Pemupukan sikap inkuiri kanak-kanak prasekolah melalui pendekatan projek

Fostering the inquiry attitude of preschool children through a project approach

  • Noraida Othman Pusat Penyelidikan Perkembangan Kanak-kanak Negara, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Norazilawati Abdullah Pusat Penyelidikan Perkembangan Kanak-kanak Negara, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Hamidah Idris Fakulti Sains dan Matematik, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
Keywords: pendidikan prasekolah, pendekatan projek, proses pembelajaran, holistik, inkuiri, preschool education, project approach, learning process, holistic, inquiry

Abstract

Proses pembelajaran merupakan aspek penting dalam memastikan perkembangan kanak-kanak. Terdapat beberapa pendekatan yang digunakan di prasekolah, semuanya digunakan adalah untuk memastikan setiap kanak-kanak mampu mencapai tahap perkembangan yang holistik. Kajian ini dijalankan untuk melihat sama ada pendekatan projek berkesan untuk menanamkan sikap inkuiri dalam diri kanak-kanak di prasekolah. Sampel kajian ini melibatkan 17 orang kanak-kanak yang berumur 6 tahun. Kajian ini dijalankan di Pusat Penyelidikan Perkembangan Kanak-kanak Negara (NCDRC), Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris. Kajian secara kualitatif ini menggunakan hasil lakaran kanak-kanak sepanjang projek dilaksanakan. Hasil dari pemerhatian mendapati, kaedah pendekatan projek dapat meningkatkan sikap inkuiri kanak-kanak di prasekolah. Bukan sahaja di prasekolah, malahan  sikap ingin tahu yang tinggi juga dapat dilihat apabila kanak-kanak sering mengajukan soalan kepada ibu bapa di rumah apabila mereka ingin mengetahui sesuatu yang di luar pengetahuan mereka. Proses pembelajaran yang dilalui sepanjang menjayakan projek memberikan pengalaman yang bermakna untuk kanak-kanak di prasekolah.

The learning process is an important aspect in ensuring the development of children. There are several approaches used in preschool, all of which are used to ensure that each child is able to reach a holistic level of development. This study was conducted to see whether the project approach is effective to inculcate inquiry attitudes in children in Preschool. The sample of this study involved 17 childrens aged 6 years. The study was conducted at the National Child Development Research Center (NCDRC), Sultan Idris Education University. This qualitative study uses the results of children's sketches throughout the project. The results of the observation found that the project approach method can improve the inquiry attitude of children in Preschool. Not only in Kindergarten, even a high curiosity can also be seen when children often ask questions to parents at home when they want to know something that is beyond their knowledge. The learning process that goes through throughout the success of the project provides a meaningful experience for children in preschool.

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Published
2021-05-05
How to Cite
Othman, N., Abdullah, N., & Idris, H. (2021). Pemupukan sikap inkuiri kanak-kanak prasekolah melalui pendekatan projek. Jurnal Pendidikan Awal Kanak-Kanak Kebangsaan, 10(2), 16-26. https://doi.org/10.37134/jpak.vol10.2.2.2021