Potensi realiti terimbuh dalam aktiviti mewarna: Satu kajian di sebuah prasekolah

Potential of augmented reality in colouring activity: A study in a preschool

  • Fadilah Abdul Rauf Kolej Matrikulasi Kelantan, Pasir Putih, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Wee Hoe Tan Fakulti Seni, Komputeran dan Industri Kreatif, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
Keywords: realiti terimbuh, pemikiran kreatif, aktiviti mewarna, prasekolah, augmented reality, creative thinking, colouring activity, preschool

Abstract

Realiti terimbuh atau Augmented Reality (AR) merupakan sejenis teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi yang mengupayakan maklumat maya yang bersifat visual, iaitu gambar, animasi atau video, terimbuh ke atas realiti fizikal menerusi peranti komputer. Kajian ini bertujuan meneliti potensi AR khususnya dalam aspek pemikiran kreatif melalui aktiviti mewarna dalam kalangan kanak-kanak prasekolah. Satu rancangan pengajaran dan pembelajaran (p&p) menggunakan sembilan peristiwa pembelajaran Gagne telah disediakan yang melibatkan penggunaan AR dalam aktiviti mewarna. Bagi mengukur tahap pemikiran kreatif, satu instrumen yang diadaptasi daripada Torrance Test of Creative Thinking telah dibangunkan dan disahkan oleh lima orang pakar bidang khusus. Kesan aktiviti mewarna dengan penggunaan AR dikaji melalui ujian pra dan ujian pasca melalui kajian kuasi-eksperimen yang melibatkan kumpulan rawatan. Kajian ini melibatkan 10 murid prasekolah di sebuah presekolah yang terletak di Daerah Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia. Hasil ujian statistik non-parametrik menunjukkan bahawa skor keseluruhan pemikiran kreatif meningkat dengan signifikan (p =.010), dengan perubahan Median dari tahap Sangat Baik ke tahap Cemerlang. Selain itu, skor kelancaran juga meningkat secara signifikan (p =.046), dengan perubahan Mod dari tahap Sederhana ke tahap Baik. Kesimpulannya, aplikasi mewarna AR boleh digunakan bagi meningkatkan aspek kelancaran dan keaslian pemikiran kreatif dalam kalangan kanak-kanak prasekolah. Implikasi kajian ini ialah p&p dengan AR bagi aktiviti mewarna dalam persekitaran prasekolah boleh diamalkan bagi membangunkan pemikiran kreatif, bertepatan dengan standard dalam Pembelajaran Abad ke-21. Selain itu, kualiti pelaksanaan sembilan peristiwa pembelajaran Gagne boleh dipertingkatkan dengan penggunaan teknologi AR untuk Pendidikan 4.0.

Augmented Reality (AR) is a form of information and communication technology that affords virtual information that is visual in nature, that are images, animation or video, augmented upon physical reality through computer devices. This study aims to investigate the potential of using AR, specifically in the aspect of creative thinking through colouring activity among preschool children. A lesson plan using Gagne’s nine events of instruction was prepared, involving the use of AR in a coloring activity. To measure the level of creative thinking, an instrument adapted from Torrance Test of Creative Thinking was developed and verified by five subject matter experts. The effects of the AR colouring activity were investigated through pre-test and post-test in a quasi-experiment with treatment group. The study involved 10 children in a preschool located in Jeli District, Kelantan, Malaysia. The results of nonparametric statistical tests indicated that the overall score improved significantly (p =.010), as the Median changed from Very Good to Excellent. Also, the fluency score revealed significant improvement (p =.046), as the Mode changed from Fair to Good. In conclusion, AR colouring app can be used to approve the fluency and originality aspects of creative thinking among preschool children. The implication of this research was that, teaching and learning with AR for colouring activities in preschool settings can be practiced to develop creative thinking skills, meeting the standards in the 21st Century Learning. Moreover, the quality of Gagne’s nine events of instruction can be improved with the use of AR technology for Education 4.0.

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Published
2020-07-30
How to Cite
Abdul Rauf, F., & Tan, W. H. (2020). Potensi realiti terimbuh dalam aktiviti mewarna: Satu kajian di sebuah prasekolah. Southeast Asia Early Childhood Journal, 9(2), 1-10. Retrieved from https://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/index.php/SAECJ/article/view/2989