Profiles and Experiences of Drug Use and Criminal Involvement among Malay Offenders in Malaysia

Profil dan Pengalaman Menggunakan Dadah dan Keterlibatan Jenayah Dalam Kalangan Banduan Melayu di Malaysia

  • Fauziah binti Ibrahim Pusat Kajian Psikologi dan Kesejahteraan Manusia, Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi Selangor
  • Ezarina binti Zakaria Pusat Kajian Psikologi dan Kesejahteraan Manusia, Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi Selangor
  • Nazirah binti Hassan Pusat Kajian Psikologi dan Kesejahteraan Manusia, Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi Selangor
  • Mohammad Rahim bin Kamaluddin Pusat Kajian Psikologi dan Kesejahteraan Manusia, Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi Selangor
  • Wan Shahrazad binti Wan Sulaiman Pusat Kajian Psikologi dan Kesejahteraan Manusia, Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi Selangor
  • Nurul Atiqah binti Yunos Pusat Kajian Psikologi dan Kesejahteraan Manusia, Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi Selangor
Keywords: drug offenders, Malay, drugs, crime, experience

Abstract

The problem of drug use and crime worries many people as it threatens the well-being, harmony and security of the country and society. Over the years, this problem has been often associated with Malays compared to other ethnics. This study aims to identify the profiles and experiences of drug use and crime among Malay offenders. The study was conducted using a quantitative cross-sectional survey. A total of 301 Malay offenders who were charged for drug-related offences and serving their sentences in the Malaysian Prison Department were selected to participate in the study. The study has found that the majority of offenders involved in drug use and crime offences are young people aged 21-39 years old, unmarried, attained at least lower and/or upper secondary education SRP/SPM, employed prior to custody, and had income below than RM3,850 per month (B40). Based on their experiences of drug use, most offenders reported that they obtain drugs from the dealers and the average age of first drug use is between 30 to 35 years old. Methamphetamine is a popular drug used by majority of Malay offenders, and it is due to incredible enjoyment and peer pressure. The study also reported offenders spent between RM50 and RM100 to buy drugs in a day. Based on the experiences of crime, most of offenders reported to commit crimes at least twice a week and preferred to commit crime alone than in groups. The type of crime offences reported by most of Malay offenders are drug dealing, theft and burglary instead of drug use. Findings of this study have implications for the implementation of effective intervention and management offenders in terms of providing counseling services, skills, education, prevention, treatment and rehabilitation among offenders.

Abstrak

Masalah dadah dan jenayah merupakan masalah yang membimbangkan banyak pihak kerana ia menggugat kesejahteraan, keharmonian dan keselamatan negara dan masyarakat. Masalah ini sejak dari dahulu sering dikaitkan dengan bangsa Melayu berbanding dengan bangsa-bangsa yang lain. Oleh itu kajian ini dilakukan bertujuan untuk mengenal pasti profil, pengalaman menggunakan dadah dan jenayah dalam kalangan banduan Melayu.  Kajian dijalankan dengan menggunakan reka bentuk kuantitatif secara tinjauan keratan-lintang (cross-sectional survey). Seramai 301 orang banduan Melayu yang terlibat dengan kes dadah dan sedang menjalani pemulihan dan tahanan di Jabatan Penjara Malaysia telah dipilih sebagai responden kajian. Hasil kajian mendapati majoriti banduan Melayu terlibat dengan dadah dan aktiviti jenayah adalah terdiri daripada golongan muda berusia 21-39 tahun, masih bujang, pendidikan pada tahap SPM, mempunyai pekerjaan tetap sebelum dipenjarakan dan pendapatan adalah di bawah RM3,850 sebulan (B40). Berdasarkan pengalaman menggunakan dadah, kebanyakan banduan Melayu memperoleh sumber bekalan dadah daripada pihak pengedar dan usia pertama kali menggunakan dadah dalam lingkungan usia 35-30 tahun. Dadah syabu merupakan dadah popular yang digunakan oleh kebanyakan banduan Melayu dan faktor menggunakan dadah adalah disebabkan oleh inginkan keseronokan dan pengaruh kawan.  Kajian juga mendapati sejumlah RM50-RM100 diperuntukan oleh banduan Melayu untuk membeli dadah dalam tempoh sehari. Berdasarkan pengalaman keterlibatan dengan jenayah, hasil kajian juga mendapati kebanyakan banduan Melayu melakukan aktiviti jenayah melebihi dua kali dalam tempoh seminggu dan mereka lebih gemar melakukan jenayah secara bersendirian berbanding secara berkumpulan. Jenis jenayah yang dilakukan oleh kebanyakan banduan Melayu adalah sebagai pengedar dadah, mencuri dan melakukan pecah rumah selain menggunakan dadah. Hasil kajian ini memberi implikasi terhadap pelaksanaan intervensi dan pengurusan banduan yang berkesan dari aspek penyediaan perkhidmatan kaunseling, kemahiran, pendidikan, pencegahan, rawatan dan pemulihan dalam kalangan banduan.

Kata kunci: banduan dadah, Melayu, dadah, jenayah, pengalaman

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Published
2021-03-02
How to Cite
Ibrahim, F., Zakaria, E., Hassan, N., Kamaluddin, M. R., Wan Sulaiman, W. S., & Yunos, N. A. (2021). Profiles and Experiences of Drug Use and Criminal Involvement among Malay Offenders in Malaysia. EDUCATUM Journal of Social Sciences, 7(1), 55-66. https://doi.org/10.37134/ejoss.vol7.1.6.2021