The Desideratum of Metadiscourse Markers in Expository Writing


  • Siti Faridah Kamaruddin Academy of Language Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA Sarawak Branch, Mukah Campus, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • Naginder Kaur Academy of Language Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, Arau Campus, Malaysia



Metadiscourse, Expository Writing, Interactive Metadiscourse, Interactional Metadiscourse, Malaysian ESL Learners


Metadiscourse has often been explored through various types of writing, allowing novice writers to organise and negotiate propositional content with readers. By using effective metadiscourse markers, namely, interactive, and interactional markers, readers of expository essays would become more engaged and guided through their writing. Additionally, there is limited research in the literature on the use of metadiscourse among Malaysian novice writers. Hence, this review article aims to conceptualise the use of metadiscourse within the framework of expository genre by critically analysing the gaps in the literature. The conceptualisation will present relevant generic matters of the complexities of expository writing and the role of metadiscourse for organising content and assisting readers to interpret and understand the writer’s intended meaning. This would lead to the formulation of a revised metadiscourse model which can accommodate the needs of the expository genre and addresses the different functions involved in expository writing.


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How to Cite

Kamaruddin, S. F., & Kaur, N. (2024). The Desideratum of Metadiscourse Markers in Expository Writing. Jurnal Pendidikan Bitara UPSI, 17(1), 64–71.