A Preliminary Study on School Experience and Its Practicality on Islamic Sexual Education for Transgender Children in Malaysia
In a Malaysian school, transgender children and their sexual orientation pose a variety of challenges for them to fit in the school community. Nevertheless, school children who are transgender will still have to seek proper and fair schooling in their future. The purpose of this study is to identify and prepare transgender children for proper education on the basis of their gender identity and expression for those who is potentially becoming a transgender. The method adopted in the study was a qualitative approach by using a narrative literature review. As for the study, it was noticed that Malaysia is not yet in favour of promoting transgender children, notably in educational settings. During their school times, the majority of transgender people in Malaysia including children are found to suffer a greater challenge, persecution and bullied. Hence, there are four aspects to be highlighted: development of the policy, educational system, school counsellors and Islamic Sexual Education in order to prepare transgender children in school.
Anneliese, A. S. & Theodore, R. B. (2009). Creating Developmentally Appropriate, Safe Counseling Environments for Transgender Youth: The Critical Role of School Counselors, Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, Vol 3:3-4, 215-234.
Ani, A.Z and Zaleha, A.M. (2016). The Islamic Perspectives of Gender-Related Issues in theManagement of Patients With Disorders of Sex Development. Archives of Sexual Behavior. Vol 46 (2), 1-8.
Article 12. Gender Recognition Act: Accessed date 25 June 2019 http://www.oireachtas.ie/documents/bills28/acts/2015/a2515.pdf.
Azizah, J., Chan, S. L. (2008). Design Approach of Malaysian Sexual Educational Courseware (MSE) for Secondary Schools. e WSEAS Conferences in Istanbul, Turkey, May 27-30, 2008.
Brydum, S. (2013). ‘Trans Six-Year-Old is Argentina’s Youngest to Amend Gender on Birth Certificate’ in The Advocate. 28 September 2013. Accessed date 25 June 2019 at: www.advocate.com/politics/transgender/2013/09/28/trans-six-year-old-argentinas-youngest-amend-gender-birth.
Coolhart, D. & MacKnight, V .(2015). Working with Transgender Youths and Their Families: Counselors and Therapists as Advocates for Trans-Affirmative School Environments, Journal of Counselor Leadership and Advocacy. Vol 2 (1), 51-64.
Department of Statistic Malaysia (2018). CHILDREN STATISTICS PUBLICATION, MALAYSIA. 2018.
Ehrensaft, D. (2009). One pill makes you boy, one pill makes you girl. International. Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies, Vol 6(1), 12–24.
Elizabethe, P & Melissa, S. (2014). The Big Freak Out: Educator Fear in Response to the Presence of Transgender Elementary School Students, Journal of Homosexuality, Vol 61:3, 399-418.
German Federal Court from March 16, 1982, Reference number 1 BvR 938/81
Greytak, E. A., Kosciw, J. G., & Diaz, E. M. (2009). Harsh realities: The experiences of transgender youth in our nation’s schools. New York, NY: GLSEN.
Human Rights Watch. (2014). Europe: Progress for Transgender Rights. Accessed date 7 July 2019 at: http://www.hrw.org/news/2014/06/24/europe-progress-transgender-rights
Jahan, N., Naveed, S., Zeshan, M., & Tahir, M. A. (2016). How to Conduct a Systematic Review: A Narrative Literature Review. Cureus, 8(11)
Jin, K. K. & Sew, K. L. (2017). Proposing a collaborative approach for school counseling, International Journal of School & Educational Psychology. Routledge; Taylor and Francis Group.
Johari, T., Maharam, M., Maznah, I. & Zulkifli, M. (2012). Analysis on sex education in schools across Malaysia. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. Vol 59 ( 2012) 340-348.
Julia, T. N., Jake, P., Kelley, W., Stephen, F., Cindy, H., Jemma, T., Mari-Lynne, S., Ally, J. & Sarah, P. (2018). A critical commentary on follow-up studies and “desistance” theories about transgender and gender-nonconforming children, International Journal of Transgenderism. International Journal of Transgenderism. Taylor & Francis Group,1-13.
Kosciw, J. G., E. A. Greytak, N. M. Giga, C. Villenas, and D. J. Danischewski. (2016). The 2015 National School Climate Survey: The Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Youth in Our Nation’s Schools. New York. NY: Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network (GLSEN).
Kosciw, J. G., Greytak, E. A., Diaz, E. M. & Bartkiewicz, M. J. (2010). The 2009 National School Climate Survey (New York, NY, Gay, Lesbian, and Straight Education Network).
Kristopher, G & Janalee, B (2018). Transgender and gender nonconforming students in schools: one school district’s approach for creating safety and respect, Sex Education. Journal of Sexuality, Society and Learning, 1-14.
Lily, M.M and Azman, M.N.A. (2013). Preschool Education in Malaysia: Emerging Trends and Implications for the Future. American Journal of Economics. Vol 3(6), 347-351.
Low, S. K., Kok, J. K., & Lee, M. N. (2013). A holistic approach to school-based counselling and guidance services in Malaysia. School Psychology International, 34(2), 190–201.
Luecke, J.C. (2011). Working with Transgender Children and Their Classmates in Pre-Adolescence: Just Be Supportive. Journal of LGBT Youth, Vol 8, 116–156.
Mark, H. (2009). Transgender Children in Schools. Liminalis: journal for sex/gender emancipation and resistance, 81-99.
McCarthy, L. (2003). Wearing My Identity: A Transgender Teacher in the Classroom, Equity & Excellence in Education, Vol 36 (2), 170-183.
Mohammad Kowsar, B. (2014). Inclusion of Sex Education in School Curriculum of Bangladesh: Parents’ Attitude. IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education. Vol 4 (5), 32-40.
Mokhtar, M., Mursyidah, I., Nor Atiah, Nangkula., Utaberta., Mohd Yunos, Mohd Yazid., Ismail, Sumarni., Ariffin and Noor Fazamimah (2015). Understanding Islamic education for pre-school children in Malaysia. Advances in Environment Biology, 9 (24). pp. 118-120.
Muhamad Zahiri, A.M. (2005). Values underpinning sex education from an Islamic perspective: Implication on the sex education in Malaysian curriculum. PhD theses. International Islamic University Malaysia.
National Human Rights Society Malaysia. (2018). Report on: Bullying in Malaysian Schools.
Neary, A., and Cross, C. (2018) Exploring Gender Identity and Gender Norms in Primary Schools: The Perspectives of Educators and Parents of Transgender and Gender Variant Children, Limerick: University of Limerick and the Transgender Equality Network of Ireland.
No Author. Article 5 of the Argentinean Gender Identity and Health Comprehensive Care for Transgender People Act (Decree No. 773/12, of Gender Identity
Act No. 26.743).
Nurtihah, M. N., Abdul Nasir, Z, Mohd Fitri, Yusoff., Fadzilah, S. (2014). Islamic Sex Education (ISE) Conceptual Model of Cognitive Theories–The Findings. Jurnal Teknologi. Vol 68 (2), 13-18.
Olson, K.R. & Enright, E.A. (2017). Do transgender children (gender) stereotype less than their peers and siblings? Developmental Science. John Wileys & Sons Ltd.
Olson, K.R. (2016). Prepubescent Transgender Children: What We Do and Do Not Know. Journal Of The American Academy Of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. VOL 55 (3), 155-159.
Olson, K.R., Key, A.C and Eaton, N.R. (2015). Gender Cognition in Transgender Children. Psychological Science. Vol 26(4), 467–474
Rebecca, L. S., Jody, L.H., Amira, H. Transgender parenting: A review of existing research. The William Institute. University of California.
Roziana, Z., Aminudin, H., Juhazren, J and Siti Suhaila, I. (2018). Sexual Exposure Among Primary School Children. International Journal for Studies on Children, Women, Elderly And Disabled, Vol 4 (6), 46-52.
Vadevelu, K., Singh, P. S. J., Firdaus, R. B. R., Samsurijan, M. S., Latif, A. R. A., & Haizzan, M. (2018). Transgender Coping Strategies Dealing with Family Members in Penang, Malaysia. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 8(2), 85–96.
Varjas, K. Dew, B., Marshall, M., Graybill, E. Singh, A., Meyers, J. & Lamar Birckbichler, L. 2008. Bullying in Schools Towards Sexual Minority Youth, Journal of School Violence, 7:2, 59-86
Victor, L. (2008). Systematic Reviewing in the Social Sciences: Outcomes and Explanation. Journal of Enquire. Vol 1 (1), 32-46.
Wong, Y. (2004). Sex education, start from children born, Early Childhood Education, Vol 22, 9-10.
Yik, K.T. (1998). Understanding the Problems of Mak Nyahs (male transsexuals in Malaysia). South East Asia Research. Vol 6 (2), 165-180.
Yik, K. T. (2001). Mak Nyahs (male transsexuals) in Malaysia. The Influence of Culture and Religion on their Identity.
Zaini., Fadilah, Ab. Rahman, Hamidah , Md. Shah, Ishak, Abd. Kadir, Hamdan .(2004). Pengaruh pelajar lembut terhadap perkembangan sahsiah pelajar dan imej UTM menuju ke arah "World Class University". Project Report. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. (Unpublished).
Copyright (c) 2020 UPSI Press, Malaysia
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.