The Influence of Principal’s Empowerment on the Work Performance of the Committee Head

Pengaruh pengupayaan Pengetua terhadap prestasi kerja Ketua Panitia

  • Maziana binti Murad Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Jamal @ Nordin bin Yunus Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Nor Aini binti Mohd Noor Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
Keywords: Empowerment, Work performance, principal, Head of Committee

Abstract

Empowerment refers to giving autonomy to teachers to be involved in a plan in the school to be more committed and dedicated to the tasks entrusted to them. The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of empowerment on the work performance of the head of the Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) subject committee in secondary schools. The study also describes a measurement model and a structural model of enabling job performance. This survey study involved 278 committee heads in selected secondary schools in the state of Pahang. The research instrument used in this study was adapted from the Empowerment Indicator Survey and Work Performance developed by Supian and Khadijah (2012). Data were analyzed using SPSS and SmartPLS 3.0 applications. The results showed that the values ​​of R2 were 0.192, f2 (0.238) and Q2 (0.050). Overall, the results of the analysis showed that there was a significant positive relationship between the influence of principal empowerment with job performance (β = 0.438, t = 8.698, p <0.05). As this study only involves the head of the committee in secondary schools in the state of Pahang, then the results of this study are limited to be generalized and can not give an overall picture of the population of the head of the committee throughout the country. Therefore, it is recommended that this study be conducted in secondary schools throughout the country by taking into account the culture and type of leadership of principals.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdul Ghani Kanesan Abdullah & Ekerim a/p Din Chen. ( 2019). Pengaruh moderator bagi komuniti pembelajaran professional terhadap kepimpinan instruksional pengetua dan efikasi kolektif guru. Jurnal Kepimpinan Pendidikan. Julai 2016, Bil 6. Isu 3

Abdul Jalil Ali, Abdul Ghani & Isrihan Mohamad. (2019). Amalan pengupayaan autonomi guru dalam pembelajaran dan pemudahcaraan abad ke-21. Jurnal Kepimpinan Pendidikan. Januari (6), 49–58.

Ahmad Talal Hashan, Norazah Mohd & Ghazali Darusalam. (2018). Amalan komunikasi kepimpinan dalam mempengaruhi kepuasan dan komitmen guru: Kajian di sekolah-sekolah menengah daerah Bentong. Seminar Antarabangsa Isu-Isu Pendidikan. Fakulti Pendidikan : Universiti Malaya.

Ananthan a/l Somasundram. (2016). Kepimpinan beretika guru besar, kesejahteraan organisasi dan pengupayaan guru di sekolah jenis kebangsaan tamil. Tesis PhD yang tidak diterbitkan. Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Asiah Yaakob Khan. (2010). Pengupayaan pengetua dalam pengurusan disiplin sekolah menengah di Negeri Sembilan: Tesis Ijazah Sarjana. Universiti Malaya.

Aydin Balyer, Ozcan. & Ali Yildiz. (2017). Teachers empowerment: School administrators’ role. Eurasion Journal of Educational Research, 67, 199-214

Azahari Ramli, Azizi Abu Bakar & Siti Nur Zahirah Omar. (2016). Kepimpinan berkesan sebagai pengantara di antara kecerdasan emosi dan prestasi kerja guru. Journal of Global Business and Social Entrepreneuship, vol.2 (2), 53061

Baharuddin Burhan. (2009). Respective Approaches in Promoting Distributive Leadership in School. Seminar Nasional Pengurusan dan Kepimpinan Pendidikan ke-16. 21-24 Julai. Genting Highlands: Institut Aminuddin Baki, KPM.

Chua Yan Piaw. (2012). Kaedah dan stitistik penyelidikan. Buku 1. Kaedah penyelidikan. Edisi Kedua. Kuala Lumpur: Mc Graw Hill.

Cohen, L., Manion, L. & Morrison, K. (2007). Research methods in education. (6th ed.). New York: Routledge.

Cohen, J. W. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (Ed. Second). Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

Cohen, J. (1992). Quantitative methods in psychology: A power primer. Psychological Bulletin, 112, 155-159.

Edd, K. M. (2017). Building administrator’s facilitation of teacher leardership: Moderators associated with tearchers’ reported levels of empowerment. Journal of Organizational & Educational Leardership, 3 (1), 12-23

Fornell, C, & Larcker, D. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobserved variable and measurement error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18, 39-50

Frost, D., & Durrant, J. (2002). Teachers as leaders: Exploring the impact of teacher –led development work. School Leadership and Management, 22 (2), 143-161.

Ghazali Othman. (2001). Sekolah berkesan dan program pembaikan sekolah di Malaysia. Past Issues of educators digest 1 ( 2/2001), 1- 6.

Gold, A., Malhotra, A. and Segars, A. (2001) Knowledge management: An organizational capabilities perspective. Journal of Management Information Systems, 18, 185-214.

Groover, M. P. (2016). Automation, production systems, and computer-integrated manufacturing. India: Pearson Education

Hailan, S, Rahimah, A, Zuraidah,A & Rofishah, R. (2012). Pengupayaan kepimpinan guru di sekolah. Seminar Kebangsaan Majlis Dekan Pendidikan IPTA. Johor Baharu: Fakulti Pendidikan UTM

Hair, F.J., Black, W.C., Babin, B.J., & Anderson, R.E. (2010). Multivariate data analysis (7th Ed.). Eaglewood Cliffs: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Hair, J.F., Sarstedt, M., Hopkins, L. and Kuppelwieser, V.G. (2014). Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM): An emerging tool in business research. European Business Review, 26, 106-121.

Hair Jr, J. F., Hult, G. T. M., Ringle, C., & Sarstedt, M. (2016). A primer on partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage publications.

Hair, J., Hult, G.T., Ringle, C. & Sarstedt, M. (2017). A primer of partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM). SAGE Publications (2nd Edition, Vol.2). Carlifornia: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Hanaysha, J. (2016). Testing the effects of employee empowerment, teamwork, and employee training on employee productivity in higher education sector. International Journal of Learning and Development, 6 (1), 164-178.

Henseler, J., Ringle, C.M., & Sarstedt, M. (2015). A new criterion for assessing discriminant validity in variance-based structural equation modeling. Journal of Academy of Marketing Science. 43, 115-135

Indrayani. (2012). Pengaruh faktor kepimpinan budaya organisasi, motivasi dan latihan terhadap prestasi kerja. PhD Tesis. Universiti Utara Malaysia.

Isrihan Mohamad, Abdul Jalil Ali & Abdul Ghani Kanesan Abdullah. (2019). Pengaruh pengupayaan terhadap autonomi guru dalam pembelajaran dan pemudahcaraan (pdpc) abad ke-21. Jurnal IPDA, 26(Januari), 137 - 151.

Jani, J., R. Muszali, S. Nathan, and M. S. Abdullah. (2018). Blended learning approach using frog vle platform towards students’ achievement in teaching games for understanding. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences 10, no. 5S (2018), 1130-1141

Juriah Jaafar. (2010). Pengupayaan dan efikasi guru penolong kanan sekolah menengah di Daerah Segamat. Ijazah Sarjana: Universiti Malaya.

Kelzang, T. (2015). A quantitative analysis of distributed leadership in practice: Teachersperception of their engagement in four dimensions of distributed leadership in Bhutanese schools. Asia Pacific Educ. Rev., 16,353–366

Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia. (2012). Blueprint Pelan Pembangunan Pendidikan Malaysia 2013 – 2025. Dimuat turun pada 20 Mei 2019 dari http://www.moe.gov.my/userfiles/file/PPP/Preliminary-Blueprint-BM.pdf

Kimwarey, M. C., Chirure, H. N., & Omondi, M. (2014). Tearcher empowerment in education practice: Strategies, constraints and suggestions, IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSR-JRME), 4 (2), 51-56

Kline, R. B. (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York: Guilford Press.

Kumar, M., Talib, S.A., & Ramayah, T. (2013). Business research methods. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press

Lee Bin Saat & Shukri Zain. (2016). Pengaruh kepimpinan instruksional, efikasi dan tugas rutin pengetua terhadap pencapaian akademik. Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH). Vol. 1 (3). Jun 2016

Mohd Shakirurahman Ismail, Mohd Nawi Ab. Rahman@Ismail & Idi Nur Bin Mohamad. (2018). Hubungan di antara keberkesanan latihan dan kesan motivasi terhadap prestasi kerja kakitangan sektor awam : Kajian kes di politeknik dan kolej komuniti, Jeli, Kelantan. Journal of Business and Hospitality Management (Vol 4) No 1 (2018), 33-39

Muhamad Azmi. (2009) Hubungan pelaksanaan konsep pengupayaan dengan komitmen guru terhadap organisasi di sekolah menengah daerah Kulim, Kedah. Tesis Sarjana, Skudai: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Norliza Shoib, Mohd Izham Mohd Hamzah & Jamalul Lail Abd Wahab. (2010). Elemen utama strategi pengurusan berasaskan sekolah dari segi konsep dan amalan. Jurnal Pendidikan. Fakulti Pendidikan: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Nurul Hudani Md Nawi, Marof Redzuan & Noor Hisham Md Nawi. (2013). Pengaruh

aspek kecerdasan emosi terhadap tingkah laku kepimpinan transformasi dalam kalangan pemimpin pendidik sekolah. Akademika, 83, 3-11

Padmasiri, M. D. (2018). The relationship between training and development and employee performance of executive level employees in apparel organizations. International Invention of Scientific Journal, 2 (1), 12-17

Robinson, V. (2017). Capabilities required for leading improvement. Challenges for researchers and developers. ACER conference 2017

Rogis Baker, Nurul Nazatul ‘Ain Mohd Amran, Hasimi Sallehudin, Haliza Mohd Zahari, Noor Azmi Mohd Zainol & Nur Surayya Mohd Saudi. (2020). Hubungan antara motivasi, latihan dengan prestasi kerja: Kajian terhadap pekerja di sektor swasta. Persidangan Antarabangsa Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan ke-5 (PASAK5 2020). Dalam talian 24 & 25 November 2020.

Roselena Mansor & Mohd Izham Mohd Hamzah. (2015). Kepimpinan berkualiti: Perspektif mengenai kompetensi yang diperlukan untuk memimpin dengan berkesan. Journal Pengurusan. Vol 45, No 2015.

Ruechakul, P., Erawan. P., & Siwarom, M. (2015). Empowering communities in educational management: Participatory action research. International Education Studies, 8 (9), 65-78

Saedah Siraj & Mohammed Sani Ibrahim. (2013). Standard kompetensi guru Malaysia. Dimuat turun pada 12 April 2017 daripada http://repository.um.edu.my/

Sharifah Sebran Jamila Syed Imam, Mohammed Sani Ibrahim, Mohd Izham Hamzah & Hairuddin Mohd Ali. (2013). Tret pengetua dan guru besar novis di Malaysia. Kertas Kerja: Seminar Kebangsaan Majlis Dekan IPTA k-4, Universiti Islam Antarabangsa: 23-25 Sept.

Sirat, Swando. (2016). Does teacher quality affect student achievement? An empirical study in Indonesia. Journal of Education and Practice 7, no. 27

Siva A/L Rabindarang. (2014). Kepimpinan distributif, komitmen organisasi dan tekanan kerja di kolej vokasional Malaysia. Tesis Doktor Falsafah: Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris.

Somech, A. (2010). Participative decision making in schools: A mediating-moderating analytical framework for understanding school and teacher outcomes. Educ. Adm. Q. 2010, 46, 174–209.

Suhaili Mohd Yusof, Ariffin, & Tengku Faekah Tengku Ariffin. (2020). Hubungan di antara kepimpinan kontekstual pengetua dengan kesejahteraan guru di tempat kerja : Pengupayaan guru sebagai mediator relationship between school principal ’ s contextual leadership and teachers ’ workplac. Journal of Advanced Research in Social and Behavioural Sciences, 1 (1), 90–100.

Suhailie Yaacob. (2019). Pengaruh Gaya Kepimpinan Ke Atas Prestasi Institusi Pengajian Tinggi Swasta. Jurnal Sultan Alauddin Sulaiman Shah, 6, 167–184.

Supian Hashim. (2012). Amalan kepimpinan lestari dan hubungannya dengan prestasi kerja guru sekolah rendah yang menerima tawaran baru di Daerah Segamat.: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Supian Hashim & Khadijah Daud, (2012). Amalan kepimpinan lestari dan hubungannya dengan prestasi kerja guru sekolah rendah yang menerima tawaran baru di Daerah Segamat.: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Tahir, A.H., Tanveer, A., Faheem, F., Rahman, A. & Saeed, Z. (2017). Influence of instrumental and participative leadership style on job performance. International Journal of Scientific Footprints 5 (2), 1-8.

Wan Idros Wan Sulaiman & Maizatul Haizan Mahbob. (2016). Impak persekitaran maklumat terhadap kepuasan komunikasi sektor awam. Journal Of Social Sciences And Humanities. Vol. 11. No. 2 (2016), 345 – 369

Webb, P. T. (2012). Teacher Power: The exercise of profesional autonomy in a era of strict accountability. Teacher Development, 6 (1), 47-62

Yasser, F., Hendawy, A., Mahmoud, M. E., & Philip, H. (2018). Assessing the contribution of principal instructional leadership and collective teacher efficacy to teacher commitment in Oman. Teaching and Teacher Education, 69(2018), 191-201

Published
2022-06-10
How to Cite
Murad, M., Yunus, J. @ N., & Mohd Noor, N. A. (2022). The Influence of Principal’s Empowerment on the Work Performance of the Committee Head. Management Research Journal, 11(1), 22-37. https://doi.org/10.37134/mrj.vol11.1.3.2022