The early phase of marriage experiences (1 to 5 years) as the wife of drug addicts: An exploration study

Pengalaman fasa awal perkahwinan (1 hingga 5 tahun) sebagai isteri penagih dadah : Satu kajian penerokaan

  • Ezarina binti Zakaria Pusat Kajian Psikologi dan Kesejahteraan Manusia, Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, MALAYSIA
  • Fauziah binti Ibrahim Pusat Kajian Psikologi dan Kesejahteraan Manusia, Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, MALAYSIA
Keywords: wife experiences, early phase in marriage, drug addict husband, marriage risk, drug abuse

Abstract

The article discusses the experience faced by the wives when their husbands are involved in drug abuse. This case study focuses on the impact of drug abusers in their early phase of marriage (from 1 to 5 years of marriage) which is still lack of  emphasized. The objective of the study was to explore the experiences of women who lived in at-risk households after being married to drug addicts. The case study used a qualitative method. A total of ten women were selected as informants using snowball sampling. Data collection was conducted through face-to-face interviews. All informants were divorced before they reached five years of marriage. The experiences in their early phase of marriage have shown that all informants were: i) often beaten by their husbands; ii) worried about their personal safety due to their husbands’ behaviors who are also involved in other crimes; iii) facing dual-burden as their husbands did not provide any basic needs in the households; and iv) feeling uncomfortable during sexual intercourse due to their husbands forced and rough behavior. Although marriage can be a protective factor in avoiding social problems, however the drug abuse issues at an early phase of marriage, especially within 1 to 5 years, can cause risks and conflicts in the households. The study implies the importance of specific interventions for women, whose husbands are drug-addicts, to remain alert and be aware of the risks of domestic abuse. It is also important for these young mothers to have exposure on the roles of existing social support agencies and experts who can be consulted when dealing with drug abuse.

Artikel ini membincangkan pengalaman isteri apabila suami terlibat menyalahguna dadah. Kajian kes ini menumpu kepada impak penyalahgunaan dadah dalam fasa awal perkahwinan (tempoh 1 hingga 5 tahun berkahwin) yang masih kurang diberi perhatian. Objektif kajian adalah untuk meneroka pengalaman wanita yang pernah melalui kehidupan rumahtangga berisiko apabila berkahwin dengan seorang penagih dadah. Kajian kes ini menggunakan kaedah kualitatif. Seramai sepuluh orang wanita telah dipilih sebagai informan menggunakan persampelan snow ball. Pengumpulan data dijalankan secara temu bual bersemuka. Kesemua informan telah bercerai sebelum perkahwinan mencapai tempoh lima tahun. Pengalaman dalam fasa awal menunjukkan kesemua informan i) sering dipukul suami, ii) merasa bimbang dengan keselamatan diri akibat suami juga terlibat jenayah lain, iii) bebanan dwiperanan isteri apabila suami tidak menyediakan nafkah dan iv) rasa tidak selesa apabila suami kerap memaksa melakukan hubungan intim secara kasar. Walaupun perkahwinan boleh menjadi faktor pelindung daripada masalah sosial, namun risiko rumahtangga berkonflik dan tidak stabil menjadi tinggi bagi perkahwinan fasa 1 hingga 5 tahun akibat penyalahgunaan dadah. Kajian ini memberi implikasi pentingnya intervensi khusus bagi wanita yang mempunyai suami terjebak dadah agar sentiasa peka dengan risiko penderaan domestik. Amat penting untuk ibu muda ini diberi pendedahan peranan agensi sokong bantu dan pakar yang boleh dirujuk apabila berhadapan dengan penyalahgunaan dadah.

Kata kunci: pengalaman isteri, fasa awal perkahwinan, suami penagih dadah, risiko rumahtangga, penyalahgunaan dadah

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

AADK, (2021). Statistik Penagih Dadah Mengikut Negeri 2014 – 2019. https://www.adk.gov.my/en/public/drugs-statistics/ retrieved 19 April 2021

Abe Sophian, A. R., Zuliza, M. K. A., & Fakhri, O. (2014). “Faktor Penceraian di Mahkamah Syariah Bahagian Mukah, Sarawak dari tahun 2000 hingga 2010. Jurnal Islamiyyat, 36(1).

Barbara C. Moore, Caroline J. Easton, and Thomas J. McMahon. 2011 Drug Abuse and Intimate Partner Violence: A Comparative Study of Opioid-Dependent Fathers. Am J Orthopsychiatry, 81(2), 218–227.

Clarke, V., & Braun, V. (2013). Successful Qualitative Research: A Practical Guide for Beginners. London: Sage.

Daley, D.C. (2013). Family and social aspects of substance use disorders and treatment. Journal Food Drug Anal, 21(4), 73–76.

Dew, J.P & Steward, R. (2012). A Financial Issue, a Relationship Issue, or Both? Examining the Predictors of Marital Financial Conflict. Journal of Financial Therapy, 3(1), 43-61.

Edwards, A.C., Lönn, S. L., Sundquist, J., Kendler, K. S., & Sundquist, K. (2017). Associations between divorce and onset of drug abuse in a Swedish national sample. American Journal of Epidemiology. 187(5), 1010 – 1018.

Ezarina Z. (2020). Jenayah Jalanan dan Sumber Pekerjaan. Dlm. Fauziah Ibrahim, Ezarina Zakaria & Norulhuda Sarnon. Jenayah Jalanan : Isu, Punca dan Mekanisme Pencegahan, hlm 68-79. Bangi: Penerbit UKM

Ezarina. Z., Fauziah. I., Salina. Nen., Norjana. S., & Mohd Norahim. MS. (2016). Perbandingan peluang pekerjaan oleh majikan kepada bekas penagih dadah di Malaysia. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies (JATI),21, 124-141.

Ibrahim, F., Zakaria, E., Hassan, N., Kamaluddin, M. R., Wan Sulaiman, W. S., & Yunos, N. A. (2021). Profiles and Experiences of Drug Use and Criminal Involvement among Malay Offenders in Malaysia. EDUCATUM Journal of Social Sciences, 7(1), 55-66.

Ibrahim, F., Mohd Hoesni, S., Zakaria, E., Nen, S., Sarnon, N., Alavi, K., Subhi, N., & Mohamad, MS. (2020). Drug abuse and the involvement of prisoners in street crimes. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation,24(04), 4508 – 4516.

Goldenberg, H. & Goldenberg, I. (2012). Family Therapy: An Overview (8th ed). Singapore: Cengage Learning.

Härkönen, J. 2013. Divorce: Trends, Patterns, Causes, Consequences. Stockholm Research Reports in Demography: 7

Klostermann, K. & O’Farrell, T.J. (2013). Treatment of substance abuse: Partner and family approaches. Social Work Public Health,28, 234–247.

Miller, S.M., Siegel, J. T., Hohman, Z., & Crano, W.D. (2013). Factors mediating the association of the regency of parent’s marijuana use and their adolescent children’s subsequent initiation. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 27(3), 848-853.

Namita Sinha 2018. Effect of marital status on substance abuse - A review. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research, 9(5H), 27012-27015.

Nur Juwariyah, M. (2011). Fasakh di dalam Enakmen Undang-undang Pentadbiran Keluarga Islam (Negeri Terengganu) tahun 1985. Tesis Disertasi, Fakulti Pendidikan, UTM.

Siti Marziah, Z., Asila Nur Adlynd., MS., Salina, N., & Nor Ba’yah, AK. (2020). Perception of Marital Quality among Young Married Couples in Selangor. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation.24(04), 4115 – 4129.

Siti Marziah, Z., Abdul Rahman, AB., Nor Ba’yah, AK., & Salina, N. (2018). Pengukuran dan peramal perkahwinan berkualiti: Satu sorotan. Journal of Education and Social Sciences,9(1) , 59 – 64.

Sofie, V., An Katrien, S., Charlotte, D., & Koen, M. (2017). Alternating Residence for Children After Parental Separation: Recent Findings from Belgium. Family Court Review : An Interdisciplinary Journal, 55(4), 545 – 555.

Suchman, NE., Pajulo, J. & Mayes, LC. (2013). Parenting and Substance Abuse: Developmental Approaches to Intervention. New York: Oxford University Press

Zainah, AZ., Rohany. N., Asmawati, D., Rozainee, K., Fatimah, Y., Siti Hajar, MY. (2013). Kefungsian keluarga, pengherotan kognitif dan resilien dalam kalangan klien Cure and Care Rehabilitation Centre (CCRC) dan Klinik Cure and Care (C&C). Jurnal Psikologi Malaysia, 27: 137-149.

Zainah, A. Z., Nasir, R., Hashim, R. S., & Md Yusof, N. (2012). Effects of demographic variables on marital satisfaction. Asian Social Science, 8 (9), 46–49.

Published
2021-07-01
How to Cite
Zakaria, E., & Ibrahim, F. (2021). The early phase of marriage experiences (1 to 5 years) as the wife of drug addicts: An exploration study. EDUCATUM Journal of Social Sciences, 7(2), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.37134/ejoss.vol7.2.1.2021