Indikator sokongan pembelajaran dalam reka bentuk flipped classroom bagi murid bermasalah pembelajaran berdasarkan kesepakatan pakar

Learning support indicators in flipped classroom design for student with learning disabilities based on expert agreement

  • Rohaizat Ibrahim Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Mohd Hanafi Mohd Yasin Fakulti Pendidikan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Roziah Ibrahim Fakulti Pendidikan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Noraini Abdullah Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
Keywords: kesepakatan pakar, murid bermasalah pembelajaran, flipped classroom, reka bentuk, sokongan pembelajaran, indikator, expert agreement, student with learning disabilities, design, learning support, indicator, fuzzy delphi

Abstract

Kini, pendekatan pengajaran dan pembelajaran secara dalam talian semakin diperkukuhkan. Namun, tahap aksesibiliti Murid Bermasalah Pembelajaran (MBP) untuk mendapatkan maklumat pembelajaran melalui Flipped Classroom masih lagi terhad. Maka, kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tentang indikator sokongan pembelajaran serta item utama yang diperlukan dalam reka bentuk Flipped Classroom bagi MBP berdasarkan kesepakatan pakar. Secara khusus, kajian yang dijalankan ini menggunakan kaedah kuantitatif dengan teknik Fuzzy Delphi. Seramai 11 orang pakar dalam bidang pendidikan khas serta reka bentuk dan teknologi terlibat dalam kajian ini. Dapatan menunjukkan sebanyak 11 item dalam indikator sokongan pembelajaran telah dipersetujui oleh pakar dan peratus kesepakatan adalah melebihi 75%. Dari segi keutamaan, item “Audio yang jelas.” memperoleh kedudukan tertinggi dengan nilai 0.897, manakala “Penggunaan ayat secara berstruktur.” memperoleh nilai terendah iaitu 0.767. Ini menunjukkan penggunaan audio yang jelas dapat menggantikan mesej berbentuk ayat kepada MBP. Penemuan ini dapat dijadikan panduan kepada guru dalam reka bentuk bahan pengajaran menggunakan Flipped Classroom serta memudahkan aksesibiliti murid MBP semasa menggunakan Flipped Classroom.

Today, online teaching and learning approaches are increasingly being strengthened. However, the level of accessibility of Students with Learning Disabilities (SLD) to obtain learning information through Flipped Classroom is still limited. Thus, this study aims to find out about learning support indicators as well as key items needed in the design of Flipped Classroom for SLD based on expert agreement. Specifically, this study uses quantitative methods with Fuzzy Delphi technique. A total of 11 experts in the field of special education as well as design and technology were involved in this study. Findings show that 11 items in the learning support indicators have been agreed by experts and the percentage of agreement is more than 75%. In terms of priority, the item "Clear audio" obtained the highest position with a value of 0.897 while "Structured sentence usage" obtained the lowest value of 0.767. This shows that the use of clear audio can replace sentence-shaped messages to SLD. This finding can be used as a guide for teachers in the design of teaching materials using Flipped Classroom as well as facilitate the accessibility of SLD while using Flipped Classroom.

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Published
2020-10-27
How to Cite
Ibrahim, R., Mohd Yasin, M. H., Ibrahim, R., & Abdullah, N. (2020). Indikator sokongan pembelajaran dalam reka bentuk flipped classroom bagi murid bermasalah pembelajaran berdasarkan kesepakatan pakar. Jurnal Pendidikan Awal Kanak-Kanak Kebangsaan, 9(2), 23-33. https://doi.org/10.37134/jpak.vol9.2.3.2020