Pergerakan Proses Lukisan Kanak-kanak dalam Lakaran Kasar Seni Visual

The Movement of the Child Drawing Process in Visual Art Rough Sketches

  • Norshahidah binti Mohd Rafi Fakulti Seni Gunaan dan Kreatif, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, MALAYSIA
  • Hakimi bin Halim Fakulti Seni Gunaan dan Kreatif, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, MALAYSIA
Keywords: Lakaran kasar, Pergerakan proses, Lukisan kanak-kanak, Lukisan sebenar, Analisis visual, Unsur-unsur seni

Abstract

Kajian membincangkan bidang seni visual semakin berkembang pada bidang penyelidikan kanak-kanak merujuk kepada hasil lukisan kanak-kanak. Hasil lukisan kanak-kanak tersebut menghasilkan lakaran kasar yang mempunyai kaitan dengan pergerakan proses dalam seni visual. Isu meneliti perbandingan lukisan sebenar mempunyai persamaan dengan lukisan kanak-kanak melalui hasil lakaran kasar dalam proses lukisan. Kajian kemudian, menggunakan teori Park dan Kim melalui tiga proses aliran iaitu pemerhatian, imaginasi dan melukis dalam proses lukisan kanak-kanak. Proses analisis dilakukan bagi menganalisis lukisan kanak-kanak dengan lebih mendalam melalui kaedah analisis visual. Pengkaji telah melawat 8 buah tadika dan menjalankan aktiviti lukisan bersama-sama pelajar tadika. Soalan lukisan telah diberikan kepada kanak-kanak berkenaan kehidupan kanak-kanak dan hanya 3 orang pelajar dipilih berdasarkan empat soalan lukisan. Dapatan kajian meneliti penghasilan unsur-unsur seni yang telah digunakan oleh kanak-kanak meneliti lakaran kasar yang telah dihasilkan. Lukisan kanak-kanak meneroka daya kreativiti dan kemahiran kanak-kanak bagi memahami pemikiran kanak-kanak dalam seni visual. 

Studies discussing the growing field of visual arts in the field of children’s research refer to the results of children’s drawings. The results of the children’s drawings produce rough sketches that have to do with the movement of processes in visual art. The issue of examining the comparison of actual drawings has similarities with children’s drawings through the results of rough sketches in the drawing process. The study then, uses Park and Kim’s theory through three flow processes namely observation, imagination and drawing in the process of children’s drawing. The analysis process is done to analyze children's drawings in more depth through visual analysis methods. The researcher visited 8 kindergartens and selected drawings by 3 kindergarten students based on 4 drawing questions selected based on the drawings produced. The findings of the study examined the production of art elements that have been used by children examining the rough sketches that have been produced. Children’s drawing explores children’s creativity and skills to understand children’s thinking in visual arts. 

Keywords: Rough sketch, Movement, Children's drawing, Real drawing, Visual analysi, Elements of art

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Published
2022-06-28
How to Cite
Mohd Rafi, N., & Halim, H. (2022). Pergerakan Proses Lukisan Kanak-kanak dalam Lakaran Kasar Seni Visual. Jurnal Pendidikan Awal Kanak-Kanak Kebangsaan, 11(1), 24-39. https://doi.org/10.37134/jpak.vol11.1.3.2022