzi Hussin, Hapini Awang, Ramlan Mustapha, & Chaw, P. L. (2021). The influence of headmaster’s technology leadership on teachers’ performance: A quantitative study. Journal of Contemporary Social Science and Education Studies, 1(2), 19–28.

Mohd Ridhuan Mohd Jamil. (2016). Pembangunan model kurikulum latihan skives bagi program pengajian kejuruteraan pembelajaran berasaskan kerja. Thsesis Ijazah Doktor Falsafah.

Muhammad Fariduddin Wajdi Anthony, & Azidah Abu Ziden. (2019). Analisis keperluan pembangunan model penerimaan GeSVa dalam m-pembelajaran institut pendidikan guru. Jurnal IPDA, Bil 26, 251–267.

Muhammad Fariduddin Wajdi Anthony, Ziden, A. A., Muhammad Nidzam Yaakob, Syed Khalid Syed Idrus, & Saifudin Azam Shah Ahmad. (2019). Penilaian m-pembelajaran dalam sistem pembelajaran di institut pendidikan guru ( Ipg ) melalui technology , usability and pedagogy model (TUP). Proceeding of The ICECRS 3, 1–7.

Muhammad Nidzam Yaakob. (2016). Pembangunan model kurikulum m-pembelajaran teknologi dalam pengajaran dan pembelajaran di ipg. Thsesis Ijazah Doktor Falsafah.

Nurulain Hamzah, Mohd Asri Mohd Noor, & Hamidah Yusof. (2016). Teacher leadership concept: A review of literature. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 6(12), 185-189.

Nurulanis Ahmad @ Mohamed, Noraini Johari, Thuraiya Mohd, & Asma Senawi. (2019). Readiness aspects in education sector to succeed in industry 4.0 (IR 4.0): A review. ESTEEM Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities ( 3 November), 38–47.

Radcliffe, D., Wilson, H., Powell, D., & Tibbetts, B. (2008). Designing next generation places of learning: Collaboration at the pedagogy-space-technology nexus. The University of Queensland, 1–20.

Rao, K. A. (2020). Role of teacher in student centered learning method. Research Journal of English Language and Literature (RJELAL) 8, 6–9.

Richey, R., & Klein, J. (2007). Design and development research. New York London: Routledge

Schuck, S., Kearney, M., & Burden, K. (2017). Exploring mobile learning in the Third Space. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 26(2), 121–137.

Sukor Beram, Marinah Awang, & Ramlee Ismail. (2020). Pembangunan model kompetensi pemimpin pertengahan : Satu kajian reka bentuk dan pembangunan. Journal of Educational Research & Indegenous Studies Journal, 2(1), 1-11.

Temple. P. (2007). Learning spaces for the 21 st century A review of the literature. The Higher Educational Academy, January 2007, 1-85

The Finnish National Board of Education. (2016). Curriculum in Finland. March, 23.

UNESCO. (2016). Incheon declaration and framework for action. Journal of American History, 94(1), 232–233.

Whai, M. K. G., & Ling, Y.-L. (2020). The relevance use of technology in teaching english in Malaysian schools : Are we ready mentally for the shift ? Journal of Social Sciences and Technical Education, 1(1), 105–113.

Yuet, F. K. C., Yusof, H., & Mohamad, S. I. S. (2016). Development and validation of the teacher leadership competency scale. Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction, 13(2), 43–69.

How to Cite
Jaya, S., Zaharudin, R., & Beram, S. (2021). Leading Teachers’ Towards the Needs of Pedagogical and Technological Skills Acquisition in the Next Generation Learning Spaces (NGLS). Management Research Journal, 10, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.37134/mrj.vol10.sp.1.2021