Does Outdoor Education Effective on Team Cohesion?


  • Mazuki Mohd Yasim Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Sultan Idris Education University, Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Nur Ikhwan Mohamad Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Sultan Idris Education University, Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Jaffry Zakaria Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Sultan Idris Education University, Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA



team cohesion, outdoor education, qualitative effect


Many investigations have explored the benefits of outdoor education, with numerous researchers finding positive benefits for participants. The literatures suggest positive results in team performance in such training in outdoor program, but with inconclusive finding of quantitative and qualitative data gathered. This paper focuses on the qualitative methods used to examine the effect of outdoor education camp on group cohesion based on previous experience of the three categories of participants. The qualitative nature of this study reveals insights into effect of outdoor education through its focus on emerging themes and patterns that developed over time. Methods used was structured interviews with ex-outdoor education student (n=2), service provider in outdoor education (n=2) and private sector (n=2). Six interviews were conducted and results found that six components which cohesion, natural environment, activity, style of the program, personal and social development, and escapism have been grouped together as influencing components to influence the participants’ outdoor education experience. Implications for this study provide one example of a qualitative research study of the effect of outdoor education that outlines the various methods used to conduct research in a naturalistic and interpretive setting.


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How to Cite

Mohd Yasim, M., Mohamad, N. I., & Zakaria, J. (2022). Does Outdoor Education Effective on Team Cohesion?. Jurnal Sains Sukan & Pendidikan Jasmani, 11(2), 39–47.

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