Kursus Asuhan PERMATA: Implikasi terhadap kualiti amalan pengasuhan kanak-kanak

PERMATA Childcare Course: The implication for childcare practices quality

  • Muhammad Haziq Mohd Sharif Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Nur Amirah Sidek Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Siti Sarah Saharuden Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Engku Nurul Amilin Engku Azman Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Cynthia Saineh Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Bo Yue Shu Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
Keywords: kualiti amalan pengasuhan, pengasuh, Kursus Asuhan PERMATA, quality of childcare practices, caregivers, PERMATA Childcare Course

Abstract

Kualiti perkhidmatan Taman Asuhan Kanak-kanak (TASKA) bergantung kepada kualiti pengasuh. Oleh itu, kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengenal pasti perbezaan kualiti amalan pengasuhan antara pengasuh TASKA yang memiliki dan tidak memiliki Sijil Kursus Asuhan PERMATA (KAP). Kajian kes ini melibatkan empat orang pengasuh daripada empat buah TASKA swasta yang dipilih secara persampelan bertujuan. Data diperoleh melalui temu bual semi struktur dan pemerhatian bukan struktur menggunakan catatan nota lapangan. Hasil analisis tematik mendapati kedua-dua orang pengasuh yang memiliki Sijil KAP dengan pengalaman lebih tiga tahun dan kurang tiga tahun menunjukkan amalan pengasuhan yang lebih baik dalam penjagaan dan pengurusan keperluan asas kanak-kanak dan pelaksanaan aktiviti bersama kanak-kanak berbanding dua orang pengasuh yang tidak memiliki Sijil KAP dengan pengalaman lebih tiga tahun dan kurang tiga tahun. Dua orang pengasuh memiliki Sijil KAP tersebut juga mengakui KAP sebagai keperluan meningkatkan kualiti amalan pengasuhan mereka, manakala dua orang pengasuh tidak memiliki Sijil KAP menyatakan pandangan masing-masing. Secara keseluruhan, KAP jelas memberi implikasi terhadap kualiti pengasuhan kanak-kanak awal di TASKA. Dapatan kajian ini menggesa setiap TASKA dalam negara menyediakan pengasuh-pengasuh yang berkualiti dengan kelayakan minimum Sijil KAP bagi menjamin kualiti dalam perkhidmatan asuhan.

The quality of Childcare Centre (TASKA) services depend on the quality of caregivers. This study aimed to identify differences in quality of childcare practices between caregivers in TASKA who are with PERMATA Childcare Course (KAP) Certificate and those without it. This case study involved four caregivers from four private TASKA who were selected through purposive sampling. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews and non-structured observations using field notes. The thematic analysis revealed that both caregivers who are with KAP Certificate and have more than three years’ experience and less than three years’ experience respectively showed better childcare practices to care and manage children’s basic needs and to conduct activities with children compared to another two caregivers who are without KAP Certificate but with the same years of experience. Both caregivers with KAP Certificate also admitted that KAP is necessary for them to improve their childcare practices quality while both caregivers without KAP Certificate stated their own opinions. Overall, it is clear that KAP gives an implication on early childcare quality in TASKA. The findings urge every TASKA in this country to produce quality caregivers with the minimum qualification of KAP Certificate to guarantee the quality of childcare services.

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Published
2020-06-16
How to Cite
Mohd Sharif, M. H., Sidek, N. A., Saharuden, S. S., Engku Azman, E. N. A., Saineh, C., & Shu, B. Y. (2020). Kursus Asuhan PERMATA: Implikasi terhadap kualiti amalan pengasuhan kanak-kanak. Southeast Asia Early Childhood Journal, 9(1), 15-27. Retrieved from https://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/index.php/SAECJ/article/view/3290