Ekplorasi seni visual melalui aktiviti lakaran asas terhadap kanak-kanak prasekolah

An exploration of visual arts through fundamental sketch activities to the preschool children

  • Muhamad Firdaus Ramli Jabatan Seni dan Reka Bentuk, Fakulti Seni, Komputer dan Industri Kreatif, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Rofidah Musa Jabatan Seni dan Reka Bentuk, Fakulti Seni, Komputer dan Industri Kreatif, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
Keywords: lakaran asas, kanak-kanak prasekolah, seni visual, basic sketches, preschool children, visual arts

Abstract

Penyelidikan ini mendedahkan ekplorasi estetika lakaran asas dalam aktiviti pendidikan kanak-kanak prasekolah terhadap kemahiran seni visual. Melalui lapangan pendidikan seni visual, kanak-kanak yang mempunyai bakat dalam memahami imej dan garisan dapat ditonjolkan dalam aktiviti melakar. Aktiviti lakaran asas ini melibatkan aspek fizikal dan kognitif dalam pembelajaran kanak-kanak di prasekolah. Fokus penyelidikan ini untuk mengenal pasti keupayaan guru dan kanak-kanak prasekolah yang terlibat dengan aktiviti teknik lakaran asas di dalam kelas. Seterusnya, tujuan kajian adalah untuk membuka aspek konsep pendidikan seni visual kepada keperluan pengajaran dan pembelajaran oleh guru. Pendekatan kajian berdasarkan kualitatif refleksi peserta mengikut subjek lakaran. Melalui aktiviti lakaran asas, penjelasan mengenai unsur dan prinsip pendidikan seni visual dengan asas teknik lakaran kepada guru dapat diperkembangkan. Persampelan kajian secara bertujuan dengan tiga tugasan dijalankan sebagai asas aktiviti interaksi fizikal oleh guru kepada kanak-kanak. Di samping itu, aktiviti kreativiti seni visual yang dirangka membolehkan penyelidik memberi tumpuan kepada lakaran asas yang dikemukakan oleh kanak-kanak. Hasil dapatan dari aktiviti kajian secara pemerhatian mampu mengetengahkan kemahiran praktikal melakar oleh kanak-kanak. Melalui teknik menggambar, asas kemahiran seni visual dapat ditingkatkan dengan kefahaman dan faktor kemenjadian dalam penerimaan kognitif kanak-kanak. Oleh yang demikian, signifikan dan implikasi dari penyelidikan ini berupaya meningkatkan motivasi guru mengenai pelaksanaan prosedur pengajaran melalui seni visual. Karya lakaran asas oleh kanak-kanak prasekolah berfungsi sebagai pelengkap kepada penanda aras keupayaan pengajaran oleh guru. Melalui aktiviti lakaran asas, kemahiran pengajaran terhadap subjek-subjek pembelajaran yang berkaitan dengan seni visual mampu diperkembangkan oleh guru. Konsep estetika dalam fokus penyelidikan ini dirangka untuk memperluaskan bidang pendidikan seni visual ke aras pengetahuan yang optimum.

This research reveals the exploration of basic sketch aesthetics in preschool children's educational activities on visual arts skills. Through the field of visual arts education, children who are talented in understanding images and lines can be featured in engaging activities. This basic drawing activity involves the physical and cognitive aspects of preschool learning. The focus of this research is to identify the capabilities of preschool teachers and children involved in basic drawing techniques in the classroom. Furthermore, the purpose of this study is to open up the aspects of visual arts education to the teaching and learning needs of teachers. A qualitative study based study approach based on sketch subjects. Through basic sketching activities, explanations of the elements and principles of visual arts education with the basics of drawing techniques for teachers can be developed. The study design was based on three (3) tasks carried out as the basis of physical activity by the teachers to the children. In addition, the visual arts creativity activities designed to allow researchers to focus on basic drawings presented by children. The findings from observational research activities highlight the practical skills of children. Through drawing techniques, the fundamentals of visual art skills can be enhanced by understanding and factors in children's cognitive reception. Therefore, the significance and implications of this research are to increase the motivation of teachers regarding the implementation of teaching procedures through visual arts. Basic sketching work by preschool children serves as a complement to the teacher's ability to teach. Through basic drawing activities, the teaching skills of the subjects related to visual arts can be developed by teachers. The aesthetic concept in the focus of this research is designed to extend the field of visual arts education to an optimum level of knowledge.

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Published
2020-06-09
How to Cite
Ramli, M. F., & Musa, R. (2020). Ekplorasi seni visual melalui aktiviti lakaran asas terhadap kanak-kanak prasekolah. Jurnal Pendidikan Awal Kanak-Kanak Kebangsaan, 9(1), 35-47. Retrieved from https://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/index.php/JPAK/article/view/3712