RIDO Dynamics: A Preliminary Study of the Factors of Intra and Inter-Ethnic Conflict in The Southern Philippines

Dinamika RIDO: SATU kajian awal terhadap faktor-faktor pertelingkahan intra dan inter-etnik di Selatan Filipina


  • Norizan Kadir Bahagian Sejarah, Pusat Pengajian Pendidikan Jarak Jauh Universiti Sains Malaysia, Gelugor, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia




Ethnic conflict, Maranao, maratabat, Rido, taritib ago igma


This article discusses intra- and inter-ethnic disputes in southern Philippines, also known as rido. Rido refers to conflicts between families or relatives that occur in the Maranao community, involving violent acts of revenge between families or kinship groups. These conflicts stem from disputes over land, political power and elections, personal honor, and other issues. Rido are closely related to the value system of the Maranao community, particularly the concept of maratabat deeply ingrained in the traditions and culture of the society. Consequently, everyone is responsible for preserving the honor and reputation of their lineage. This study aims to analyze the dynamics of rido in the context of ethnic conflict in the southern Philippines, particularly involving the Maranao ethnic group. This study finds that weaknesses in the justice system have exacerbated rido conflicts because the victimised families do not receive appropriate defence. This also encourages alternative solutions based on the traditional justice system. This preliminary study employs a qualitative approach by analysing secondary sources and a few primary sources, including the use of the interview method.


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Temubual dengan Bai Putri Morayah Amil, 25 April 2023.




How to Cite

Kadir, N. (2023). RIDO Dynamics: A Preliminary Study of the Factors of Intra and Inter-Ethnic Conflict in The Southern Philippines: Dinamika RIDO: SATU kajian awal terhadap faktor-faktor pertelingkahan intra dan inter-etnik di Selatan Filipina. Munsyi Jurnal Pengajian Sejarah, 1(1), 12–29. https://doi.org/10.37134/munsyi.vol1.1.2.2023