The effects of plyometric training on speed, agility and power components among under-16 athletes

Kesan latihan pliometrik terhadap komponen kepantasan, ketangkasan dan kuasa terhadap atlet berumur bawah 16 tahun

  • Yusop Ahmad Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Nur Fifie Shakilla Diekin Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
Keywords: plyometric, sprint run, run shuttle, vertical jump



This study was conducted to determine the effects of plyometric training on power, speed and agility on under 16 athletes. Thirty-two males from various background of sports were randomly selected as subjects. Subjects were divided into two groups which are intervention (N=16) and control (N=16). Subjects performed training for five weeks. Test batteries used includes 30-m sprint, 30 feet shuttle run and vertical jump to look at the effects of plyometric training given. Data that were obtained was analysed using T-test. Analysis showed that treatment group manage to improve performance in all the three tests while no significant differences between pre and post-test among control group for all the three tests. Based on the result, plyometric training that were given could improve power, speed and agility.



Download data is not yet available.


Adams, K., O’Shea, J., O’Shea, K., Climstein, M, (1992). The effect of six weeks of squat, Plyometric and squat-plyometric training on power development. Journal of applied Sports Science Research. 6(1): 36-41.

Adiguzel N. S, & Günay M. (2016). The effect of eight weeks plyometric training on anaerobic power, counter movement jumping and isokinetic strength in 15-18 years basketball players. International Journal of Environmental & Science Education, 11(10): 3241-3250.

Asadi A, Arazi H. (2012). Effects of high-intensity plyometric training on dynamic balance, agility, vertical jump and sprint performance in young male basketball players. Journal of Sport and Health Research, 4(1): 35-44.

Canavan, P. K., & Vescovi, J. D. (2004). Evaluation of power prediction equations: peak vertical jumping power in women. Medicine Science Sports Exercise, 36(9), 1589-1593.

Dias, R. G., Gonelli, P. R. G., Cesar, M. C., Verlengia, R., Pellegrinotti, I. L., & Lopes, C. R. (2016). Efeito da pré-temporada no desempenho de atletas de futebol feminino. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte, 22(2), 138-141.

Durigan, J. Z., Dourado, A. C., Santos, A. H., Carvalho, V. A. Q., Ramos, M., & Stanganelli, L. C. R. (2013). Effects of plyometric training in power of lower limbs and peed of junior tennis players. Journal of Physical Education, 24(4), 617-626.

El-Ashker, S., Hassan, A., Taiar, R., & Tilp, M. (2019). Long jump training emphasizing plyometric exercises is more effective than traditional long jump training: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(1), 215-224.

Fatouros, I.G., Jamurtas, A. Z., Leontsini, D., Kyriakos, T., Aggelousis, N. Kostopoulos, N. & Buckenmeyer, P. (2000). Evaluation of plyometric exercise training, weight training, and their combination on vertical jump performance and leg strength. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 14, 470-476.

Jain, A., Tiwari, M., Naqvi, S. A., & Jain, A. (2015). The effect of six weeks plyometric training on agility in male basketball players. International Journal of Therapies and Rehabilitation Research, 4(4), 183-190.

Kotzamanidis, C. (2006). Effect of plyometric training on running performance and vertical jumping in prepubertal boys. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 20, 441-445.

Kryeziu, A., Begu, B., Asllani, I., & Iseni, A. (2019). Effects of the 4 week plyometric training program on explosive strength and agility for basketball players. Turkish Journal of Kinesiology, 5(3), 110-116.

Lehnert M, Hůlka K, Malý T, Fohler J & Zahálka F. (2013). The effects of a 6 week plyometric training programme on explosive strength and agility in professional basketball players. Acta Univ Palacki Olomuc Gymn, 43(4): 7-15.

Lombardi, G., Vieira, N. S., & Detanico, D. (2011). Effect of two types of power training in the vertical jump performance in volleyball players. Brazilian Journal of Biomotricity, 5(4), 230-238.

Machado A. F., Pinto De Castro J. B., Bocalini D. S., Figuera Junior A. J., Nunes. R., De Souza & Vale R. G. (2019). Effects of plyometric training on the performance of 5-km road runners. Journal of Physical Education and Sport ® (JPES), 19(1), Art.99, pp. 691 – 695.

Beato, M., Bianchi, M., Coratella, G., Merlini, M., & Drust, B. (2018). Effects of plyometric and directional training on speed and jump performance in elite youth soccer players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 32(2), 289-296.

Poomsalood S, & Pakulanon S. (2015). Effects of 4-week plyometric training on speed, agility, and leg muscle power in male university basketball players: A pilot study. Kasetsart Journal Social Science; 36: 598-606.

Sharma, S. K., Saiyad, S., & Nandwani, R. (2013). Effect of Plyometiic Training on Long Jump Performance in Athletes. Indian Journal Physiotherapy Occupational therapy, 7(2), 176.

Sa’Ez De Villarreal. E., Suarez A. L., Requena B., Haff G. G., & Ferrete C. (2019). Effects of plyometric and sprint training on physical and technical skill performance in adolescent soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. Volume.29.7.

How to Cite
Ahmad, Y., & Diekin, N. F. S. (2020). The effects of plyometric training on speed, agility and power components among under-16 athletes. Jurnal Sains Sukan & Pendidikan Jasmani, 9(2), 63-69.