New media and political activities among Malay youth in Selangor

Media baharu dan aktiviti politik belia Melayu di Selangor

  • Marshelayanti Mohamad Razali Jabatan Pengajian Moral, Sivik dan Pembangunan Karakter, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Nafisah Ilham Hussin Jabatan Pengajian Moral, Sivik dan Pembangunan Karakter, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
Keywords: new media, political activities, youth, Selangor, demographic factors

Abstract

In Malaysia, the use of new media in the political sphere is increasing especially after the tenth General Election. In terms of age group, youths are the highest group using this new media. However, how do these youths use the new media for political purposes? Therefore, this article aims to analyse the use of new media for political activities among youth in Selangor. In particular, this article examines political activity through new media, the level of media consumption for political activity, and the relationship between demographic factors and the use of new media for political activity. Using the survey as a method of data collection, 200 respondents aged between 18-40 years were randomly selected in Selangor to answer the questionnaire. The data were analyzed using SPSS software (Statistic Packages for Social Science) version 22.0. In general, the study has found that the respondents used online newspapers to obtain news and political information. Further analysis has found that the Malay youths in Selangor had the highest use of new media and there is a significant relationship between the use of new media and residential areas. This article describes the impact of the use of new media on political participation, in which youths are involved in political activities through new forms. This article also suggests that more research need to be done in the future on the role that new media plays in Malaysian politics as a whole.

Abstrak

Di Malaysia, penggunaan media baharu dalam aspek politik semakin meluas terutamanya selepas Pilihan Raya Umum ke-10. Dari segi kumpulan umur, belia merupakan golongan yang paling tinggi menggunakan media baharu ini. Namun, bagaimanakah golongan belia ini menggunakan media baharu bagi tujuan politik? Oleh itu, artikel ini bertujuan untuk menilai penggunaan media baharu bagi aktiviti politik dalam kalangan belia di Selangor. Khususnya, artikel ini meneliti aktiviti politik menerusi media baharu, tahap penggunaan media baharu bagi aktiviti politik, dan hubungan di antara faktor demografi dan penggunaan media baharu bagi aktiviti politik. Dengan menggunakan survei sebagai kaedah pengumpulan data, seramai 200 responden yang berumur di antara umur 18-40 tahun telah dipilih secara rawak di Selangor untuk menjawab borang soal selidik. Data-data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan menggunakan perisian SPSS (Statistic Packages for Social Science) versi 22.0. Secara umumnya, dapatan kajian mendapati bahawa responden menggunakan akhbar dalam talian untuk memperoleh berita dan maklumat politik. Analisis tambahan selanjutnya mendapati bahawa belia Melayu di Selangor mempunyai tahap penggunaan media baharu yang tinggi dan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara penggunaan media baharu dan kawasan tempat tinggal. Artikel ini menggambarkan kesan penggunaan media baharu terhadap penyertaan politik, iaitu belia terlibat dengan aktiviti politik melalui bentuk baharu. Artikel ini turut mencadangkan lebih banyak kajian perlu dilakukan pada masa depan mengenai peranan yang dimainkan oleh media baharu dalam politik Malaysia secara keseluruhan.

Kata kunci: media baharu, aktiviti politik, belia, Selangor, faktor demografi.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Almond, G. A., & Verba, S. (1963). The civic culture: Political attitudes and democracy in five nations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Department of Defense Education Activity. (2020). Political Activity. Dimuat turun daripada https://www.dodea.edu/Offices/Counsel/pa.cfm

De Vreese, C. H., & Moeller, J. (2014). Communication and political socialization. Dalam C. Reinemann (Pnyt.), Political communication (ms. 529–546). Berlin: De Gruyter.

Ezhar Tamam, & Md. Salleh Hassan. (2015). Online and social media for political participation among young adults. Dalam Aida Mokhtar (Pnyt.), Youths, Media and Politics: A New Identity (hlm. 136–161). Kangar: Penerbit Universiti Malaysia Perlis.

Fatimah Akmal, & Ali Salman. (2015). Partisipasi politik belia secara ‘online’ melalui ruang demokrasi maklumat media baru. Jurnal Komunikasi, 31(1), 81-100.

Institut Penyelidikan Pembangunan Belia Malaysia. (2018). Belia paling ramai mengikut negeri [Info Grafik]. Dimuat turun daripada http://www.iyres.gov.my/index.php/ms/belia-paling-ramai-mengikut-negeri

Institut Penyelidikan Pembangunan Belia Malaysia. (2019). Statistik Populasi Penduduk & Penduduk Belia Mengikut Kategori Umur, Jantina, Etnik, Daerah & Negeri Di Malaysia. Dimuat turun daripada https://ydata.iyres.gov.my/iyresbankdataV2/www/index.php?r=pub/home/readcontent4&id=134

Institut Penyelidikan Pembangunan Belia Malaysia (IPPBM). (2020). Indeks belia Malaysia 2019: Mengukur kesejahteraan hidup Belia Malaysia. Dimuat turun daripada https://www.iyres.gov.my/images/penerbitan/Penilaian%20Outcome%20Indeks%20Belia%20Malaysia%202019%20(IBM19).pdf

Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia, (2010). Jumlah penduduk mengikut kumpulan umur, jantina, kumpulan etnik, strata dan negeri, Malaysia. Dimuat turun daripada https://www.dosm.gov.my/censusatlas/images/EthnicEN.pdf

Kenyon, A. T., & Marjoribanks, T. (2007). Transforming media markets: The cases of Malaysia and Singapore. Australian Journal of Emerging Technologies and Society, 5(2), 103–118.

Koc, M., & Tamer, S. L. (2011). The investigation of Turkish high school students’ Internet use profiles across their demographics. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 2912–2916. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.04.213

Logan, Robert K. (2010). Understanding new media: Extending Marshall McLuhan. Dimuat turun daripada https://books.google.com.my/books?id=Z8RhVp7B5uAC&pg=PA1&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=2#v=onepage&q&f=false.

Mohd Fuad Mat Jali & Junaidi Awang Besar. (2012). Pendapat dan keperluan generasi muda di kawasan Parlimen Muar, Johor. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 7(1), 50-63.

Mohd Sobhi Ishak, Norsiah Abdul Hamid, Mansor Mohd Noor & Azizah Sarkowi. (2015). Social media, politics and youths. Dalam Aida Mokhtar (Pnyt.), Youths, Media and Politics: A New Identity (ms. 1–25). Kangar: Penerbit Universiti Malaysia Perlis.

Moten, A. R. (2011). Changing political culture and electoral behavior in Malaysia. Asian Affairs: An American Review, 38(1), 39–56. doi: https://10.1080/00927678.2010.548201

Ohme, J., & De Vreese, C. H. (2020). Traditional and “New Media” Forms and Political Socialization. Dalam J. Bulck (Pnyt.), The International Encyclopedia of Media Psychology (Edisi Pertama). Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119011071.iemp0167

Polat, R. K. (2005). The Internet and political participation: Exploring the explanatory links. European Journal of Communication, 20(4), 435–459. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0267323105058251

Rashila Ramli. (2012). Youth political participation in Asia: Outlooks in Malaysia and Indonesia. Dalam W. Hofmeister (Pnyt.), Youth: Future Agents of Change or Guardians of Establishment? (ms. 11–18). Singapore: Konrad Adenauer Stiftung.

Selangor ketuai sumbangan KDNK dalam ekonomi nasional. (30 Oktober 2015). Dimuat turun daripada http://www.astroawani.com/berita-bisnes/selangor-ketuai-sumbangan-kdnk-dalam-ekonomi-nasional-78750

Soh, P. C. H., Chew, K. W., Veeri Chettiar Arumugan, & Ang, P. H. (2011). Ethnic-based digital divide and internet use amongst Malaysian students. Akademika 81(1), 93-100.

Suruhanjaya Komunikasi dan Multimedia Malaysia. (2017). Internet user survey 2017. Dimuat turun daripada https://www.mcmc.gov.my/skmmgovmy/media/General/pdf/MCMC-Internet-Users-Survey-2017_v2.pdf

Suruhanjaya Komunikasi dan Multimedia Malaysia. (2018). Communications and multimedia: Facts and figures 2018. Dimuat turun daripada https://www.mcmc.gov.my/skmmgovmy/media/General/pdf/CM-Facts-and-Figures-3Q18.pdf

Syed Arabi Idid. (2015). The young Malaysian voter. Dalam Aida Mokhtar (Pnyt.), Youths, Media and Politics: A New Identity (ms. 1–25). Kangar: Penerbit Universiti Malaysia Perlis.

Wan Asna Wan Mohd Nor, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Mohamad Zaini Abu Bakar, & Zainon Harun. (2011a). Patterns of internet and traditional media use for political information and political participation in Malaysia. International Journal of Cyber Society and Education, 4(1), 31–38.

Zawiyah Mohd Zain, Mohamad Agus Yusoff, & Zaheruddin Othman. (2015). Internet dan kebangkitan demokrasi siber di Malaysia: Analisis pilihan raya umum 1999 dan 2008. Malaysian Journal of Society and Space, 11(6), 56-66.

Published
2021-01-15
How to Cite
Mohamad Razali, M., & Ilham Hussin, N. (2021). New media and political activities among Malay youth in Selangor. EDUCATUM Journal of Social Sciences, 7(1), 45-54. https://doi.org/10.37134/ejoss.vol7.1.5.2021