Does Coaching Effectiveness and Coach-Athlete Relationship Moderate the Anxiety Among Athletes?


  • Hasmida Kamis Faculty of Sports Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, Arau Campus, Arau, Perlis, MALAYSIA
  • Jamilah Ahmad Radzi Faculty of Sports Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, Arau Campus, Arau, Perlis, MALAYSIA
  • Ahmad Fikri Mohd Kassim Faculty of Sports Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, Arau Campus, Arau, Perlis, MALAYSIA



Coaching Effectiveness, Coach-Athlete Relationship, Anxiety


In sport, anxiety is one of the psychological factors that prevent the athlete’s optimal performance. The athlete’s anxiety filled with negative emotion or failure in completing a task, achieving goals, and facing obstacles. Literature has stated that, poor coaching behaviors affecting athlete’s anxiety by emotional problems experienced in the sport. However, the existing literature on the influence of coaching effectiveness and the coach-athlete relationship does not investigate specifically on anxiety. Therefore, this study was performed to analyses the literature regarding the influence of coaching effectiveness and coach-athlete relationship on anxiety among athletes. The systematic review literature has been conducted. In the time frame of 10 years, fifteen studies in form of articles and journals meet the selection criteria were analyzed. The analyses revealed that athletes are less anxious when trained by supportive coach behavior. Coaching effectiveness showed that coaches positively affect the learning and performance of the athletes. Having a good relationship with the coach gives the best chances for success in performance. The quality of the relationship between coach and athlete is found to influence the physical and psychological well-being, motivation, and confidence of the athlete. Besides, the performance of the athletes is based on how effective their coaches to influence the athletes and how they work together. Thus, do coaches stand out as the fundamental figure in issues of athlete’s anxiety, and should coaching effectiveness and coach-athlete relationship be able outstanding in examining the anxiety among athletes?


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How to Cite

Kamis, H., Ahmad Radzi, J., & Mohd Kassim, A. F. (2021). Does Coaching Effectiveness and Coach-Athlete Relationship Moderate the Anxiety Among Athletes?. Jurnal Sains Sukan & Pendidikan Jasmani, 10(2), 19–25.