The Role of Nguyễn Trãi in the Liberation Struggle of Vietnamese Politics and Society
Peranan Nguyễn Trãi dalam Perjuangan Pembebasan Politik dan Masyarakat Vietnam
This article focuses on the prowess of Vietnamese intellectual figure Nguyễn Trãi (1380-1442) in spreading the philosophy of liberation during the invasion of the Ming dynasty over the Dai Co Viet (Vietnam.) The discussion is on the background of Nguyễn Trãi and their contributions to the liberation of Vietnamese against the Ming Dynasty. This study uses a qualitative methodology by examining the primary sources of Nguyễn Trãi’s works such as Proclamation of Victory, Translation and annotations of a Fifteenth Century Vietanmese Document, Beyond the Court Gate, Selected poems of Nguyễn Trãi and The complete history of Dai Viet. In addition, this study also examines secondary sources in the form of books and journals. The results of the study found that Nguyễn Trãi's involvement in the Vietnamese administration began in 1406 when his father Nguyen Phi Khanh was captured by the Ming Dynasty. As a result, Nguyễn Trãi began to hold a grudge to drive the Ming invaders away from the Vietnamese government and give peace to Vietnam. Nguyễn Trãi started writing his philosophy to fight for the liberation of Vietnam. This article has proven that the effectiveness of Nguyễn Trãi's philosophy of freedom, contributed to the success of the Vietnamese struggle for independence under Lê Lợi and subsequently built a dynasty that adhered to the philosophy.
Bowman, J.S. (1893). Columbia chronologies of Asian history and culture. Columbia University Press.
C. Phan Huy. (1961). Lich trieu hien chuong loai chi. Bibliology of Monarchical Publications.
Dutton, G., (2013). Beyond myth and caricature: Situating women in the history of early modern Vietnam. Journal of Vietnamese Studies, 8(2), 1-36.
Elliot, S., and Rose, J. (2009). A companion to the history of the book. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Grey, A. (2013). Saigon: An epic novel of Vietnam. Open Road Media.
Hoobler, D., & Hoobler, T. (2009). Confucianism (3rd ed.). Infobase Publishing.
Huu Ngoc & Vu Khieu. (1980). Nguyen Trai: A life dedicated to the people. Red River Foreign Languages Publishing House
Kroll, B. (2012). Typography in a semester. Lulu Enterprises Inc.
Le, Than Tran Trong Kim. (1971). Viet Nam Su Luoc: Short history of Vietnam. Ministry of Education.
Lien, Ngo Si. (1993). The complete history of Dai Viet (C. Ching Ho, Penterjemah). Nxb Khoa hoc xa hoi Viet Nam
Nguyen Chi Hai. (2019). Nguyen Trai’s Political Thoughts. International Journal of Political Science, 5(4), 1-5. http://dx.doi. org/10.20431/2454-9452.0504001
Nguyen Do & Hoover, P. (Eds.). (2010). Beyond the Court Gate: Selected poems of Nguyễn Trãi. Counterpath Press.
Nguyen Khac Vien. (2007). Vietnam: A long history. The Gioi Publishers Hanoi.
O’Harrow, S. (1973). French Colonial policy towards vernacular languange development in Vietnam and the selection of Pham Quynh. Aspects of vernacular languanges in Asian and Pacific Societies (Honolulu), 114-116.
O’Harrow, S. (1979). Nguyễn Trãi’s Binh Ngo Dai Cao of 1428: The Development of a Vietnamese National Identity. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 10(1), 159-174.
Pham, D. L. (2007). Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969). Xlibris Corp.
Phong Hien. (1979, September). The Humanism of Nguyen Trai. Vietnam Courier, a monthly review, 11(3), 18.
Tho Nguyen, T., & Su Le, C. (2019). Nguyen Trai’s thought on philosophical ethics and its value for the Vietnamese Society today. XLinguae, 12(1). https://doi:10.18355/XL.2019.12.01.10
Van Tai, T. (1981). The Status of women in traditional Vietnam: A comparison of the Code of the Lê Dynasty (1428-1788) with the Chinese Codes. Journal of Asian History, 15(2), 97-145.
Van Tai, T. (1982). Vietnam's Code of the Lê Dynasty (1428-1788). The American Journal of Comparative Law, 30(3), 523-554. https://doi:10.2307/839728
Vu, Dinh Dinh. (2011). Proclamation of victory: Translation and annotations of a fifteenth century Vietnamese document. The Gioi Publishing Company.
Yamamoto, Tatsuro. (1999). Development of movable type printing in Vietnam under the Le Dynasty: A study of the comparative history between Vietnam and Japan. Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko, 57, 1-11.
Copyright (c) 2021 Raja Nor Azura Raja Ismail, Ahmad Zainudin Husin
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.