The self-care behaviour association with quality of life among Chinese ethnic with heart failure in Malaysia

Perhubungan antara tingkah laku penjagaan diri dan kualiti hidup di antara etnik Cina dengan kegagalan jantung di Malaysia

  • Chong Yen Yee Faculty of Human Development, Sultan Idris Education University, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Nor Firdous Mohamed Faculty of Human Development, Sultan Idris Education University, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Nor Ashikin Md Sari Faculty of Medicines, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Nur Amani Ahmad Tajuddin Faculty of Medicines, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Keywords: Heart failure, Malaysia, Chinese ethnic, Quality of life, Self-care

Abstract

The aim of this study is to determine the association between self-care behaviour and quality of life among the Chinese ethnic with heart failure (HF) in Malaysia. A cross-sectional survey design was conducted with 80 HF patients. The average age of participants was 61.39 years old (M = 61.39, SD = 15.88). Chinese version of Self-care Heart Failure Index version 6.2 and the World Health Organization Quality of life-BREF were utilized in this study. Pearson’s correlation and t-test were tested to run the analysis. Current findings suggested that the construct of confident to conduct self-care is significantly correlated positively with quality of life (r = .41, p<0.01). There is a significant difference in self-care management between genders [t(78) = -2.94, p=.00] and illness comorbidities [t(78) = -2.07, p=.04]. Hence, it is suggested that element of confidence is one of the important factors to be considered in future self-care interventions. Through this study, researchers and health-care providers could deduce effective interventions and education considering genders and illness comorbidities in order to improve self-care behaviours and quality of life.

Abstrak

Tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perhubungan antara tingkah laku penjagaan diri dan kualiti hidup di antara etnik Cina kegagalan jantung di Malaysia. Kajian tinjauan keratan rentas dilaksanakan pada 80 pesakit kegagalan jantung. Umur rata-rata peserta adalah 61.39 tahun (min = 61.39, sisihan piawai = 15.88). Indeks Kegagalan Jantung Rawatan Penjagaan Diri versi 6.2 dan Kualiti Hidup Organisasi Kesihatan Sedunia-BREF versi Cina digunakan dalam kajian ini. Korelasi Pearson dan ujian-t adalah ujian untuk menjalankan analisis. Penemuan semasa menunjukkan bahawa keyakinan diri berkorelasi positif secara signifikan dengan kualiti hidup (r = .41, p <0.01). Terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan dalam pengurusan penjagaan diri antara jantina [t ( 78) = -2.94, p = .00] dan komorbiditi penyakit [t (78) = -2.07, p = .04]. Justeru, intervensi harus dilaksanakan untuk meningkatkan keyakinan diri agar kualiti hidup meningkat di kalangan etnik Cina pesakit kegagalan jantung dengan mempertimbangkan perbezaan jantina dan komorbiditi. Melalui kajian ini, penyelidik dan penjawat perubatan dapat menyimpulkan intervensi dan pendidikan yang berkesan dengan mempertimbangkan jantina dan komorbiditi penyakit untuk meningkatkan tingkah laku penjagaan diri dan kualiti hidup.

Kata kunci:Kegagalan jantung, Malaysia, Etnik Cina, Kualiti Hidup, Penjagaan Diri

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Published
2021-03-17
How to Cite
Yen Yee, C., Mohamed, N. F., Md Sari, N. A., & Ahmad Tajuddin, N. A. (2021). The self-care behaviour association with quality of life among Chinese ethnic with heart failure in Malaysia. EDUCATUM Journal of Social Sciences, 7(1), 77-82. https://doi.org/10.37134/ejoss.vol7.1.8.2021