The prevalence of nutritional knowledge among soccer athletes within different levels of participant status

  • Harris Kamal Kamarudin Faculty of Sport Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, Arau Campus, Arau, Perlis, MALAYSIA
  • Nor Azrin Natasya Sabri Faculty of Sport Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, Arau Campus, Arau, Perlis, MALAYSIA
  • Najmuddin Arief Nordin Faculty of Sport Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, Arau Campus, Arau, Perlis, MALAYSIA
  • Siti Jameelah Japilus Faculty of Sport Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, Arau Campus, Arau, Perlis, MALAYSIA
  • Masshera Jamaludin Faculty of Sport Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, Arau Campus, Arau, Perlis, MALAYSIA
  • Noor Mastura Mohd Mujar Lifestyle Science Cluster, Advanced Medical and Dental Institute, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Bertam, Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
  • Ahmad Fikri Mohd Kassim Faculty of Sport Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, Arau Campus, Arau, Perlis, MALAYSIA
Keywords: nutrition, soccer, knowledge, fluid, supplement

Abstract

Nutrition knowledge of an athlete, as well as practice, is expected to influence an athlete’s performance. Dietary awareness plays an important role in implementing optimal nutrition practices. The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of nutritional knowledge of soccer athletes (n = 95; age 21 ± 1.742; years of involvement 9.72 ± 1.674) within difference level of participation (university vs club). Nutritional knowledge was assessed using a psychometrically validated and reliable questionnaire. Eighty-seven questions were used to assess the knowledge about nutrition which consist of 5 domains which are general nutrition, fluid, recovery, weight control and supplements. The questionnaire was given immediately before and after training. Repeated measure ANOVA revealed a significant difference in nutritional knowledge between university and club level athletes (p = 0.024) with a mean score of 0.461 ± 0.116 vs 0.404 ± 0.125, respectively. The nutrient and fluid domains shown were significantly higher in university with a mean score of 0.516 ± .097 for nutrient and 0.573 ± 0.159 for fluid, respectively. However, no significant difference in other nutritional domains (p < 0.05). The findings of the study provide evidence that they have a significant implication of university involvement concerning their nutritional knowledge.

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Published
2021-05-20
How to Cite
Kamarudin, H. K., Sabri, N. A. N., Nordin, N. A., Japilus, S. J., Jamaludin, M., Mohd Mujar, N. M., & Mohd Kassim, A. F. (2021). The prevalence of nutritional knowledge among soccer athletes within different levels of participant status. Jurnal Sains Sukan & Pendidikan Jasmani, 10(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.37134/jsspj.vol10.1.1.2021