Phonological Fossilization of Arabic Pronunciation among Malays: A Review Article
Kekerasan Lidah terhadap Penyebutan Huruf Arab dalam Kalangan orang Melayu: Satu Sorotan Kajian
Arabic pronunciation has been used widely among Malay speakers in worshiping and religious deeds. However, tongue hardness has affected the Arabic pronunciation among Malays including the factor of different language system. Mahjub’s Theory (1993) mentioned that there were nine the most difficult Arabic sounds to non-native speakers. This concept paper aims only a major objective which is to develop and propose a conceptual framework for the application of air pressure control technique in the vocal tract for reducing phonological fossilization of Arabic pronunciation among Malays. This concept paper is a qualitative study which use library research method, with research for the most part of researches that related to phonological fossilization in second language that were compiled to be analyzed in order to comprehend the concept of phonological fossilization. Besides, observation method towards previous scientific research was made particularly research on the articles that were published in international academic journal. A conceptual framework then will be utilized to apply the technique of air pressure control in the vocal tract that constructed based on Warren’s Theory of Air Pressure Regulation (1986). The technique is then expected to help in improving particularly the pronunciation of the nine most difficult Arabic sounds among Malays.
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