The Role of Nguyễn Trãi in the Liberation Struggle of Vietnamese Politics and Society

Peranan Nguyễn Trãi dalam Perjuangan Pembebasan Politik dan Masyarakat Vietnam

  • Raja Nor Azura Raja Ismail Jabatan Sejarah, Fakulti Sains Kemanusiaan, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Ahmad Zainudin Husin Jabatan Sejarah, Fakulti Sains Kemanusiaan, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
Keywords: Nguyen Trai, Le Loi, Philosophy of Confucious, Vietnam, Ming Dynasty

Abstract

This article focuses on the prowess of Vietnamese intellectual figure Nguyễn Trãi (1380-1442) in spreading the philosophy of liberation during the invasion of the Ming dynasty over the Dai Co Viet (Vietnam.)  The discussion is on the background of Nguyễn Trãi and their contributions to the liberation of Vietnamese against the Ming Dynasty. This study uses a qualitative methodology by examining the primary sources of Nguyễn Trãi’s works such as Proclamation of Victory, Translation and annotations of a Fifteenth Century Vietanmese Document, Beyond the Court Gate, Selected poems of Nguyễn Trãi and The complete history of Dai Viet. In addition, this study also examines secondary sources in the form of books and journals. The results of the study found that Nguyễn Trãi's involvement in the Vietnamese administration began in 1406 when his father Nguyen Phi Khanh was captured by the Ming Dynasty. As a result, Nguyễn Trãi began to hold a grudge to drive the Ming invaders away from the Vietnamese government and give peace to Vietnam. Nguyễn Trãi started writing his philosophy to fight for the liberation of Vietnam. This article has proven that the effectiveness of Nguyễn Trãi's philosophy of freedom, contributed to the success of the Vietnamese struggle for independence under Lê Lợi and subsequently built a dynasty that adhered to the philosophy.

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Published
2021-05-19
How to Cite
Raja Ismail, R. N. A., & Husin, A. Z. (2021). The Role of Nguyễn Trãi in the Liberation Struggle of Vietnamese Politics and Society. Perspektif: Jurnal Sains Sosial Dan Kemanusiaan, 13(1), 37-47. https://doi.org/10.37134/perspektif.vol13.1.4.2021