Propaganda and Violence of the Communist Party in Sarawak, 1963-1972

Propaganda dan Keganasan Komunis di Sarawak, 1963-1972

  • Ahmad Syakir Ja'afar Jabatan Sejarah, Fakulti Sains Kemanusiaan, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Sahul Hamid Mohamed Maiddin Jabatan Sejarah, Fakulti Sains Kemanusiaan, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
Keywords: Propaganda, Violence, Communism, Sarawak

Abstract

The article examines the violence and propaganda of the communist movement in Sarawak. Formation of Malaysia in 1963 led to various massive resistance, strengthened after the events of the Rebellion in Brunei in 1962, Malaysia-Indonesia Confrontation 1963-1966 and support of the local community against the ideology of communism in Sarawak. This article also discusses the cooperation between the communist party with the outsider in Brunei, Indonesia, and communist community in Sarawak. This rebellion also threatened the government and caused people to live in fear. This study using the archival sources and libraries as referral sources such as materials and data from National Archives of Malaysia Sarawak Branch, State Library of Sarawak, Repository Sarawak, Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka Sarawak Branch, and Tuanku Bainun Library, Sultan Idris Education University. The fact that was obtained have been interpreted and written in the form of narrative as well as emphasising the aspects of cause and effect. The communists started a campaign of violence in Sarawak after the propaganda movements and activities infiltrated political parties to attract as many people as possible to join them were less successful. Assistance from outsiders increased their confidence to mobilize the struggle on a large scale. This rebellion also gave negative affects on economic, political, and social development.

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Published
2021-12-24
How to Cite
Ja’afar, A. S., & Mohamed Maiddin, S. H. (2021). Propaganda and Violence of the Communist Party in Sarawak, 1963-1972. Perspektif Jurnal Sains Sosial Dan Kemanusiaan, 13(2), 52-62. https://doi.org/10.37134/perspektif.vol13.2.6.2021