Experience of Students in Problem-Based Learning for Science in A Sabah Secondary School: Preliminary Finding for A Case Study


  • Kian Hua Lai Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Mohd. Zaki Ishak Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Christina Peter Ligadu Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia




Problem-Based Learning (PBL), 21st Century Skills (21CS), Cognitive, Intrapersonal, Interpersonal Domains


Problem-based learning (PBL) is an alternative to conventional teaching methods for students to learn through real-world issues. The study aims to explore the PBL approach (as suggested in Malaysia Education Blueprint 2013-2025), which is students centered and has been employed in real-life settings. From the literature, students who learn through PBL possess the characteristics of self-directed and self-regulated learners who can collaborate and cooperate in learning. The background is contextual, which promotes students' motivation. As a result, students acquired 21st-century skills (21CS) consisting of cognitive, intrapersonal, and interpersonal domains. The author is interested in exploring the process of PBL via the Water Vision Program and the characteristics of students who learned through the PBL process. A qualitative case study was conducted using semi-structured interviews. The participants were a teacher as facilitator and two students who were involved with the Water Vision Program. The data underwent thematic analysis, and three main themes emerged: the learning process through PBL, challenges, and student development.


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How to Cite

Lai , K. H., Ishak, M. Z., & Peter Ligadu, C. (2023). Experience of Students in Problem-Based Learning for Science in A Sabah Secondary School: Preliminary Finding for A Case Study . Jurnal Pendidikan Bitara UPSI, 16, 123–135. https://doi.org/10.37134/bitara.vol16.sp2.12.2023